Theology from A Bunch of Dead Guys™
The Hall of Church History
The Baptists
Continue in the faith grounded and settled,
and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel,
which ye have heard" (Colossians 1:23).

he Baptists derive from two different streams. Particular Baptists usually claim a line of descent that goes back to the Reformers. General Baptists and Landmark Baptists trace their descent from the Anabaptists.
    The Baptists are probably the most diverse of all denominations. The Particular Baptists have produced several fine theologians, including John Gill, James P. Boyce, and J. L. Dagg. Augustus Strong, another well-known Baptist theologian, was an Amyraldian (four-point Calvinist).
    Baptists in the twentieth century have predominantly leaned toward the more Arminian theology of the General Baptists, but the tide may be turning, as is evidenced by the growing influence of the Calvinistic Southern Baptist Founders Conference, and the growth of the Reformed Baptist churches.

The Baptist Page

Baptists: The Only Thorough Religious Reformers

by John Quincy Adams, A.M. This John Q. Adams was not the famous founding father of America, but an American Baptist pastor who was a contemporary of C. H. Spurgeon's. He met Spurgeon in London, in August, 1868, and Spurgeon "informed him that he had used 'Baptists Thorough Reformers' as a text book in his Pastor's College, regarding it as the best Manual of Baptist principles he had met."

The Old School Particular Baptist Library

A rich collection of rare Baptist resources. Compiled and transcribed by Ron Pound.

Primitive Baptist Web Station

A wide-ranging source of information about Primitive Baptist history and beliefs.

Primitive Baptist Online Ministry

Vignettes on historical Primitive Baptist figures, historical documents, and much more. Check the "Historical Resources" section.

A Welsh Succession of Primitive Baptist Faith and Practice

A Primitive Baptist account of Baptist succession.

The Trail of Blood

J. M. Carroll's work on Baptist successionism. This is the Landmark Baptist perspective on church history. (It is a seriously flawed rendering of church history, in our opinion, because of Carroll's willingness to embrace heretics of virtually any stripe and claim them for the Baptist lineage.)

A Primer on Baptist History: The True Baptist Trail

This is, we think, a more accurate account of Baptist history than that of the Baptist successionists. This author, Chris Traffanstedt, suggests that the modern Baptist denomination originated in England and Holland in the early seventeenth century, with its roots in the Reformation.

A Short History of the Baptists

A fine, scholarly, and sensible history of the Baptist movement. Originally published in 1907.

Baptist History

A helpful collection of works from The Reformed Reader.

Did They Dip?

By John T. Christian. "An Examination into the Act of Baptism As Practiced by the English and American Baptists before the Year 1641." Much baptist and anabaptist history in this work.

John Gill's Archive

The Spurgeon Archive

Abstract of Systematic Theology

Autobiography of John L. Dagg

Baptist historian Tom Nettles writes, "For clarity, cogency, and sincerity of expression, no theological writer of the 19th century surpasses John L. Dagg." Dagg was one of the bright theologins in the early American Baptist movement. His Manual of Theology is still widely available, and part 2 of that work, "A Treatise on Church Order" is available on the Web.

The Founders Online

Information and documents about the revival of Calvinism among Southern Baptists.

Introduction to Baptist History, Then and Now

This summary from The Baptist Observer has helpful information in its description of the various views of Baptist origins, but the whole Web site is severely marred by its authors' insistence that the doctrine of biblical inerrancy is a modern novelty imposed on Baptists by extremists.

BaptistFire

Some classic (and some rather offbeat) Baptist preaching in RealAudio format. Careful—the theological slant you'll find in the written material here is (in our assessment) biblically and theologically uninformed. It is overtly anti-Calvinistic, and quite out of sync with the mainstream of historic Baptist doctrine. But it was all-too-typical of popular Baptist tendencies in the twentieth century.