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Commenting and CommentariesCharles Spurgeon
by Charles H. Spurgeon
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From Spurgeon's preface: "The reader will please observe that the books most heartily recommended are printed in the largest type with the remarks in italics. Good, but more ordinary, works are in medium type, and the least desirable are in the smallest letter. Thus we hope the eye will be caught at once by volumes best worthy of attention."

Catalogue of Commentaries & Expositions


[Volumes upon this subject are so extremely numerous and so varied in their opinions that we confine ourselves to the few which follow. The reader is also referred to works upon the Apocalypse.]

  1. DAVISON (JOHN, B.D. 1777~1834). Discourses on Prophecy; its Structure, Use, and Inspiration. [ Warbur-tonian Lectures.] 8vo. Oxf, 1845. S. 5/6. Elliott calls this "Davison's noble Work on Prophecy." This is one of the Warburtonian lectures, and we would here note that those lectures are all upon prophecy, and are many of them by first-ciasa men, and therefore worthy of study. Of course they greatly vary in value according, to the ability of the lecturers.
  2. FABER (GEORGE STANLEY, B.D. 1773—1854). Calendar of Prophecy, or a Dissertation on the Prophecies which treat of the Seven Times, and especially of the latter Three Times and a Half. 3 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1828. 7/6. 12mo. editions, 3/6. Faber is one of the great rabbis of prophecy. He was a man of almost boundless learning and industry. His characteristics are said to have been "strong masculine sense, extensive classical erudition, and a hearty love of hypothesis." This last quality, no doubt, led him to expound prophecy, and also disqualified him for doing it well.
  3. FAIRBAIRN (PATRICK, D.D.) Prophecy: its Distinctive Nature, Special Functions, and Proper Interpretation. 8vo. 10/6. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1856. S. 5/6. A standard work by one who is at/wine with the subject.
  4. FLEMING (ROBERT. 1630—1694). The Fulfilling of the Scripture. Fifth edition. Folio. Lond., 1726, 5/6; 2 vols., 8vo., 1801, 3/6; 2 vols., 12mo., 1845, 3/- This we mention because it is generally placed under this head, but it is not an exposition of prophecy at all. It is an elaborate treatise upon the fact that the Scriptures are fulfilled, and the word of the Lord is true. As such it deserves the high encomiums so freely showered upon it by the eminent divines of Fleming's own time, and it abundantly justifies the issue of so many editions.
  5. HENGSTENBERG (E. W.) The Messianic Prophecies of Isaiah and the other Prophets. These remarks are contained in Hengstenberg's Christology, which is a standard work on the subject. (See No. 67.)
  6. KEITH (ALEXANDER, D.D.) Evidence of the Truth of the Christian Religion, derived from the literal Fulfilment of Prophecy; as illustrated by the History of the Jews, and by the Discoveries of recent Travellers. Thirty-sixth edition. Thick 8vo. 1848. S. 4/- to 6/- Horne says. "The multiplied editions which have been required within a very few years sufficiently attest the high estimation in which Mr. Keith's work is deservedly held;" and we may add that the improvements and additions have increased its value, and that fresh editions have shown that it is still appreciated.
  7. NEWTON (THOMAS, D.D., Bp. of Bristol. 1704—178a). Dissertations on the Prophecies which have been fulfilled, and are fulfilling. Numerous editions. 2 and 3 vols., 8vo. Also, 1 vol., 8vo., 7/6. Lond., W. Tegg. A standard work of a laborious and learned author; rather laborious reading. The Bishop must not be trusted upon the New Testament prophecy. Theologically his standing is very dubious.

  8. KITTO (John, D.D.) "Isaiah and the Prophets." In Daily Bible Illustrations. (See No. 4 I). Should be consulted wherever the readings touch upon a passage.
  9. LOWTH (BIsHop) and others. A Literal Translation of the Prophets from Isaiah to Malachi, with Notes by Lowth, Blayney, Newcome, &c. 5 vols. 8vo. Lond., 1836. 10/- to 15/. Concerning each of the five volumes we refer the reader to our notices under the separate books.
  10. LOWTH (WILLIAM, B.D., 1661—1732, Father of Bp. Lowth). Commentary on the Prophets. 4 vols. 4to. Lond., 1714. This is Lowth's part of Patrick (2Va. 50). He was more spiritual than those with whom he became associated, which is not saying much.
  11. NOYES (GEORGE R., D.D.). A New Translation of the Hebrew Prophets. 3 vols., 12mo. New York, 1849. We are bound to commend this author's learning, taste, and candour, even though we differ widely from him. The reader must: not look for savor or spiritual quickening, but use the work as a literary help only.
  12. WILLIAMS (ROWLAND, D.D.) The Hebrew Prophets during the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires. Translated afresh from the Original, with Illustrations. 2 vols., 8vo. 22/6. Lond., Williams & Norgate. 1866—71. The author does not admit that there are references to the Messiah in the Prophets Whatever he may have written, this fatal error deprives it of value. A man writing in that fashion should have been a rabbi in the synagogue, and not a minister among professed Christians.

  13. ALEXANDER (JOSEPH ADDISON). Prophecies of Isaiah, earlier and later. T. Clark. 2 vols. 17/-1874. S. 12/-Dr. Hodge says of the author: "I regard Dr. Joseph Addison Alexander as incomparably the greatest man I ever knew—as incomparably the greatest man our Church has ever produced." He wastes no space, but gives the essence of exposition.
  14. ALEXANDER (JOSEPH ADDISON). Isaiah Translated and Explained. An Abridgment of the preceding. 2 vols. 12mo. New York, 1858. S. 6/-This abridgment of the larger work is by no means a small affair. For all ordinary purposes it is voluminous enough. We cannot too strongly recommend it
  15. BARNES (ALBERT). Notes on Isaiah. Edited by Dr. Cumming. 3 vols. Sm. 8vo. 7/6. Routledge, 1850. Cobbin's Edition, 2 vols., 1852. S. 4/6. A good popular exposition, though not the most learned.
  16. BIRKS (T. R., M.A.) Commentary on Isaiah, and a revised Trans-lation. 8vo. 12/-Lond., Rivingtons. 1871. S. 6/-Written for the Speaker's Commentary, and, though not inserted therein, it strikes us as being far superior to that work. It is a great treasure to the student of this much neglected prophet.
  17. CALVIN (JOHN). Commentarie on Isaiah. Translated by C. Cotton. Folio. Lond., 1609. 9/-' The translation of the Calvin Translation Society will be: better.
  18. CHEYNE (T. K., M.A.) The Book of Isaiah chronologically arranged. An Amended Version. Cr. 8vo. 7/6. Lond., Macmillan & Co. 1870. 'We do not as a rule believe in these re-arrangements; the book of Isaiah is best as we have it. The tone of the interpretation in this instance is not such as we can delight in; what the evangelical teacher has a right to expect is totally absent. The work is of the Broad School; the notes are, however, learned and somewhat suggestive.
  19. "Notes and Criticisms on the Hebrew Text of Isaiah. Cr. 8vo. 2/6. Lond., Macmillan & Co. The Westminster Review speaks of it as "a piece of scholarly work, very carefully and considerately done." It may be so.
  20. COWLES (HENRY, D.D.) Isaiah, with Notes. z2mo. New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1869. S. 6/6. Cowles writes more popularly than Alexander, and, though he is not so profound an authority, we have read him with pleasure.
  21. DAY (WILLIAM). An Exposition of the Book of Isaiah. Folio. 1654. 12/6to 14/-Day does not throw much light upon the text: he says he wrote for his children, and certainly he is childish enough.
  22. DELITZSCH (FRANZ.) Biblical Commentary on Isaiah. 2 vols. 8vo. 21/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1862. "The author has long been honorably distinguished among the scholars of Germany. He occupies, indeed, a position always peculiar to himself; for, whilst his attainments in Hebrew philology and Talmu-diced lore are of the highest order, he unites with these a genuine appreciation of evangelical truth and godliness." So says the Literary Churchman. For our own part, we are not enraptured with Delitzsch.
  23. EWALD (H.) The Prophet Isaiah. Chapters I.—XXXIII. From the German. By Octavius Glover. Cr. 8vo. 6/-Lond., Bell & Sons. 1869. ]Decidedly sceptical; but yet it may be useful as leading the reader to appreciate the poetic beauty of the book. Question if the good to be gained equals the risk incurred. Our verdict is to the contrary.
  24. FRASER (ALEXANDER). Paraphrase with Notes. 8vo. Edinb., 1800 2/-Of very small value.
  25. GALLOWAY (WILLIAM BROWN, M.A.) Isaiah's Testimony for Jesus. A Series of Discourses. 8vo. 14/-Zorn/., G. Bell & Sons. 1864. S. 2/-to 4/-A congregation which would listen to such lectures as these must be a very select one indeed. The writer goes most thoroughly and learnedly into his subject.
  26. HENDERSON (EBENEZER, D.D.) Isaiah, translated from the Hebrew; with a Commentary. 8vo. 1840. Second and best edition. 1857. S. 8/6. Scarce (pub. at 16/-). The author has given no doctrinal or practical observations, as he conceived that others had furnished these in abundance; he has confined himself to eliciting the real meaning of the words, and has thereby rendered great service to all expositors who have wit enough to make use of his critical assistance. To the less instructed reader, Dr. Henderson's work will appear to be dull and savorless; but to those who only need to have the language translated, and are able to supply reflections for themselves, it will be of much service.
  27. GOVETT (R. JUNIOR, M.A.) Isaiah Unfulfilled. Exposition, with new Version and Critical Notes. 8vo. Lond., 1841 S. 5/-Scholarly and conscientious. The prophecy is interpreted literally.
  28. JENOUR (ALFRED, M.A.). The Book of Isaiah, translated, with Notes and Practical Remarks. 2 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1830. 3/-This appears to us to be a faithful translation; the commentary and practical reflections are instructive and gracious.
  29. KEITH (ALEXANDER, A.M.). Isaiah as it is; or, Judah and Jerusalem the subiects of Isaiah's prophesying. Cr. 8vo. Edinb., 1850. 3/-The student will consult with benefit this valuable contribution to the explanation of a most important, but neglected book.
  30. KELLY (WILLIAM). Lectures on Isaiah. 2/6. Lond., G. Morrish. 1871. This eminent divine of the Brethren school sometimes expounds ably, but with a twist towards the peculiar dogmas of his party.
  31. LOWTH (ROBERT, D.D., F.R.S., Bp. of London. 1710—:787). Isaiah, Translation with Notes. 8vo. Numerous editions, S. 2/-; a modern one, 8vo., 4/6. Lond., W. Tegg. See 2No. 711. Smith's Dictionary remarks that Bp. Lowth's incessant correction of the Hebrew text is constantly to be mistrusted. This seriously diminishes Lowth's value, but this is a grand work notwithstanding.
  32. LYTH (JOHN, D.D.) Homiletical Treasury. 12mo. I Lond., Elliot Stock. 1868. This should have been to the preacher a book of the utmost value, for it consists wholly of outlines and hints for sermons, but these are frequently poor and commonplace. The design is superlatively practical, and had the execution been better we should have rejoiced in it.
  33. MACCULLOCH (ROBERT, D.D.) Lectures on Isaiah. 4 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1791—1805. 12/-to iS/-In these days we need condensation. This author would have beer, far more valued if he had compressed his matter into one, volume. He is good, but verbose. Some authors toil not, but they spin; Macculloch both toils and spins.
  34. MACLACHLAN (MRS., of Maclachlan). Notes on the unfulfilled Prophecies of Isaiah. [Anon.] 8vo. 8/6. Lond., Nisbet. 1868. This authoress treats Isaiah as a Jewish book only, and refers all the prophecies to that nation. We do not agree with her fundamental principle.
  35. MANCHESTER (GEORGE MONTAGUE, DUKE OF). Short Notes on Isaiah, chap. V.—XII. 8vo. 1852. 2/-We confess that we cannot enjoy the very singular style of the Duke's prelections, but there are some who set great store by them. We wonder why.
  36. NOYES (G. R.) See No. 713.
  37. STOCK (JOSEPH, M.A., Bishop of Killalla). Isaiah in Hebrew and English With Notes. 4to. 1803. 4/' The notes are few, but are said by the British Critic to be "uncommonly valuable for their depth and acuteness." We should not have thought so. Stock alters the renderings of Lowth, but seldom improves them. We judge him to be over estimated.
  38. SMITH (R. PAYNE, D.D., Dean of Canterbury). The Authen-ticity and Messianic Interpretation of the Prophecies of Isaiah Vindicated, in Sermons before the University of Oxford. 8vo. 10/6. Oxf. and Lond., J. H. & J. Parker.,862. S. 5/6 A work which would be invaluable in a discussion with Jews. It meets their objections, and also those advanced by neologians, and by the writers of Essays and Reviews.
  39. VERNEY (LADY). Practical Thoughts on the First Forty Chapters of Isaiah. 8vo. Lond., Nisbet. 1858. S. 2/6. Some sensible spiritual hints will be found in these remarks. As an exposition it is one of the least.
  40. WHISH (J. C., M.A.) A Paraphrase of the Book of Isaiah, with Notes. 12mo. 3/6. Lond., Seeley & Co. 1862. S. 1/3. Somewhat helpful. The paraphrasing is not prolix, and it does, as a rule, aid the reader in getting at the literal sense. With the spiritual teaching Mr. Whish has not intermeddled.
  41. WHITE (SAMUEL. L, M.A.) Commentary on Isaiah, wherein the literal sense is briefly explained. 4to. Zond., 1709. 2/6. This author keeps to the literal sense and is very severe upon spiritualizers, of whose vagaries he gives specimens. In aiming at one excellence he misses others, and fails to see Christ where he certainly is, thus rendering his remarks less valuable to the Christian mind.


    [There are many works upon separate chapters of this book, but it does not fall in with our plan to go so much into detail as to enumerate them all. We thought it would be useful to our readers if we mentioned a few.]

  42. MACDUFF (J. R., D.D.) "Comfort ye, Comfort ye:" God's words of comfort addressed to his Church in the last twenty-seven chapters of Isaiah. Cr. 8va. 5/-Lond., Nisbet. 1872. .Dr. Macduff translates into popular language the teachings of great expositors, and does it to perfection. For an hour's pleasant and holy reading commend us to Dr. Macduff.
  43. CALVERT (THOMAS). Mel Coeli, Medulla Evangel;i; or, The Prophet Isaiah's Crucifix. An Exposition of the Fifty-third Chapter of Isaiah. 4to. 1867. 5/-to 7/6. Precious and practical. Just what the title would lead us to expect— marrow and fatness; haney fram the Rack, Christ Jesus.
  44. DURHAM (JAMES). Christ Crucified; or, the Marrow of the Gospel, holden forth in Seventy-two Sermons on Isaiah liii. Editions, folio, 4to., and 8va. 3/-to 5/-: This is marrow indeed. We need say no more: Durham is a prince among spiritual expos;tars.
  45. MACDONOGH (T. M.) Messiah as revealed in Is. liii. Founded upon Manton (748). 12mo. Lond., 1858. 1/6. This is a serving up of the next work in the form of lectures. We do not admire abridgments, and especially those which make alterations and additions; still it is likely that many have read Macdonogh's Manton who might never have fallen in with Manton's Manton.
  46. MANTON (THOMAS, D.D.) A Practical Exposition on the whole Fifty-third Chapter of Isaiah. 8va. Lond., 1703. Also in Works, Vol. III. Nichol's Puritan Series. Manton needs no praise fram us. Whatever he does is dane in a style worthy of a chief among theologians. He is, however, seldom too brief, and his own bulk hinders his being read. Preachers of long sermons should take a hint fram this.
  47. MARGOLIOUTH (Moses, B.A.) Six Lectures on Isaiah liii, &c. 8va. Lond., Hatchards. 1846. 2/-Well worth a careful reading.
  48. STEWART (JAMES HALDANE., M.A.) Lectures upon Isaiah LV. 12mo. Lond., Hatchards. 1846. 1/6. Nine sweet evangelical discourses, in a lively, impressive style.


    [We would call special attention to the volume of the Speaker's Commentary upon this Book. It is by Dr. Payne Smith, Dean of Canterbury, and deserves much praise.]

  49. BLAYNEY (BENJAMIN, D.D. Died 1801). Jeremiah and Lamentations. New Translation, with Notes. 8vo. Lond., 1836. 2/6. (See No. 711.) Blayney belonged to a past school of clever men, too apt to suggest new readings, and more able to appreciate literary beauties than spiritual teachings. He was a zealous follower of Lowth, but he lacked the fine taste and poetic genius of his master.
  50. HENDERSON (E., D.D.) Jeremiah and Lamentations. 8vo. Lond., 1851. 8/6. A work of the same character as No. 728.
  51. HULL (JOHN, D.D.) Exposition upon part of Lamentations. 4to. Lond., 1618. 7/6. Full of quaintnesses. Marrowy throughout.
  52. KEIL (K. F. 1754—1818). Commentary on Jeremiah and Lamentations. 2 vols., 8vo. 21/. Edinb., T. &T. Clark. 1874. We have already indicated the direction in which Keil is serviceable. For exact interpretation he is esteemed, but he is too cold and formal ever to be a favorite.
  53. LANGE'S COMMENTARY. Jeremiah and Lamentations. By Dr. C. W. Nagelsbach. 1 vol., Imp. 8vo. 21/-Edinb., T. Clark. 1871. "Whoever becomes possessed of this great work will have, in a comprehensive form, the results of all ancient and modern exegesis, with an apparatus criticus of surprising copiousness."—British Quarterly Review.
  54. LOWTH (WILLIAM, M.A.) A Commentary on Jeremiah and Lamentations. 4to. Lond., 1718. 1/6. (See Nos. 50and 712). This forms a part of what is known as Bp. Patrick's Commentary. Orme says that Lowth is "one of the most judicious commentators on the prophets, and he never prophesies himself" We wish we could say this of all writers on prophetic subject..
  55. SMITH (THORNLEY). The Prophet of Sorrow; or, Life and Times o£ Jeremiah. Cr. 8vo. 4/6. Edinb., Oliphant. 1875. Not a commentary; but as it casts light on the character and times of the prophet it deserves a place here.
  56. SWIFT (DANIEL). Zion's sufferings: an Exposition of Lamen. tations V. 12mo. Lond., 1654. 4/-Strong, rough, coarse. Excessively rare.
  57. UDALL (JOHN) A Commentarie upon the Lamentations of Jeremy. [Anon.'] 4to. Lond., 1599. 4/ or5/. In this extremely rare work the author has labored after brevity, and has given the abridgment of many discourses; hence, to those who can procure it, it is all the more useful.

  58. ALLEINE (WILLIAM). The nine last chapters of Ezekiel unfolded. 8vo. 1679. 5/6 Very rare; will interest interpreters of prophecy.
  59. COWLES (HENRY, D.D.) Ezekiel and Daniel; with Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Practical. Thick cr. 8vo. New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1867. S. 6/6. In his own way this author is one of the most instructive of American writers; he is clear and definite, and leaves his meaning impressed upon the mind. His scholarship is respectable.
  60. FAIRBAIRN (PATRICK, D.D.) Ezekiel. Exposition; with New Translation. 8vo. 10/6. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1851. This exposition has passed through three editions, and has gained for its author a high place among elucidators of difficult parts of Scripture. Dr. Fairbairn has a cool judgment and a warm heart; he has cast much light upon Ezekiel's wheels, and has evidently felt the touch of the live coal, which is better still.
  61. GREENHILL (WILLIAM, M.A. 1591-1677). Exposition of Ezekiel. 5 vols. 4to. 1645—1667. Reprinted in a thick imp. 8vo. volume, 1827, and now issued in Nichol's Commentaries. 10/6. Lond., Nisbet. 1863. We always get something out of Greenhill whenever we refer to him. He had not, of course, the critical skill of the present day, but his spiritual insight was keen. He rather commented on a passage than expounded it.
  62. GUTHRIE (THOMAS, D.D.) The Gospel in Ezekiel Cr. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Daldy & Isbister. 1864. Very little of Ezekiel, and a great many of those flowers of eloquence which rendered Dr. Guthrie so famous. We can hardly regard it as an exposition. It only dwells upon the latter part of the 36th chapter.
  63. HENDERSON (EBENEZER, D.D.) Ezekiel. With Commentary. 8vo. Lond.,Hamilton. 1855. 5/-Valuable condensed notes.
  64. HENGSTENBERG (E. W., D.D.) The Prophecies of Ezekiel elucidated. Demy 8vo. 10/6. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1869. We have frequently characterised this author's writings. They are clear, cold. and dry, like a fine moonlight night in the middle of winter. A man needs a peculiar mind to enjoy Hengstenberg; but all educated students can profit by him.
  65. KEIL (K. F.) Ezekiel [2 vols., in preparation]. Edinb. T. Clark.
  66. LANGE. Commentaries on Ezekiel and other Books of Old Testament. [In preparation.] Edinb., T. & T. Clark.
  67. NEWCOME (WILLIAM, D.D., Abp. of Armagh. 1729—1800). Improved version, metrical arrangement, and explanation. 4to. Dublin, 1728. 8vo. Lond., 1836, &c. (See Lowth and others, No. 7x I). Dr. Fairbairn says:—"The notes are of a very brief description, chiefly explanatory of the meanings given in the translation; and both the translation and the notes proceed to a large extent on the vicious principle, very prevalent at the time, of getting rid of difficulties in the sense by proposed emendations of the text." Yet Newcome showed both learning and diligence in this improved version.

  68. AMNER (R.) Essay towards interpretation. 8vo. Lond., 1776. Written on the absurd hypothesis that the prophecies were all fulfilled before the death of Antiochus Epiphanes.
  69. AUBERLEN (CARL AUGUST, Ph.D.) The Prophecies of Daniel and the Revelation, by C. A.A. Translated by Adolphe Saphir. 8vo. Edinb.,T. & T. Clark. 1856. 5/-Not a textual commentary, but a treatise upon the mysterious prophecies. Auberlen's spirit is reverential and his views are evangelical, or we should not have found Mr. Saphir translating it. He acknowledges his indebtedness to Roos, No. 799. We must leave the interpretations to be judged by those who are learned in such subjects.
  70. BARNES (ALBERT). Notes. Blackie's edition. 2vols., post 8vo. 7/-S. 3/6. Dr. Wardlaw said of t/ds work:2-"] have examined the 'Notes' of' the Rev. Albert Barnes on a considerable variety of testing passages; and, so far as my examination has gone, I feel confident in pronouncing them to be characterized, in no ordinary degree, by discriminative judgment, sound theology, unostentatious learning, practical wisdom, and evangelical piety."
  71. BIRKS (T. R., M.A.) Exposition of the first two Visions of Daniel. Fcap. 8vo. 6/-Lond., Seeleys. 1845. S.:/6.
  72. BIRKS (T. R., M.A.) The Two Later Visions of Daniel historically explained. Fcap. 8vo. 6/-Lond., Seeley. 1846. We must leave judgment upon this work and the preceding one to those skilled in prophetic interpretation.
  73. BRIGHTMAN (THOMAS. Puritan. 1557—1607). A most comfortable Exposition of the last and most difficult part of the Prophecie of Daniel, from the 26th verse of the 11th Chapter to the end of the 12th Chapter, wherein the restoring of the Jewes and their calling to the faith of Christ after the utter overthrow of their three last enemies is set forth in lively colors. 4to. Lond., 1644. This exposition and the author's commentary on Canticles are appended to his work on Revelation, and do not appear to have been published separately. In his title-page Brightman is called a bright and worthy man, and in the preface we are told that "he shined every way and was a Brightman indeed." His work is rather a curiosity than a treasure.
  74. BROUGHTON (HUGH. 1549—1612). Daniel's Chaldee Visions. 14forks. Folio. Lond., 1662. This author was pedantic and eccentric, but yet a man of real learning. His works!have almost disappeared. In his own day some considered him a sage and others a quack. He was a little of both.
  75. CALVIN (JOHN). Commentaries upon Daniel. 4to. Lond., John Day. 1570. 10/-Also in Calvin's complete works.
  76. COLEMAN (THOMAS). Decision, exemplified in Daniel. 8vo. Lond., 1858. This is by the author of "Memorials of Independent Churches." It is intended for children and is suitable for them.
  77. COWLES (HENRY, D.D.) See under Ezekiel, No. 761.
  78. DANIEL: Statesman and Prophet. [Anon]. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Religious Tract Society. [N.D.] A valuable popular addition to the literature of the book of Daniel. Objections to its authenticity and inspiration are met, and the assaults of infidels are made to bring out the evidences of Divine authority with all the greater clearness. We are delighted with the volume, which is beautifully got up. Every student and minister should have a copy.
  79. DARBY (JOHN NELSON). Studies. 1/-Lond., W. H. Broom. The name of the writer sufficiently indicates the character of the book.
  80. DESPREZ (PHILIP S., B.D.) Daniel; or, the Apocalypse of the Old Testa-ment. 8vo. 5/-Lond., Williams& Norgate. 1865. This work is of the Essays and Reviews school. The author cannot see the Messiah in Daniel. It is worse than useless.
  81. ELLIOTT (E. B.) See under Revelation.
  82. FRERE (JAMES HATLEY, Esq.) A Combined View of the Prophecies of Daniel, Ezra, and St. John. 8vo. Lond., 1826. S. 2/6. This has been esteemed by many in its day, but we do not recommend its purchase.
  83. GAUSSEN (S. R. LOUIS). Daniel, explained for Young Persons. 2 vols. 8vo. 9/-Lond., J. & C. Mozley. 1874. This is a work for children only. We hope it will not set our Sunday School teachers explaining to their little ones the image and its toes, the he-goat, and all the other marvels. If they do attempt it we wish them as well through their task as Professor Gaussen.
  84. HARRISON (BENJAMIN, M.A., Archdeacon of Maid-stone). Prophetic Outlines of the Christian Church and the Antichristian Power, as traced in the Visions of Daniel and St. John. [Warburtonian Lectures.] 8vo. 1849. 3/' We like the manner of this book. The author has been content throughout to trace the true outline o/interpretation without entering an a detailed examination of counter theories; and he has done this in the spirit of Bishop Ridley, who said upon a kindred subject, "Sir, in these matters I am so fearful, that I dare not speak further than the very text doth, as it were, lead me by the hand."
  85. HENGSTENBERG (E. W.) Dissertations on the Genuineness of Daniel and the Integrity of Zachariah. 8vo. 12/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1848. S. 5/6. Much valuable matter is brought out by the discussion; but few of us have time to go into it, or any need to do so; for we are fully persuaded of the integrity of all the prophets, and of their books too.
  86. HUIT (EPHRAIM. Puritan). The whole Prophecie of Daniel Explained. 4to. Lond., 1643. 5/6. Huit's short doctrinal summaries of the verses will bring useful sub. jects before the preacher's mind; otherwise Huit is not very remarkable.
  87. IRVING (EDWARD, M.A. 1792—1834). Babylon and Infidelity foredoomed of God-; A Discourse on Daniel and the Apo-calypse. 2 vols., 12mo. Glasg., 1826; also one vol. 8vo. 3/6. More of rolling sound than anything else.
  88. KEIL (K. F.) Commentary on the Book of Daniel. 8vo 10/6. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1872. "We have just had occasion to make ourselves acquainted with Keil's book on Daniel, and we can speak of it in very high terms. It is marked by great erudition, rare accuracy, and much spiritual thoughtfulness."~Evangelical Magazine.
  89. KELLY (WILLAM). Notes. 12mo. 1/6. Lond., Morrish. 1870. It needs minds of a peculiar organization to enjoy Plymouth writings. They abound in peculiar phraseology, which only the initiated can understand. We are sorry to see such a mind as Mr. Kelly's so narrowed to party bounds.
  90. KNOX (J.) Reflections on Daniel. Small 8vo. 1849. This book is unknown to us.
  91. MANCHESTER (GEORGE MONTAGUE, DUKE OF). The Times of Daniel, Chronological and Prophetical. 8vo. Lond., 1845. 3/-This work has received the most enthusiastic praise from German writers, who dwell with pleasure upon his being "erudite and illustrious." The duke's writing is certainly sui genera. He is by no means a favorite author with us.
  92. MILES (CHARLES POPHAM, B.A.) Lectures, with Notes. [Chap. I—VII]. 2 vols. 12mo. Lond.,Nisbet. 1840-41. 3/6. Commendable sermons and good notes.
  93. MORE (HENRY, D.D., F.R.S. 1614—1687). A Plain and Continue.,[ Exposition of the several Prophecies of Daniel. 4to. Lond., 1681. 2/6. If a man had no more than Afore on Daniel he would certainly long for more, and need a work more spiritual and more suggestive.
  94. NEWTON (SIR ISAAC, F.R.S. 1642—1727). Observations on Daniel and the Apocalypse. 4to. Lond., 1733; 8vo., 1831. 2/-or 3/-The author's name will always keep this book in repute. The spiritual student will not glean much from it. Sir Isaac's fame does not rest on his expositions. The following extract we cannot forbear inserting in this place :—"The folly of interpreters has been, to foretell times and things by this prophecy [the Apocalypse], as if God designed to make them prophets. By this rashness they have not only exposed themselves, but brought the prophecy also into contempt. The design of God was much otherwise. He gave this and the prophecies of the Old Testament, not to gratify men's curiosities by enabling them to foreknow things, but that after they were fulfilled they might be interpreted by the event; and his own providence, not the interpreter's wisdom, be then manifested thereby to the world."
  95. PARKER (THoMAS. Puritan. Died 1677). Daniel expounded. 4to. Lond 1646. 'This learned book is enough to perplex and distract any ordinary mortal, but probably Dr. Cumming and brethren of his school would revel in it. We had sooner read a table of logarithms.
  96. PUSEY (EDWARD BOUVERIE, D.D. Regius Professor of Hebrew). Daniel the Prophet. Nine Lectures. 8vo. 10/6. Lond., J. Parker & Co. 1869. To Dr. Pusey's work on Daniel all subsequent writers must be deeply indebted, however much they may differ from him in other departments of theological study.
  97. ROOS (MAGNUS FREDERICK. 1727—1803). Exposition of such of the Prophecies of Daniel as receive their accomplishment under the New Testament. Translated by E. Henderson. 8vo. Edinb., 1811. 1/6 and 2/-Dr. Henderson gently chides those who are not sufficiently intent upon prophetical interpretation. There would be fewer of such delinquents if expositors were more reasonable. Roos, however, is dull to a dreadful degree: we should say that nobody ever read him through, except his translator. He is very devout, and this is the saving point about his book. We cannot tell whether the views of Roos are correct or not, for we cannot keep awake while reading him. As far as we have gone we have seen some reason to question.
  98. RULE (WILLIAM HARRIS, D.D.). Historical Exposition of Daniel. Cr. 8vo. Lond., Seeley & Co. 1869. 3,/-A notably interesting exposition, bringing historical facts and memorials to bear upon the prophecy. It is not merely readable, but attractive.
  99. STRONG (LEONARD). Lectures. 12mo. 2/-Lond.,Yapp. 187t. Notes of instructive lectures.
  100. STUART (MosEs). A Commentary on the Book of Daniel 8vo. Boston, U.,5'. 1850. S. 9,/6. Stuart gives quite an independent interpretation, and fails to see the.Pope and his Cardinals in Daniel, for which we like him all the better. 'Vie do not accept his conclusions, but he is always worthy of respect.
  101. TREGELLES (S. PRIDEAUX, LL.D.) Remarks on the Prophetic Visions of Daniel. Cr. 8vo. 5/-Lond., Bagsters. 1852. Tregelles is deservedly regarded as a great authority upon prophetical subjects.
  102. WELLS (EDWARD, D.D.) Daniel explained. 4to. Lond., 1716. 1/6. This is a different work to that mentioned in No. 6x. It is of no great value.
  103. WILLET (ANDREW). Hexapla in Danielem. Folio. 1610. 8/6. aPr. Williams says that this is a work of much information, as it contains the "opinions of many authors on each point of difficulty." He adds that in none of his expositions does Willet "discover more skill and judgment than in the present work."
  104. WILSON (JosEPH, A.M.) Horae Propheticae; or Dissertation on the Book of Daniel. 8vo. Oundle, 1824. 2/-We consider this to be of more than average worth.
  105. WINTLE (THOMAS, B.D. 1737—1814). Daniel, an Improved Version, with Notes. 4to. Oxf, 1792; 8vo., Lond., 1836. 2/- (See No. 711.) Learned notes, mainly philological, with a translation on the plan of Lowth.
  106. WODROW (ROBERT). Destiny of Israel, as unfolded in the Eighth and succeeding Chapters of Daniel. 12mo. Blackie & Son. 1844. 1/6. This devout author follows the system of Sir Isaac Newton and Bishop Newton. His calculations as to the year 1843 were disproved by history.
  107. WOOD (WILLIAM, A.M.) Lectures on the first Seven Chapters of Daniel. 12mo. Lond., Cleaver. 1847. x/6. Plain sermons of no great expository value.

  108. BARLEE (EDWARD). Explanatory Version of the Minor Prophets, 12mo. ].on&, Pickering. 1839. 1/6. One of the best paraphrases we have ever met with.
  109. COWLES (HENRY, D.D.) The Minor Prophets, with Notes. Cr. 8vo. New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1867. S. 7/-"This work is designed for both pastor and people. It embodies me results of much research, and elucidates the text of sacred Scripture with admirable force and simplicity."—New York Christian Intelligence
  110. DANÆUS, or DANEAU (LAMBERT. Eminent French Protestant Divine. 1530—1596). A fruitfull Commentarie upon the Twelve Small Prophets. Translated by John Stockwood, Minister at Tunbridge. 4to. Lond., 1594. A translation of a work famous in its day, but of small service now.
  111. HENDERSON (EBENEZER, D.D.) The Twelve Minor Prophets. Large 8vo. Lond., Hamilton & Co. 1845. Scarce. S. 10/-A learned critical work, not spiritually or doctrinally suggestive, but simply explanatory of the text. This author denounces the theory of a double sense in prophecy 3 we, none the less, believe it to be a fact.
  112. HUTCHESON (GEORGE). Briefe Exposition of the 12 Small Prophets. 3 vols., sm. 8vo. Lond., 1655; 1 vol., folio, 1657. 7/6 to 10/-Get it. Hutcheson is always rich. He resembles Dickson.
  113. KEIL (K. F.) Commentary on the Minor Prophets. 2 vols., 8vo. 21/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1871. "Dr. Keil is at his best in this Commentary; and to all who have ventured on this obscure region we can promise an intelligent guide and a serviceable light in this work. We ourselves, under his guidance, have resumed the study of these beautiful and instructive Scriptures with renewed vigor and growing delight."—Nonconformist.
  114. KELLY (WILLIAM). Lectures. Cr. 8vo. 4/6. Lond., Broom. 1871. Mr. Kelly finds in the Minor Prophets a great many things which we cannot see a trace: of—for instance, he here discovers that we shall lose India. It is a pity that a man of such excellence should allow a very superior mind to be so warped.
  115. LANGE. Commentary on the Minor Prophets. Edited by Dr. Schaff. Imp. 8vo. 21/-Edinb.,T.T. Clark. 1874. The commentaries on the different prophets are by various authors; hence their value differs, its a whole the volume is excellent, but not so good as Keil.
  116. NEWCOME (WILLIAM, D.D. Abp. of Armagh. 1729—1800). Improved Version, Metrical Arrangement, and Explanation. With all the Principal Notes of Harsley on Hosea, and Blayney on Zechariah. 8vo. Lond., 1836. 2/6. (See No. 71I.) A celebrated critical work of a past age, but not expository. Newcome was too fond of new readings to be safely followed.
  117. PUSEY (E. B., D.D.) The Minor Prophets. With a Commentary. 4to., sewed, 5/-each part. Part I., Hosea to Joel; II., Joel to Amos, vi. 6; III., Amos, vi. 6 to Micah, i. 12; IV., Micah, i. 13 to Nahum; V. [in the press], Habakkuk to Haggai. Lond., J. Parker. 1860—1871. All authorities speak of this work with great respect and so would we; but it is evident that Dr. Pusey is far too much swayed by patristic and mediaeval commentators.
  118. RANDALL (JAMES, M.A.) Sermons on the Books of Joel, Jonah, Nahum, Micah, and Habakkuk. 8co. Lond., 1843. 2/6. Superior sermons; but what are they among so many prophets?
  119. STOKES (DAVID, D.D.) Paraphrase. 8co. Lond., 1659. 4/' Of no importance.

  120. BURROUGHES (JEREMIAH. Puritan. 1599—1646). Exposition of the Prophesie of Hosea. 4 vols. 4to. Lond., 1643—1651. [The original work does not include Chapter XIV., upon which there is an Exposition by Sibbes, and another by Bp. Reynolds. The reprint, by James Sherman, contains the Exposition completed by I-fall and Reynolds. Nichol's Series of Commentaries. 1 vol., imp. 8co. 10/6. Nisbet, 1863. Masterly. A vast treasure-house of experimental exposition. With the exception of Adams, we prefer it to any other of the expositions reprinted under the editorship of Mr. Sherman.
  121. HORSLEY (SAMUEL., Bishop of St. Asaph). Hosea. Translated from the Hebrew; with Notes. 4to. Lond., 1804. S. 3/-And in Vol. 2 of Biblical Criticism. Horsley occasionally succeeds in elucidating obscurities, but frequently his treatment of the text reminds one of the old army surgeons who cut and hacked their patients without mercy. This translation is still valued, but is to be followed with discretion.
  122. DOWNAME (JOHN, B.D. Died 1644). Lectures upon the Four First Chapters of Hosea. 4to. Lond., 1608. 3/6. An exposition of the richest kind. Get it by all means, if you can.
  123. DRAKE (WILLIAM, M.A.) Notes, critical and explanatory, on the Prophecies of Jonah and Hosea. 8vo. Cam&, Macmillan & Co. 1853. For Hebraists only.
  124. NEALE (JAMES, M.A.) Hosea. Translation, Commentary, and Notes. Royal 8vo. Lond., 1850. S. 1/6 to 2/6. We do not think many ministers will value it for homiletical purposes.
  125. POCOCK (EDWARD, D.D. 1604—1691). Commentary on Hosea. In Vol. 2 of his Works; 2 vols. folio. Lond., 1740. 12/6. Orme says Pocock was "one of the finest Oriental scholars, and certainly the first Arabic scholar of his age." His book is a treasury filled with the products of laborious research.
  126. WOLFENDALE (J.) Homiletical Commentary on Hosea. [In progress: being Part 5 of the Preacher's Commentary.] I/. Lond., R. D. Dickinson. [1875.] On an excellent plan, and moderately well executed. With Bur-roughes and others to quarry from, and so good a method to work by., Mr. Wolfendale ought to have produced a better book; but even as it is he deserves a measure of commendation.
  127. SMITH (SAMUEL). An Exposition upon the Sixth Chapter of the Prophesie of Hosea. 4to. Lond., 1616. 5/' In Smith's usual quiet, rich, expository manner.
  128. MARGOLIOUTH (MosEs, B.A.) Genuine Repentance, and its Effects. Exposition of Hosea XIV. 8vo. Lond., 1854.. 3/' Respectable discourses.
  129. REYNOLDS (EDWARD, D.D., Bp. of Norwich. 1599—1676). An Explication of the Fourteenth Chapter of Hosea, in Seven Sermons. 4to. 1649. 2/-Reprinted by the Religious Tract Society. 18mo. I/6. See also under Burroughes, No. 822. Reynolds was one of the greatest theological writers in an age of great divines. He worthily takes place with Burroughes.
  130. SIBBES (RICHARD, D.D.) The Returning Backslider, or a Commentary upon Hosea XIV. 4to. 1639, &c. 2/-Also in Vol I I. of his Works, Nichol's edition. Manton says of Sibbes, that he had a peculiar gift in unfolding the great mysteries of the Gospel in a sweet and mellifluous manner, and therefore he was by his hearers usually termed the Sweet Dropper, "sweet and heavenly distillations usually dropping from him with such a native elegance as is not easily to be imitated." This commentary on Hosea is a fair specimen of his style.

  131. CHANDLER (SAMUEL, D.D.) A Paraphrase and Critical Commentary on Joel. 4to. Lond., 1735. 2/6. Chandler makes very few remarks of a spiritual kind, but explains the letter of the word with considerable skill. In writing upon Joel he does not appear to the same advantage as in his "Life of David." He does not effect much in clearing up the "things hard to be understood" in the prophet, and he is of the old broad school.
  132. HUGHES (JOSEPH, B.A.) The Prophecy of Joel. The Hebrew Text metrically arranged, with a New Translation and Critical Notes. Fcap. 8vo. 2/6. Lond., Bagsters. A purely literary treatise, useful to Hebraists only.
  133. POCOCK (EDWARD, D.D.) A Commentary on Joel. 14forks, vol. I. Folio. Oxf, 1691. [The same volume contains his common. taxies on Micah and Malachi.] Full of antique learning. Holds a high place among the older comments, but will never again be popular.
  134. ROWLEY (ADAM CLARKE, M.A.) Joel. Metrical Translation. Sq. 8vo. Lond., Hamilton. 1867. S. 1/6. The translation has been carefully executed. The notes are illustra tive and literary only; they do not profess to open up the moral and spiritual teaching of the prophet. Could Adam Clarke rise from the dead, he would rejoice to find his grandson following in his footsteps.
  135. TOPSELL (EDWARD). Times Lamentations; or, An Exposition on the Prophet Joel. 4to. Lond., 1599. 9/-Among the old English commentaries Topsell is the writer on Joel. He has the usual force, homeliness, piety, and fullness of the Puritan period.
  136. UDALL (JOHN). The true remedie against Famine and Warres. Flue Sermons upon the first Chapter of the prophesie of Joel. ],and. 12mo. 1586. 15/-We gave so high a price for this small black letter volume that we should like to make it profitable to our brethren, and therefore we commend to the more starchy of them the following extract, which will also serve to show how the old preachers lashed with vigor the fashions of the times. Udall says: "For the feeding of our monstrous humor of vanity, how many thousands of quarters of the finest wheat, which God ordained for the food of man, are yearly converted into that mast devilish device of starch. A sin so abominable that it doth cry so loudly in the Lord's ears for vengeance, as his justice must needs proceed against us for it, without speedy repentance."

  137. BENEFIELD (SEBASTIAN, D.D. 1559—1630). A Commentary upon the first Chapter of the Prophecie of Amos. Delivered in twenty-one Sermons. 4to. Lond., 1629. Upon the second chapter, in twenty-one Sermons, ]r620. Upon the third chapter, in seventeen Sermons, 1629. [Sometimes to be met with in one volume.] 9/-, or with ]fall (No. 840), 2 vols., 18/-to 20/-Dr. Benefield was Lady Margaret Professor in Oxford, a Puritan and thorough Calvinist. His volume was, in its time, the standard Commentary on Amos. It is somewhat prolix and plentifully sprinkled with Latin; it only discusses three chapters in 953 pages.
  138. HALL (THOMAS, B.D., Puritan, Born 1610). An Exposition; by way of Supplement, on the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth. and ninth Chapters of Amos. 4to. Lond., 1661. Hall took up Amos where Benefield left off. He says he studied brevity, and perhaps he succeeded, for he does not quite fill 600 pages with six chapters. The two quartos make up a complete work, of an antique type, not suitable to modern tastes, nor up to the mark of present criticism, but still instructive. What Puritan is not?
  139. RYAN (VINCENT WILLIAM, M.A.) Lectures on Amos. 12mo. Lond., Seeleys. 1850. 2/-A commendable series of Lectures; the more valuable because so few moderns have ventured to touch the subject.

  140. MARBURY (EDWARD, A.M. Died about 1655). Obadiah. 4to. Lond., 1649. 4/6. ' Reprinted, with his Commentary upon Habakkuk, in Nichol's Series. Cr. 4to. 7/'6. £and., Nisbet. 1865. Far more lively than Rainolds. His spirituality of mind prevents his learning becoming dull. He says in the preface, "all my desire is to do all the good I can," and he writes in that spirit.
  141. PILKINGTON (JAMES, B.D., Bp. of Durham. 1520~1575). In the "Works of Bishop Pilkington," reprinted by the Parker Sac/ely, there are Commentaries on Haggai, Obadiah, and Nehemiah. S. 3/-Full of the minor as well as the major controversies of the Reformation period, and therefore the less interesting to us. In its own day it was the master-work on the two prophets, Haggai and Obadiah.
  142. RAINOLDS (Joliet, D.D. 1549—1607). The Prophecie of Obadiah opened and applyed. 4to. 1613. 3/-to 4/6. Re-printed, with his work on Haggai, and King on Jonah, in one volume of Nichol's Series. Cr. 4to. 7/6. Lond., Nisbet. 1864. Full of classical stories and learned allusions; but more useful when first written than now. The author was one of the most learned men the world ever produced, but he is not likely to be a favorite with modem readers.


    [This unloveable Prophet has found more Commentators than any other; .partly we suppose because the angles of his character excite greater interest, but mainly because we have some knowledge of his life, and therefore are able to realize his personality. He has received quite as much attention as he deserves in proportion to other Prophets.]

  143. ABBOTT (GEORGE, Abp. of Canterbury. 1562—1633). An Exposition upon the Prophet Jonah. 4to. 1613. 5/-New edition, published at 12/-, offered for 3/-, by Ogle & Murray, Edinb. Abbott was a renowned Calvinistic divine, and one of the translators of the present version of the Bible. No set of works on Jonah would be complete without this learned, laborious, and cam-prehensive exposition. It is, of course, very antique in style; but, like "old wine," it is none the worse for its age.
  144. BENJOIN (GEORGE). Jonah. Translation, with Notes. 4to. Cam&, 1796. Plenty of paper. Hame says this work "is literally good for nothing."
  145. CALVIN (JOHN). Lectures upon the Prophet Jonas. Translated by N. Baxter. 4to. Lond., 1578. 9/-This of course is fuller than the Commentary, and, as the work of a revered master, is beyond our criticism.
  146. CUNNINGHAM (J. w., A.M.) Six Lectures on the Book of Jonah. Fcap. boards. 3/-Lond., Hatchards. 1833. Good simple Lectures.
  147. DESPREZ (P.S., D.D.) The Book of Jonah. Illustrated by Discoveries at Nineveh. 12mo. 1857. 1/6. To make Layard illustrate Jonah was a good idea, and it has been well carried out by this author.
  148. DRAKE (WILLIAM, M.A.) Notes on Jonah and Hosea. 8vo. 9/-Cam&, Macmillan & Co. 1853. S. 1/6. Entirely critical. Only useful to Hebrew scholars.
  149. EDWARDS (HENRY). Exposition of the Book of Jonah. 12mo. Long Sutton, Swain. 1837. 2/-Fourteen plain, earnest, practical sermons.
  150. EPHRAEM SYRUS. (Died about 379). A Metrical Homily on the Mission of Jonah. Translated from the original Syriac, by Henry Burgess, LL.D. Cr. 8vo. 10/6. Lond., Sampson Low & Co. 1853. 1/6 new. A literary curiosity—nothing more.
  151. EXELL (JOSEPH S.) Practical Readings on the Book of Jonah. Cr. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Elliot Stock. 1874. Mr. Exell, in a very unpretending but able way, brings to light the practical lessons of Jonah. Paxton Hood calls these readings "admirable," and we concur in the verdict.
  152. FAIRBAIRN (PATRICK, D.D.) Jonah: Life, Character, and Mission. 12mo. Edinb., Johnstone. 1849. S. 2/-The life and times of the prophet are set in a clear light; and the nature and design of his mission fully explained. The work is well done, and is by far the ablest English treatise on this prophet.
  153. FULLER (THOMAS, D.D.) Notes upon Jonah. [In "A Collection of Sermons." Sm. 8vo. Lond., 1656.] Mr. Tegg has reprinted Fuller's Comment on Ruth, and Notes upon Jonah, in one small 8vo. vol. 4/6. 1868. S. 2/6. Full of wisdom, and fuller of wit,' in fact, too full of the soul of the latter, for they are far too short.
  154. GAUSSEN (S. R. Louis, Theol. Prof., Geneva). Jonah, the Prophet. Lessons on his Life. 18mo. x/6 and 2/-Lond., Religious Tract Society. [N. D.] Addresses to a Sunday School at Geneva.
  155. HARDING (THOMAS). Expository Lectures. 12mo. Lond., 1856. S. 1[-' What intelligent man in this kingdom could learn anything from these lectures? The; worthy man writes only such self-evident truisms as must have occurred to anybody and everybody who has read his Bible.
  156. HOOPER (JOHN. Bishop and Martyr). An oversyghte and deliberation uppon the holy prophet Jonas: made and uttered before the Kinges Majesty and his most honorable Councell, by Jhon Hoper, in Lent last past. Comprehended in seuen Sermons. 16mo. Lond., 1550. Reprinted by the Parker Society. 8vo. Camb., 1843. S. 3/-It would not repay the student to buy Hooper's works for this short piece. The language is antique, and the thought not of the newest.
  157. JONES (THOMAS, of Creaton). Jonah's Portrait. 12mo. 1827. 2/-" Jonah's Portrait" was very popular fifty years ago, and deservedly so, for Mr. Jones sketches it with considerable power. We should fancy that Jonah's portrait, as he sat under his withered gourd, was not a thing of beauty, or a joy for ever.
  158. KING (JOHN, Bp. Of London. 1559—1621). Lectures upon Jonas. 4to. Oxf, 1600, &c. S. 3/' to 5/-Reprinted in Nichol's Series of Commentaries. (See Rainolds, No. 844). Quaint and rich, with a little occasional quiet mirth. It was the book of its time. Some will think it out of date, others will, like Grosart, prize the work of "the Bishop with the royal name."
  159. MACPHERSON (A.) Lectures. 18mo. Edinb., 1849.:/-Far superior to the general run of lectures.
  160. MARTIN (HUGH). The Prophet Jonah. Cr. 8vo. 6/-Lond., W. Isbister & Co. 1866. ,4 first-class exposition of Jonah. No one who has it will need any other. It is not a small treatise, as most of the Jonah books are; but it contains 460 pages, all rich with good matter. It is out of print, and ought to be republished. What are publishers at to let such a book slip out of the market?
  161. MUIR (A. S.) Lessons from Jonah. Cr. 8vo. Lond.,, 857. i/6. A lively, popular, and earnest book, in a specially florid style. The author talks a great deal about "the Son of Amittai;" why not say Jonah? We are tempted to pull the finery to pieces; but we stay our hand, for there is really something good in these "lessons."
  162. PEDDIE, (JAMES, D.D. 1759—1845). A Practical Expo-sition of the Book of Jonah. 12mo. Edinb., 1842. 2/-" The pungent remarks peculiar to the Ralph Erskine school make the Jonah of Dr. Peddie a favorite wherever it is known."
  163. PRESTON (MATTHEW MORRIS, M.A.) Lectures. 8vo. Lond., 1840. i/-Ordinary sermons. Better ones can be bought for a penny.
  164. QUARLES (FRANCIS). A Feast for Wormes. A Poem on the History of Jonah. 4-to. Lond., 1620. Quaint and rather bombastic verse, but full of meaning.
  165. RALEIGH (ALEXANDER, D.D.) The Story of Jonah. Cr. 8vo. 6/-Edinb., A. & C. Black. 1875. Dr. Raleigh calls your attention to every touch of the strange picture which hangs before us in the life of Jonah. Although we do not always endorse the Doctor's remarks, we can but marvel at the beauty and power of his descriptions and reflections.
  166. TWEEDIE (W. K.) Man by Nature and Grace; or, Lessons from Jonah. 12mo. Edinb., Johnstone & Hunter. 1850. S. 1/6. A good practical work, expounding the book of Jonah for Christian edification.
  167. SIMPSON (JAMES). Discourses from Jonah 1. 8vo. Edinb., 1816. 2/6. Very little in the sermons, but their titles are singularly happy, and in themselves enough to afford subjects of discourse to preachers.


    [Since there is so very little upon this book the student should refer to works on the Minor Prophets as a whole. There are some excessively rare authors and also works in Latin; but these do not fall within our range.]

  168. POCOCK (EDWARD, D.D.) See No. 835.

  169. MARBURY (EDWARD, A.M.) Commentarie. 4to. Land,, 1650. 3/6 to 5/-For Reprint, See No. 842. Here Marbury holds the field alone among old English authors, and he does so worthily. There is about him a vigorous, earnest freshness which makes his pages glow.

  170. GRYNÆUS (JOHN JAMES, D.D. 1540—1617). Haggeus, the Prophet; a most plentiful Commentary, gathered out of the Publique Lectures of Dr. J. J. Grynæus. 12mo. Lond., 1586. Grynæus was a voluminous author, and commented on most of the books of Scripture, but only this work has been turned into English, and it is now seldom met with.
  171. MOORE (T. V., D.D., of Richmond, Va., U.S.) Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. A New Translation, with Notes. 8vo. New York, 1856; Lond., 1858. 5/-to 6/6. A capital book. Most useful to ministers.
  172. PILKINGTON (Bishop). See under Obadiah, No. 843.
  173. RAINOLDS (JOHN, D.D.) Haggai; Interpreted and Applyed. 4to. 1613 and 1649. For Reprint, See No. 844. Rainolds was the tutor of Hooker, and had a main hand in our authorised version of the Bible. Bishop Hall says, "the: memory, the reading of that man were near a miracle." We ought to be enraptured with a Commentary from such a divine, but we confess that we are not.

  174. BLAYNEY (BENJAMIN, D.D.) Zechariah. A New Translation, with Notes. 4to. Oxf, 1797. 3/6. This learned author writes after the manner of Lowth, but has neither Lowth's taste nor poetic vein. His notes will not suggest sermons, but will be philologically useful if cautiously read.
  175. HENGSTENBERG (E. W.) In his "Christology" (for which See No. 67) Hengstenberg has given a thorough and elaborate exposition of the greater part of Zechariah and Malachi. He is too grammatical and dry to be generally interesting.
  176. KIMCHI (DAVID. A celebrated Spanish Rabbi. Died about 1240). Commentary on Zechariah. Translated from the Hebrew by Rev. A. M'Caul, A.M. 8vo. Lord., 1837. 1/6. This enables the English reader to see how the Jews themselves understood the Prophets, and this is worth knowing.
  177. MOORE (T. V.) See under Haggai, No. 873.
  178. PARK (I. R., M.D.) An Amicable Controversy with a Jewish Rabbi on the Messiah's coming; with an entirely new Exposition of Zechariah. 8vo. Lond., 1832. 2/- The words "entirely new exposition" put us on our guard, and did not entice us to read. The caution was needful. This author explains the prophecy spiritually, and asserts that "the spiritual is the most literal interpretation." We more than doubt it.
  179. PEMBLE (WILLIAM, M.A. Puritan. 1591—1623). A Short and Sweet Exposition upon the First Nine Chapters of Zechariah. In his Works. Folio. Oxf, 1659, and Lond., 1635. 3/6 to 5/-Richard Capel says: "Amongst the hardest bookes of Scripture the Prophets may have place, and amongst the Prophets, Zechary is a deepe, wherein an elephant may swimme, and therefore I cannot but commend the wisdom of that man of God (the author of this booke), who bestowed his; learning and his paines to open the mysteries of this Prophecie. Death ended his dayes ere he could quite finish his worke, and great weakncss hindered an intended supplement." Pemble was a learned Calvinistic divine, and his writings are highly esteemed, but not very captivating.
  180. STONARD (JOHN, D.D. 1769—1849). Commentary on Zechariah, with a Corrected Translation, and Critical Notes. 8vo. Lond., 1824. 4/-An earnest attempt to expound this prophecy; we do not think the author has succeeded, but he has written some good things.
  181. WARDLAW (RALPH, D.D.) Lectures on Zechariah. [Posthumous Works, Vol. III.] Cr. 8vo. 3/6. Edinb., A. Fullerton & Co. 1862. S. 2/6. Written in the Doctor's old age; but we prefer it, in some respects, to other volumes of his lectures. We always consult it.

  182. MOORE (T. V., D.D.) See under Haggai, No. 873.
  183. POCOCK (EDWARD, D.D.) See under Joel, No. 835.
  184. SCLATER (WILLIAM, D.D.) Brief and Plain Commentary upon Malachy. 4to. Lond., 1650. 5/' or 6/-Not equal to the general standard of Puritan comments. The editor of' the work rightly says, "the method is, for the chapters themselves, analytical; for the practical observations, synthetical." We are quaintly told that he would start the hare with any man; that is to say, he would suggest thought and leave others to pursue its track.
  185. STOCK (RICHARD, M.A. 1568—1626). A Commentary upon Malachy. Whereunto is added an Exercitation upon the same Prophecy by Samuel Torshell. Folio. Lond., 1641. [Re-printed, together with Bernard and Fuller on Ruth. Cr. 4to. 7/6. Lond., Nisbet. 1865.] See 2Va. 262. Contains a slack of knowledge, and more than a sufficient stock of quotations from the fathers. Torshell printed the book fifteen years after Stack's death, and finding it to be written for a popular audience only, he added an examination of the original and a few notes in a more learned style, to make a complete commentary. The two authors have thus composed the work upon Malachi.
  186. WATSON (THOMAS. Puritan). Notes on Malachy III. 8vo. 1682. 'This would be a great find if we could only come at it, for Watson is one of the clearest and liveliest of Puritan authors. We fear we shall never see this commentary, for we have tried to obtain it, and tried in vain.

    May God bless this effort to assist his ministers in the study of the Old Testament.

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