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Commenting and CommentariesCharles Spurgeon
by Charles H. Spurgeon
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From Spurgeon's preface: "The reader will please observe that the books most heartily recommended are printed in the largest type with the remarks in italics. Good, but more ordinary, works are in medium type, and the least desirable are in the smallest letter. Thus we hope the eye will be caught at once by volumes best worthy of attention."

Catalogue of Commentaries & Expositions


[See also under Whole Bible Nos. I—65. In many cases the New Testament may be had separately.]

  1. ALFORD (HENRY, D.D., Dean of Canterbury). The Greek Testament; with a Critically Revised Text, &c. 4 vols., 8vo. £5 2s. Lond., 1856—61. (See page 17 of this work). Rivingtons, and G. Bell & Sons.
  2.     "    "     The New Testament for English Readers. 4 parts. 8vo. f2 14s. 6d. Rivingtons, and G. Bell and Sons. 1872. (See page 18). 8c}
  3.     "    "     The New Testament Authorized Version 'Revised. Long Primer, Cr. 8vo., 6/-; Brevier, Fcap. 8vo., 3/6; Nonp. Sm. 8vo., I/6. Rivingtons, and Isbister & Co.
  4.     "    "     How to Study the New Testament. Part 1, Gospels and Acts; Part 2, Epistles (first section); Part 3, Epistles (second section) and Revelation. Sm. 8vo. 3/6 each. Lond., W. Isbister & Co. 1868. All critics speak of Alford with respect, though they consider that something better than his Greek Testament is still needed. He is, for the present at any rate, indispensable to the student of the original. With some faults, he has surpassing excellencies. We specially commend to the careful reading of young ministers.
  5. ASH (EDWARD, M.D.) Notes and Comments on the New Testament. 3 vols. Sm. 8vo. Lond., 1849—50. Remarks such as any plain, thoughtful reader would make offhand.
  6. BARNES (ALBERT). Notes on the New Testament. Blackie's edition, x I vols., Post 8vo. £: 14s. 6d. Routledge's edition, 10 vols, £ x. Everybody has this work, and therefore can judge for himself, or we would both commend and criticize. (See page 13).
  7. BAXTER (RICHARD. 1615—1691). Paraphrase on the New Testament, with Notes. 4to., 1685. 8vo., 1810. 4/-or 5/-The notes are in Baxter's intensely practical and personal style, and show the hortatory use of Scripture; but they are not very explanatory.
  8. BENGEL (JOHN ALBERT. 1687—1752). Gnomon of the New Testament, translated into English. With Original Notes. 5 vols., Demy 8vo. Subscription price, 31/6. Cheap issue, the 5 vols. bound in 3, 24/-, to subscribers. Edinb, T. & T. Clark. (See also No. 909.) See our remarks upon pages 15 and 16.
  9. BEZA (THEODORE). Newe Testament, Translated out of Greeke, by Theod. Beza. Sin. fol. Lond., 1596. 25/-The compact marginal notes are still most useful. The possessor of this old black letter Testament may think himself happy.
  10. BIBLICAL MUSEUM (The). A complete Commentary on an Original Plan. By James Camper Gray. 5 vols., Cr. 8va. 4/6 each. Lond., Elliot Stock. 1871-3. Most helpful in suggesting divisions, and furnishing anecdotes. Multum in parvo. Our opinion of it is very high. It is not critical, but popular. The author has used abbreviations in order to crowd in as much matter as possible. (See No. 5.)
  11. BLOOMFIELD (S. T., D.D.) The Greek Testament, with English Notes; chiefly original. 2 vols., 8va. Lond., 1841 8/6 to 14/-
  12.     "    "     Additional Annotations on the New Testament. 8vo. Lond., 1850. 2./6. We frequently get more from Bloomfield than from,41ford, though he is not so fashionable. His notes are full of teaching.
  13.     "    "     Recensio Synoptica Annotationis Sacrae; being a Critical Digest of the most important Annotations on the New Testament. 8 vols., 8va. Lond., 1826. 15/-to 21/-[A considerable part of this work was included in recent editions of the editor's Greek New Testament.] "It would be impassible to convey to our readers an adequate idea of the mass of information which the learned author has brought to bear upon the numerous passages which he has undertaken to illustrate, and we can safely say, that the enquirer will find very few of which Mr. Bloomfield has not given a complete and satisfactory exposition."—Quarterly Theological Review.
  14. BOWYER (WILLIAM, F.S.A. 1699—1777). Critical Conjectures and Observations on the New Testament. From various authors. 4to. Lond., 1812. 2/6. According to Orme, the best that can be said for these conjectures is, that they are ingenious; but who wants conjectures at all?
  15. BOYS (JOHN, D.D., Dean of Canterbury. 1571—1625). Exposition of the Dominicall Epistles and Gospels used in our English Liturgie throughout the whole yeere. Folio. Lond., 1638. 14/-Racy, rich, and running over. We marvel that it has not been reprinted. English churchmen ought not to leave such a book in its present scarcity, for it is specially adapted for their use. Boy, is all essence. What a difference between the John Boys of 1638 and the Thomas Boys of 1827! Note well the name.
  16. BOYS (THoMAs, M.A.) The New Testament, with a plain exposition for the use of families. 4to. Lond., 1827. 5/' Ordinary readers might be benefited by the practical observations and evangelical applications and exhortations; but students do not require this Boys' exposition.
  17. BURKITT (WILLIAM. 1650—1703). Expository Notes. Numerous editions, folio, 4to., and 8vo. Mr. Tegg publishes it in 2 vols., 8vo. 15/-S. 5/-to 8/- (See page 20). We liked Burkitt better when we were younger. He is, however, a homely and spiritual writer, and his work is good reading for the many.
  18. CHALMERS (THOMAS, D.D., LL.D.) Sabbath Scripture Readings. Posthumous Works, vol. IV. (See No. I I). The readings are not upon every portion of Scripture, neither can they be viewed as a full exposition of any part thereof They are precious fragments of immortal thought.
  19. CHRYSOSTOM. Homilies on Matthew, 3 vols., 36/-; John, 2 vols., 24/6; Acts, 2 vols., 21/-; Romans, 1 vol.; x and = Corinthians, 3 vols., 28/63 Commentaries on Galatians and Homilies on Ephesians, 1 vol.; Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians, 1 vol.; Timothy, Titus, and Philemon, 1 vol., 12/-8vo. Library of the Fathers. Lond., J. Parker & Co. The price of the volumes to subscribers is considerably less. Secondhand volumes about 5/-each. Enough of solid truth and brilliant utterance will be found here to justify this father's title of "Golden Mouth "3 but still all is not gold which fell from his lips, and to modern readers Chrysostom is not so instructive as he was to his own age.
  20. CHURTON (EDwaRD, M.A.), and JONES (WILLIAM BASIL, M.A.) The New Testament. With a Plain Explanatory Comment. 2 vols., Cr. 8vo. 21/-Lond., Murray.,869. S. 13/6. Meant for private or family reading; with brief notes and well-executed engravings. An elegant work.
  21. CRITICAL ENGLISH TESTAMENT, (The). An Adaptation of Bengel's Gnomon, with Notes, showing the Results of Modern Criticism and Exegesis. 3 vols., Cr. 8vo. 6/-each. Lond., Isbister. 1869. S. 9/-to 11/-"The editors of this valuable work have put before the Eng1ish reader the results of the labors of more than twenty eminent commentators, tie who uses the book will find that he is reading Bengd's suggestive 'Gnomon,' modifying it by the critical investigations of Tischendorf and Alford, and comparing it with the exegetical works of De Wette, Meyer, Olshausen, and others, and adding to it also profound remarks and glowing sayings from Trench and Steer."—Evangelical Magazine. We have heard this opinion questioned; but with all discounts the book is a 6cod one.
  22. CUMMING (John, D.D.) Sabbath Evening Readings. Issued as follows:raThe Four Gospels, in 4 vols., 20/-; Acts, 7/-; Romans, 4/6; Corinthians, 5/-3 Galatians, Ephesians, and Philippians, 6/-; James, Peter, and Jude, 6/-; Revelation, 7/6. Lond., Arthur Hall, Virtue & Co. 1853, &c. S. 2/-each. Dr. Cumming is always evangelical, and his style is very attractive. These works are rather for popular reading than for students; but they are good as a whole, and their spirit is excellent. The doctor has written too fast, and borrowed too much; but he interests and edifies.
  23. DALLAS (ALEXANDER, A.M.) The Cottager's Guide to the New Testament. 6 vols. 12mo. Lord., Nisbet. 1839—45. 7/6. Six volumes for cottagers! How could they ever buy them? If bought, how could they refrain from sleeping while trying to read them? The "Guide" could be of no possible use to a sensible man, except as an opiate.
  24. DALTON (W., A.M.) Commentary. Edited by Rev. W. Dalton, A.M. 2 vols. 8vo. Lord., Seeleys. 1848. 5/6. Not of use to preachers. Prepared for family reading, and mainly taken from Henry and Scott. There are quite enough of these compilations.
  25. DAVIDSON (DAVID). Critical Notes. 2 vols., 18mo. Edinb., z834. 3/-Two small thick volumes: really a pocket commentary. Although the notes are good, the student had better spend his money on larger and better books.
  26. DODDRIDGE (PHILIP, D.D. 1702—1751). Family Expositor; With Critical Notes. Many editions. 6 vols., 4to.; 5 vols. 8vo.; 4 vols. 8vo.; and 1 vol., imp. 8vo., 10/6. Lond, Tegg. "The late.Dr. Barrington, Bishop of Durham, in addressing his clergy on the choice of books, characterises this masterly work in the following terms :—' I know no expositor who unites so many advantages as Doddridge; whether you regard the fidelity of his version, the fullness and perspicuity of his composition, the utility of his general and historical information, the impartiality of his doctrinal comments, or, lastly, the piety and pastoral earnestness of his moral and religious applications.'" Later interpreters have somewhat diminished the value of this work.
  27. ERASMUS (DESIDERUS. 1467—1536). Paraphrase. Black fetter. 2 vols. Folio. Lond., 1548 and 1551. This paraphrase was appointed by public authority to be placed in all churches in England, and the clergy were also ordered to read it. The volumes are very rare, and expensive because of their rarity.
  28. GELL (ROBERT, D.D. Died 1665). Gell's Remains; or, Select Scriptures explained, 1 or 2 vols. Folio. /-.., 1676. 7/6 to 10/-A queer collection of remarks, criticisms, and fancies, in a huge volume. Baxter called Gell "one of the sect-makers." He was, no doubt, a singular man, an Arminian, and one who had great respect for "the Learned Societie of Astrologers."
  29. GILPIN (WILLAM, A.M. 1724—1804). Exposition of the New Testament. 4to. 1790. Fourth edition. 2 vols. 8vo. 1811. 3/6. Half paraphrase, half very free translation. Notes meagre. Useful to buttermen
  30. GIRDLESTONE (CHARLES, M.A.) New Testament. Lectures for Families. 2 vols. 8vo. Lond., 1835. 5/-Profitable household reading.
  31. GUYSE (JOHN, D.D. 1680—1671). The Practical Expositor. 3 vols., 4to., 1739—52; 6 vols., 8vo., 1775, &c. 8/6 to 15/-']? he day of paraphrases is past. Dr. Guyse was ponderous in style, and we question if at this date he is ever read. Doddridge's Expositor is far better.
  32. HAMMOND (HENRY, D.D.) Paraphrase and Annotations. Folio. Lond., 1675. Works, vol. III. Also in 4 vols., 8vo. Oxf, 1845. 9/' to 12/-Though Hammond gives a great deal of dry criticism, and is Arminian, churchy, and peculiar, we greatly value his addition to our stores of biblical information. Use the sieve and reject the chaff.
  33. HEYLYN (John, D.D.) Theological Lectures at Wesminster Abbey; with an Interpretation of the New Testament. 2 vols., 4to. Lond., 1749-61. 4/'-Five volumes with absolutely nothing in them beyond a spinning out of the text.
  34. KNATCHBULL (SIR NORTON, Bart. Died 1684). Annotations upon some Difficult Texts. 8vo. Camb., 1693. 2/-Much valued in its day; but far outdone by more recent critics.
  35. LANGE (J.P., D.D.) Translations of the Commentaries of Dr. Lange and his Collaborateurs. 10 vols., imp. 8vo. 21/-, or to subscribers, 15/-each. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. See under separate books.
  36. LEIGH (SIR EDWARD). See No. 44.
  37. LINDSAY (JOHN). New Testament; with Notes. [Selected from Grotius, Hammond, &c.] 2 vols. folio. Lond., 1736. 4/6. A condensation of other writers—very well done.
  38. McCLELLAN (JOHN BROWN, M.A.) New Testament. A New' Translation, Analyses, Copious References, and Illustrations from Original Authorities, Harmony of the Gospels, Notes, and Dissertations. In 2 vols., 8vo. Vol. I. The Gospels, with the Harmony. 30/-£and., Macmillan & Co. 1875. S. 12/-This work is what it professes to be, and we need say no more. It is, however, a very expensive luxury at the publishing price.
  39. MAYER (JOHN, D.D.) New Testament. 2 vols., Folio. 1631. 16/- ( Seepages 10 and 11.)
  40. MEYER (Dr. H. A. W. Oberconsistorialrath, Hannover). Commentary on the New Testament. Messrs. T. & T. Clark are issuing a Translation of Meyer's Commentary. They have issued Romans, 2 vols.; Galatians, 1 vol.; John's Gospel, 1 vol. Average price to non-subscribers, to/6 per vol.; subscription price, 21/-for 4 vols. S. 5/-each. A very learned Commentary, of which Bp. Ellicott speaks in the highest terms. Meyer must be placed in the first class of scholars, though somewhat lower down in the class than his admirers have held. Apart from scholarship we do not commend him. Alford was certainly no very rigid adherent of orthodoxy, yet he says of Meyer that he is not to be trusted where there is any room for the introduction of rationalistic opinions. Whatever credit may be due to him for accurate interpretation, this is a terribly serious drawback. It is well to be warned.
  41. NEWCOME (WILLIAM, D.D., Abp. of Armagh. 1729—1800). Attempt towards revising our English Translation and Illustrating the Sense by Notes. 2 vols., royal 8vo. Dubl., 1796. 10/-to 13/-Newcome was a critical scholar whose works enjoyed a high repute. Unhappily, the Unitarians brought out an "Improved Version," professedly based upon Newcome's:red this led the public to question Newcome's orthodoxy, but there: was little reason for doing so. Few of our readers will care for this cold literal interpretation.
  42. PENN (GRANVILLE., F.S.A.) The Book of the New Covenant; being a Critical Revision of the English Version. 8vo. Lond., 1836. 3/6.
  43. "Annotations on the Book of the New Covenant." 8vo. 1837.
  44. "Supplemental Annotations." Lond., 1838. These books are too learned for much to be learned from them; perhaps if they had been more learned still they would have been useful.
  45. PLATTS (JOHN). Self-Interpreting Testament. 4 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1827. 7/6. A sort of Biblical Commentary. A concordance will answer the purpose.
  46. QUESNELL (PASQUIER. 1634—1719). New Testament. 4vols., 8vo. Lond., 1719—1725. [The Gospels have been reprinted. 3 vols., 12mo. Glasg., 1830. S. 7/6.] A sweet and simple French writer who says many good things of a very harmless character.
  47. SUMNER (JOHN BIRD, Archbishop of Canterbury). Practical Exposition of the Gospels, Acts, Epistles of Paul, James, Peter, John, and Jude. 9 vols., 8vo. 1833 to 1851. 1/6 to 2/6 per vol. Sumner's Expositions are very mild and can generally be bought very cheap. The public are pretty good judges, and the price indicates the value. The qualities which procure an archbishopric are not such as qualify a man to be an eminent expositor.
  48. TOWNSEND (GEORGE, M.A.) New Testament. Arranged in Chronological Order. Notes. 2 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1838. S. 5/6. This harmony has always been in repute; but we confess we like the New Testament best as we find it.
  49. TROLLOPE (WILLiaM, M.A.) Analecta Theologica. 2 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1830—35. 5/-A condensation of the opinions of eminent expositors, very well executed, and useful except so far as superseded by more modern works.
  50. WALL (WILLIAM, D.D. 1645—1727-8). Brief Notes. 8vo. Lond., 1730. I/6. Explains some difficulties, but is far surpassed by other annotators.
  51. WESLEY (JOHN). See No. 62.
  52. WHEDON (D. D., D.D. Meth. Epis. Ch., America). Popular Commentary. To be completed in 5 vols., cr. 8vo. 5/-each. Hodder & Stoughton. Dr. Whedon lacks common sense, and is no expositor. He is furiously anti-calvinistic, and as weak as he is furious.
  53. WHITBY (Darer. L, D.D. 1638—1726). See No. 50. This is a part of Patrick, Lowth, &c.
  54. WILSON (WILLIAM, B.D. 1762—1800). Explanation of the New Testament by the early opinions of Jews and Christians concerning Christ. 8vo. Camb., 1838. 3/-Follows a deeply interesting line of investigation. It is not a commentary, but is too good to be omitted.
  55. WORSLEY (JOHN). Translation, with Notes. 8vo. Lond., 1770. 2-Translation second rate, criticism none, notes very short.

  56. ADAM (THOMAS. 1701-1784. Of Wintringham). Exposition of the Gospels. 2 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1837. 4/6. Short and sweet; but Adam is not the first man as an expositor.
  57. AQUINAS (THOMAS. 1224—1274). Catena Aurea. Commentary, collected out of the Fathers. 6 vols., 8vo. f2 2s. Lond. and Oxf, Parker. 1870. The Fathers are over-estimated, by a sort of traditionary repute, for we question if they are much read. This collection of extracts we always look into with curiosity, and sometimes we find a pearl.
  58. BONAR (HORATIUS, D.D.) Light and Truth. (SCENE. 6.)
  59. BOUCHIER (BARTON, A.M.) Manna in the House. Vol. I., Matthew and Mark; Vol. II., Luke; Vol. III., John. Thick 12mo. Lond.,J. F. Shaw. 1853—4. 5/-Mr. Bouchier writes sweetly, and his books aid the devotions of many families. Ministers may read them with profit; but they are not exactly intended for them.
  60. BROWN (JOHN, D.D., of Edinburgh). Discourses and Sayings of our Lord. Three large 8vo. vols. 31/6. Edinb., Oliphant & Co. 1852. S. 18/-Of the noblest order of exposition. Procure it.
  61. BURGON (J. W., D.D.) Plain Commentary for devotional reading. 5 vols., fcap. 8vo. 21/-Lond., Parker. 1870. S. 12/-Ryle says: "This is an excellent, suggestive, and devout work; but I cannot agree with the author when he touches upon such subjects as the,Church, the sacraments, and the ministry."
  62. CAMPBELL (GEORGE, D.D., F.R.S. Edinb, 1719—1796). The Gospels translated, with Notes. 4vols., 8vo. Aberd., 1814. 4/- Clear and cold. Orme says it is "one of the best specimens of a translation of the Scriptures in any language." The preliminary dissertations are valuable; the notes are purely critical.
  63. CHOICE NOTES on Matthew, drawn from Old and New Sources. [Also on Mark, Luke, and John.] Cr. 8vo. 4/6 each. Lond., Macmillan & Co. 1868—69. These are taken from the grander treasuries of Prebendary Ford (No. 955)-We have mentioned them because those who could not afford to buy Ford's books might be able to get these.
  64. CLARKE (SAMUEL, D.D. 1673—1729). Paraphrase, with Notes. 2 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1741; Oxf., 1816. 2/-We do not care for paraphrases. Clarke was a learned man, but an unsafe guide.
  65. DENTON (W., M.A.) The Gospels for the Sundays and other Holy Days of the Christian year. 3 vols., 8vo. 15/-, 14/-, and 13/-each respectively. Lond., G. Bell & Co. 1860—63. Curates will find this just the thing they need for sermonizing.
  66. [ELSLEY.] Annotations on the Gospels and Acts. 3 vols., 8vo. Lond., 1827. S. 2/6 to 4/. Wholly critical and philological.
  67. FORD (JAMES, M.A.) The Gospels, illustrated from Ancient and Modern Authors. 4 vols., 8vo. Matthew, 11/-; Mark, 10/-; Luke, 12/; John, 12/-Lond., Masters. 1856—72. S. 7/-each. Those who wish to see what the Fathers said upon the Gospels, and to read the choicest sayings of the early Anglican bishops, cannot do better than consult Ford, who has made a very rich collection. Some of the extracts do not materially illustrate the text, but they are all worth reading.
  68. FORSTER (JOHN, M.A.) The Gospel Narrative, with a Con-tinuous Exposition. Imp. 8vo. Lond., J. W. Parker. 1845. S. 3/-A paraphrase upon a good system, carefully executed, and instructive. Thoroughly Anglican.
  69. GILBY (WILLIAM S., M.A.) Spirit of the Gospel. 8vo. /,and., 1818. 2/' Interesting remarks on certain texts. All can be found in other writers.
  70. HALL (CHARLES H.) Notes, for the use of Bible Classes. 2 vols., 8vo. New York and Lond., 1857. S. 8/-This book is as full of reverence to Bishops and other Episcopal arrangements as if it had been "appointed to be read in Churches." American Episcopalians can evidently be very thorough. Notes poor.
  71. JACOBUS (MELANCTHON W., Pennsylvania). Notes. 3 vols., cr. 8vo. 2/6 each. Edinb., W. Oliphant. x 868—69. Jacobus is sound and plain, and is therefore a safe guide to Sunday-School teachers and others who need to see the results of learning without the display of it.
  72. JUKES (ANDREW). Characteristic Differences of the Gospels considered, as revealing various relations of the Lord Jesus. Cr. 8vo. 2/6. Lond.,Nisbet. 1853. S.1/6. Remarks prompting thought; containing in a small compass a mass of instruction.
  73. LANGE (J.P.) See No. 923. The Gospels are among' the best of the series.
  74. LYTTLETON (LORD GEORGE). Gospels and Acts, with Notes. Sin. 8vo. Lond., Rivingtons. 1856. S. 3[' Such remarks as most teachers could make for themselves.
  75. NORRIS (JOHN, Canon of Bristol). Key to the Gospel Narrative. Sm. 8vo. 2/6. Lond., Rivingtons. 1871 S. x/6. "Canon Norris writes primarily to help 'younger students' in studying the Gospels. But the unpretending volume is one which all students may peruse with advantage. It is an admirable manual for those who take Bible Classes through the Gospels."—So says the London Quarterly.
  76. OLSHAUSEN (HERMANN, D.D.) Commentary on the Gospels and Acts. 4 vols., demy 8vo. f2 2s. Cheap edition, 4 vols., cr. 8vo. 24/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1848—1860. Olshausen is mentioned by Alford as so rich in original material, that he has often cited him in his "New Testament for English Readers." He is one of the most devout of the Germans, and a great scholar; but we are not enamoured of him.
  77. OXENDEN (ASHTOW, Bishop). Short Lectures on the Sunday Gospels. 2 vols., 12mo. 2/6 each. Lond., Hatchards. 1869, &c. S. 3[' Why Oxenden's books sell we do not know. We would not care to have them for a gift. "Milk for babes" watered beyond measure.
  78. PEARCE (ZACHARY, D.D., Bishop of Rochester. 1690—1774). Commentary. Gospels, Acts, and x Corinthians. 2 vols., royal 4to. Lond., 1777. 5/6- A huge mass of learning, said by great divines to be invaluable. To most men these volumes will simply be a heap of lumber.
  79. RIDDLE (J. E., M.A.) Commentary. Royal 8vo. 1843. S. 3[-Choice extracts selected by the author of the well-known Latin Dictionary. Ministers should make such collections for themselves rather than purchase them.
  80. RIPLEY (HENRY J. Prof Newton Theol. Instit. U.S.) The Gospels, with Notes. 2 vols., post 8vo. Boston, U.S., 1837. S. 2/-Adapted for Sunday-School use. Simple, brief, and practical.
  81. RYLE (J. C., B.A.) Expository Thoughts. For Family and Private Use. Matthew, 6/-; Mark, 5/-; Luke (2 vols.), 12/6; John, (,3 vols.), 20/-8vo. Lond., W. Hunt & Co. [N. D.] We prize these volumes. They are diffuse, but not more so than family reading requires. Mr. Ryle has evidently studied all previous writers upon the Gospels, and has given forth an individual utterance of considerable value.
  82. STABBACK (THOMAS, A.B.) Gospels and Acts, with Annotations. 2 vols., 8vo. Falmouth, 1809. 3/6. Very useful in its day, but quite out of date.
  83. STIER (RUDOLPH, D.D.) The Words of the Lord Jesus. 8vols. in 4 8vo. 42/-T.&T. Clark. 1869.
  84.     "    "     The Words of the Risen Savior, and Commentary on the Epistle of St. James. 8vo. 10/6. Edinb., Clark. 1859. No one can be expected to receive all that Stier has to say, but he must be dull indeed who cannot learn much from him. Read with care he is a great instructor.
  85. STOCK (EUGENE). Lessons on the Life of our Lord. For the Use of Sunday School Teachers. 8vo. 4/6. Lond., Ch. of England S.S. Institute. '875. For real use a thoroughly commendable book. Teachers and preachers have here more matter given them on the lesson than they are likely to use. Admirable/
  86. TOWNSON (THOMAS, Archdeacon of Richmond. 1715—1792). Discourses on the Gospels. 2 vols., 8vo. 1810. 1/6 to 5/-Bishop Lowth welcomed this as "a capital performance." It is only so from Lowth's point of view.
  87. TRAPP (JOSEPH, D.D. 1679—1747). Notes. 8vo. 1748. 1/6. This Trapp, grandson of the famous commentator, is the author of a wretched pamphlet upon "the nature, folly, sin, and danger of being righteous overmuch." He opposed Whitfield and Wesley with more violence than sense. His work is utterly worthless, and we only mention it to warn the reader against confounding it with the productions of the real old Trapp.
  88. TRENCH (R. CHENEVIX, D.D., Abp. of Dublin). Studies on the Gospels. 8vo. 8/6. Lond., Macmillan & Co. 1874. Masterly studies on important topics. Students will do well to read also Trench's "Sermon on the Mount." We do not always agree with this author, but we always learn from him.
  89. WARREN (ISRAEL, D.D.) Sunday-School Commentary. 8vo. 7/6. 1872. An American work imported by Hodder and Stoughton. Notes slender.
  90. WATSON (RICHARD). Exposition of Matthew and Mark. Demy 8vo., 6/-; 12mo., 3/6. Lond., 66, Paternoster Row. Arminian views crop up at every opportunity. The notes are meant 'to elucidate difficulties in the text, and frequently do so.
  91. WESTCOTT (BROOKE FOSS, M.A.) Introduction to the Study of the Gospels. Cr. 8vo. 10/6. Lond., Macmillan & Co. 1860. S. 6/-Worthy of high commendation. The author knows the German 'writers, but is not defiled by their scepticism, He is a man of deep thought, but displays no pride of intellect.,4 man had need be a thorough student to value this introduction: it is not an introduction to the Gospels, or to the reading of them, but to their study.
  92. WIESELER (KARL). Chronological Synopsis of the Gospels. 8vo. 13/-Lond., Bell & Daldy. 1864. S. 4/- This important work formed the basis both of the Synopsis Evangelica of Tischen. dorf, and of the Historical Lectures on the Life of our Lord by Bishop E11icott. It is much to be regretted that so many novel, interpretations and baseless hypotheses should have marred the book; but, notwithstanding all drawbacks, it must be a masterly work to have received the heartiest commendation of the greatest scholars of the day. Only the more advanced student will care for this Synopsis.
  93. WILLIAMS (ISAAC, B.D.) Devotional Commentary. 8 vols., cr. 8vo. 5/-each, viz: Thoughts on the Study of the Gospels. Harmony of the Evangelists. The Nativity. Second Year of the Ministry. Third Year of the Ministry. The Holy Week. The Passion. The Resurrection. Lond., Rivingtons. 1873. Anglican popery for quartz, and sparkling grains of precious gospel largely interspersed as gold. We cannot imagine any spiritual man reading these works without benefit, if he knows how to discriminate.


    [As these are somewhat aside from our plan, we mention but few. That they are very numerous may be gathered from the following list given in Smith's Dictionary.—Osiander, 1537; Jansen, 1549; Stephanus, 1553; Calvin, 1553; Cluver, 1628; Calov, 1680; Chemnitz, 1593 (continued by Leyser and Gerhard, 1704); Calixt, 1624; Cartwright, 1627; Lightfoot, 1654; Cradock, 1668; Lancy, 1689; Le Clerc, 1699; Tomard, 1707; Burmann, 1712; Whiston, 1702; Rus, 1:727-8—30; Bengel, 1736; Hauber, 1737; Busching, 1766; Doddridge, 1739—40; Pilkington, 1747; Macknight, 1756; Berthing, 1767 Griesbach, 1776, 97, 1809, 22; Newcome, 1778; Priestly, 1777, in Greek, and 780, in English; Michaelis, 1788, in his Introduction; White, 1799; Planck, 1809; Keller, 1802; Mutschelle, 1806; De Wette and Lucke, 1818; Hess, 1822; Sebastiani, 1806; Matthaei, 1826; Kaiser, 1828; Roediger, 1829; Clausen, 1829; Greswell, 1830; Chapman, 1836; Carpenter, 1838; Reichel, 1840; Gehringer, 1842; Robinson, 1845, in Greek, 1846, in English; Stroud, 1853; Anger, 1851; Tischendorf, 1851.]

  94. CALVIN (JOHN). A Harmony of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Translated by Rev. W. Pringle. 3 vols., 8vo. [Calvin Trans. Soc.] Edinb.,T.&T. Clark. 1845. S. 10/6. There are older translations of this noble work, but they are less suitable to modern taste than Mr. Pringle's. Calvin only harmonized three of the evangelists, but he did his work in his usual superb manner.
  95. CLARKE (GEORGE W.) Harmony, with Notes, &c. Cr. 8vo. grew York, 1870. Worth 3/-This American author is greatly indebted to other 'works. He has produced a very handy book for teachers of youth.
  96. DODDRIDGE (PHILIP, D.D.) See No. 914.
  97. DUNN (SAMUEL). Gospels Harmonized, with Notes: forming a complete Commentary on the Evangelists. Chiefly by Adam Clarke. Thick 8vo. Lond., 1838. 3/6. Samuel Dunn has taken Adam Clarke as his basis, and then built thereon with stones from Lightfoot, Blacknight, Doddridge, Greswell, and others. It is, of course, a Wesleyan harmony, and the reader is not long before he discovers that fact; but the names of those concerned are a sufficient guarantee that it is by no means a despicable production.
  98. GREENLEAF (SIMON, LL.D., Dane Professor of Law in liar. yard University). Examination of the Testimony of the Evangelists by the Rules of Evidence administered in Courts of Justice. With an account of the Trial of Jesus. Thick 8vo. Lond., 1847. 5/' The author is an American lawyer, very learned in his profession. He has issued a treatise upon the laws of evidence, which is a standard work among his brethren. It was a happy thought on his part to apply 'the laws of evidence to the narratives of the evangelists. To thoughtful:men of all sorts, but to lawyers especially, this book is commended.
  99. GRESWELL (EDWARD, B.D.) Dissertations upon the Principles and Arrangement of an Harmony of the Gospels. 4 vols., 8vo. Oxf., 1837. 6/-to 15/-" The learned writer has greatly distinguished himself as the most laborious of modern harmonists. His work is the most copious that has appeared, at least since the days of Chemnitz's folios." So says Dr. S. Davidson. To us it seems to be prolix and tedious.
  100. LIGHTFOOT (JOHN, D D. 1602—1675). Harmony, Chro-nicle, and Order of the New Testament. Folio. 1654. 2/6. Lightfoot was a member of the Assembly of Divines, profoundly skilled in scriptural and Talmudical lore. He never completed this harmony, for his plan was too comprehensive to be finished in a lifetime.
  101. MACKNIGHT (JAMES, D.D. 1721—1800). Harmony or the Gospels, with Paraphrase and Notes. Fifth edition. 2vols., 8vo. Lond., 1819. 3/6. This author has enjoyed considerable repute and is still prized by many, but we can never bring our soul to like him, he always seems to us to be so graceless.
  102. MIMPRISS (ROBERT). The Treasury Harmony of the Four Evangelists. Thick demy 4to., 16/-Also cr. 8vo., two vols. in one, 6/-S. 3/6. Lond., Partridge & Co. Condensed and compressed. Wonderfully useful.
  103. NEWCOME (WILLIAM, Archbishop of Armagh). English Harmony, with Notes. 8vo. Lond., S. Bagster. 1827. 4/' Merely the text arranged and a few rather ordinary notes. We do not see what a man can get out of it. But, hush! It is by an archbishop!
  104. ROBINSON (EDWARD, D.D., Prof. Bib. Lit., New York). Harmony on the Authorized Version. Following the Harmony in Greek, by Dr. E. Robinson. With Notes. 8vo. Lond., Religious Tract Society. S. 1/6. Robinson's Harmony is a work which has met with great accept-once, and the Tract Society did well to bring out this work for those unacquainted with Greek. The Notes are mainly those of Robinson,' but Wieseler, Greswell, and others have also been laid under contribution by the Editor, who has executed his work well
  105. STROUD (WILLIAM, M.D.) Greek Harmony, with Synop-sis and Diatessaron. 4to. 15/-Lond.. Bagsters 1853. s. 5/6. One of the best of the Harmonies.
  106. WILLIAMS (ISAAC). See No. 981. Merely the text arranged, without note or comment.


    [Here also we can only mention a few leading works.]

    See under Gospels, especially Nos. 971, 972, 973, and 981.

  107. ANDREWS (SAMUEL). The Life of our Lord upon the Earth, in its Historical, Chronological, and Geographical Relations. Cr. 8va. 3/6. Lond., Strahan & Co. 1863. ,4 good book for a student to read through before taking up larger works. It is a standard work.
  108. BEECHER (HENRY WARD). Life of Jesus, the Christ. Earlier scenes. Thick 8va. 7/6. Lond., Nelson. 1872. Here the great genius of Beecher glows and burns; but we are disappointed with his book as a biography of our Lord.
  109. BENNETT (JAMES, D.D.) Lectures on the History of Jesus Christ. Second edition. 2 vols., 8va. Lond., 1828. 6/6. Lively popular lectures, full of matter, well expressed, and possessing sterling excellence.
  110. ELLICOTT (C. J., D.D., Bp. of Gloucester and Bristol). Historical Lectures. 8va. x 2/-Lond., Longmans. 1869. This great author stands in the highest place of honor; but having no sympathy with what he calls "the popular theology," he should be read with considerable caution.
  111. FARRAR (F. W., D.D., F.R.S.) Life of Christ. 2 vols., demy 8va. 24/-Lond., Cassell, Petter & Galpin. 1874. THE work upon the subject. Fresh and full. The price is very high, and yet the sale has been enormous.
  112. FLEETWOOD (JOHN, D.D.) Life of our Lord Jesus Christ. Also the Lives of the Apostles and Evangelists. Imp. 8va. Lond., Mackenzie. S. 6/. This has had a great run, and is to be found in farm houses and cottages. Why we cannot tell, except that the sellers of parts and numbers are fine hands at pushing the trade, and plates and pictures have caught the simple purchasers.
  113. KITTO (JOHN, D.D.) "Life and Death of our Lord." Daily Bible Illustrations. (See No. 41.) Abounds in instructive matter.
  114. LANGE (J.P., D.D.) Life of our Lord Jesus Christ With Additional Notes, by Rev. Marcus Dads, D.D. 4 vols., demy 8va. 28/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1864. We constantly read Lange, and though frequently differing from him, we are more and more grateful for so much thoughtful teaching.
  115. NEANDER (J. A.W.) The Life of Jesus Christ in its Historical Development. Translated by Professors McClintock and Blumenthal. Sm. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Bohn. 1853. Good as an answer to Strauss, but unsatisfactory from the standpoint of evangelical theology.
  116. PRESSENSE. (EDMOND DE, D.D.) Jesus Christ: his Times, Life, and Work. Cr. 8vo. 9/-Lond., Hodder & Stoughton. 1875. The above work "abridged by the author, and adapted for general readers." Cr. 8vo. 5/-There have been many discussions upon the orthodoxy of this work, but it is a noble production, and is written in an adoring spirit. The accomplished author has made a valuable contribution to the cause of truth. Yet we are inclined to agree with the writer who said, "to write a life of Christ is to paint the sun with charcoal." The life of a Christian is the best picture of the life of Christ.
  117. YOUNG (JOHN, LL.D.) The Christ of History. Enlarged edition. Cr. 8vo. 6/-/-,and., Daldy, Isbister & Co. 1869. "A work of great excellence, eloquence, and logical compactness." British Quarterly Review.


    [Here, also, we cannot attempt a complete list.]

  118. COLLYER (WILLLAM BENGO, D.D., F.A.S.) Lectures on Scripture Miracles. 8vo. Lond., 1812. 2/6. While reading we seem to hear the rustling of a silk gown. The lectures are by no means to be despised, but they are far too fine for our taste.
  119. CUMMING (JOHN, D.D.) Lectures on our Lord's Miracles, as earnests of the age to come. 12mo. Lond., 1851. S. 2/- Below the Doctor's usual mark, which is none too high.
  120. HOWSON (J. S., D.D., Dean of Chester). Meditations on the Miracles. Fcap. 8vo. 3/-Lond., R. Tract Society. [187Z.] Short, single, but deeply spiritual and suggestive.
  121. KNIGHT (JAMES, A.M.) Discourses on the principal Miracles. 8vo. Lond., 1831. 4/6. Mediocre discourses much appreciated by the clergy who borrow their sermons.
  122. MACDONALD (GEORGE, LLD.) The Miracles of our Lord. Cr. 8vo. 5/-Lond., W. Isbister & Co. 1870. Contains many fresh, childlike, and, we had almost said, dreamy thoughts. It suggests side-walks of meditation.
  123. MAGUIRE (ROBERT, M.A.) The Miracles of Christ. Sq. 12mo. Lond., Weeks & Co. 1863. S. 1/6. We have been agreeably disappointed in this book. The bad paper of/ends the eye, but the page bears many living, stirring thoughts. If the author preaches in this fashion we do not wonder at his popularity.
  124. STEINMEYER (F. L., D.D., Prof. Theol, Berlin). The Miracles of our Lord in relation to Modem Criticism. Translated from the German by L. A. Wheatley. 8vo. 7/6. Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1875. No doubt a very scholarly book, and useful to those whose heads have been muddled by other Germans, but we are weary of Teutonic answers to Teutonic scepticisms. We suppose it was needful to hunt down the rationalists, for farmers hunt down rats, but the game does not pay for the trouble.
  125. TRENCH (R. C., D.D., Abp. of Dublin). Notes on the Miracles of our Lord. 8vo. 12/-Lond., Macmillan. 1870. Brimming with instruction. Not always to our taste in doctrine; but on the whole a work of highest merit.


    [A Selection from a long list, for which see No. 1024].

  126. ANDERSON (CHARLES, M.A.) New Readings of Old Parables. Cr. 8vo. 4/6. Lond., 1876. We paid four precious shillings for this book, and find seventy pages of rubbish and fifty more of advertisements. Our readers will, we hope, profit by our experience.
  127. ARNOT (WILLIAM, D.D. Died 1875). The Parables of our Lord. Cr. 8vo. 7/6. Lond., T. Nelson. 1865. We do not consider this to be up to our lamented friend's usual high mark of excellence, but it is of great value.
  128. BOURDILLON (FRANCIS, M.A.) The Parables explained and applied Cr. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Religious Tract Society. [N.D.] Sufficiently common and commonplace. Platitudes sleepily worded.
  129. COLLYER (WILLIAM BENGO, D.D.) Lectures on Scripture Parables. 8vo. Lond., 1815. 2/- (See No. 1006).
  130. CUMMING (JOHN, D.D.) Foreshadows; or, Lectures on our Lord's Parables. Cr. 8vo. Lond., 1852. 2/- (See No. 1007). The Doctor evidently prints his sermons without much revision. They axe pleasing, popular, and (of course) rather prophetic.
  131. GRESWELL (E., B.D.) Exposition of the Parables, &e-5 vols. in 6, 8vo. Oxf, 1834. 27/-A vast heap of learning and language. The work, though padded out, stilted in style, and often fanciful, is a mine for other writers.
  132. GUTHRIE (THOMAS, D.D.) The Parables read in the Light of the Present Day. Cr. 8vo. 3/6. Lond., Strahan. 1874. Twelve Parables treated in Dr. Guthrie's lively, sparkling manner Flowers in abundance.
  133. KEACH (BENJ.) Exposition. Folio. Lond., 1701. S. 10/-, also 4 vols., 8vo. S. 10/-; and 1 vol., imp. 8vo. 1856. 10/-.4.although our honored predecessor makes metaphors run on as many legs: as a centipede, he has been useful to thousands. His work is old-fashioned, but it is not to be sneered at.
  134. KNIGHT (JAMES, A.M.) Discourses on the Principal Parables. 8vo. Lond., 1829. 4/6. (See No. 1009).
  135. LISCO (FREDERICK GUSTAV). Parables Explained. Fcap. 8vo. 5/-Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1840. S. 2/'6. Largely composed of citations from Luther and Calvin. The remarks will assist in elucidating the design of the parables.
  136. TRENCH (R. C., D.D.) Notes on the Parables. Eleventh edition. 8vo. 12/-Lond., Macmillan & Co. 1870. We do not like Trench's theology in many places, but he is a capital writer. The student will find a very complete list of expositions on the Parables in the appendix at the close of Trench's work.
  137. UPJOHN (W.) Discourses on the Parables. 3 vols., sm. 8vo. 1824. Earnestly Calvinistic sermons, full of old-fashioned Gospel. Not very original.

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