A Mediator

Charles Haddon Spurgeon February 23, 1890 Scripture: Galatians 3:20 From: Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit Volume 36

A Mediator


“Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.”— Galatians iii. 20.


THE text does not strike you as difficult, but it is exceedingly perplexing to the interpreter. I was looking at one very old commentator, who is a great favourite of mine, and I noticed that he said that there were two hundred and fifty different meanings given by expositors to this verse. John Prime, in 1587, called it “an endless labyrinth.” “Oh,” I thought, “here is a nice wood to lose oneself in! Two hundred and fifty meanings!” Turning to a more modern author— a great reader, however— he said he believed that more than four hundred different interpretations had been put upon the passage. This was getting from a wood into a forest— a black forest, where one might lose himself hopelessly. Should I preach from such a text? Yes; but I must not worry you with these many interpretations. Some of them cannot be correct; some of them are, no doubt-, nearly accurate. What does the passage mean? I will not venture to say that I know; but I will venture to say that I know how to use it for a practical purpose. If the Spirit of God will help us, we shall find our way, by a very simple clue, to the practical meaning, and make use of the words for our soul’s profit.

     A mediator! What is a mediator? A mediator is a middleman, a go-between; one who comes in between two parties who otherwise could not commune with each other. Take the case of Moses. God’s voice was very terrible, and the people could not bear it; so Moses came in and spake on the behalf of God. The presence of Jehovah upon the mountain was so glorious that men could not climb the hill, and endure that great sight, so Moses went up for men to God. He was a mediator, speaking for the Lord, and making intercession for the people. This is what Paul alludes to when he speaks of the law being “ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator”; and here the apostle lets slip a sort of general statement— a truth which does not seem to be in connection with anything that goes before, or anything that follows after. He lays this down as a general rule: “A mediator is simply loses his time; but in our case God is willing to be reconciled. “Fury is not in me,” saith he. But man is not willing to be reconciled to God until grace changes his heart. If there be on your part a wish to end your quarrel, and to be friends with God, you will be happy to know that there is a mediator. Jesus stands waiting to remove the barrier that divides you from God, and to reconcile you to God by his own death.

     There must, however, in order to a mediator, an umpire, be a willingness on both sides to leave the matter in his hands. There must be a difference which they cannot remove, a difference which they wish to have removed, and a difference which they are willing to leave in the umpire’s hands. God is willing to leave our matter with Christ. He has done so. He has laid help on One that is mighty. He has qualified and commissioned him to come as an ambassador, and make peace between him and guilty men. On your part, are you willing to hand the matter over to Christ entirely, to do what he bids you, to own to what he would have you confess, to repent wherein he tells you you are wrong, to seek to be right wherein he warns you that you have failed? Will you give your case over to the mediator, and make Jesus Christ, the Son of God, to be your representative in the business? God trusts his honour in the hands of his Son Jesus. He is not afraid to leave everything that concerns his moral government and his royal character in the hands of the Well-beloved. Will you trust your soul’s eternal interests in those same dear pierced hands? If so, rejoice that there is a mediator between two parties that have long been alienated— a mediator between God and you. Take him to your heart to-night.

     V. Now we will go a step further. A mediator is not a mediator of one; but HE STUDIES THE INTERESTS OF BOTH PARTIES. Such is our Lord Jesus Christ. Coming here on earth, did he come to save men? Yes. Did he come to glorify his Father’s name? Yes. For which of these two purposes did he chiefly come? I will not say. He came for both, and he blends the two. He looks after the interests of man, and pleads the causes of his soul: he looks after the interests of God, and vindicates the honour of God, even unto death. Is he obedient, that he might magnify the law of God, and make it honourable? Yes, but he is mediator that he may deliver us from the curse of the law. Beloved, our blessed mediator is not a mediator for one. An umpire must not take sides, and a mediator that did not understand more than one side, and was not concerned for anybody but one side, would be unworthy of the name. Our mediator, the Lord Jesus Christ, has both natures. Is he God? Verily, he is very God of very God. Is he man? Assuredly, of the substance of his mother, as truly man as any man among us. Is he most God, or is he most man? This is a question not to be asked, and, therefore, not to be answered. He is my brother. He is God’s Son. Yea, he is himself God. What better umpire can we want than this divine human being, who can lay his hands upon us both, who counts it not robbery to be equal with God, and yet calls man his brother? A mediator is not a mediator of one, since he wears both natures, and espouses both causes. Oh, how dear to the heart of Christ is the glory of God! He lives, he dies, he rises again, to glorify the Father. Oh, how dear to Christ is the salvation of men! He lives, he dies, he rises again, and pleads for the salvation of sinners. He has the enthusiasm of humanity, but he has the enthusiasm of divinity as well. God must be glorified; he will die to do it. Man must be saved; he will die to do it. What a splendid mediator, who is not a mediator of one, but a mediator who takes up the cause of both sides!

     VI. In this capacity, OUR BLESSED MEDIATOR PLEADS FOR BOTH WITH BOTH; for he is not a mediator of one. A mediator, when ho would make peace, goes to this one, and he states the case, and he urges him, and pleads with him. When he has done that, he returns to the other party, and states the other side. He pleads with the one on the behalf of the other. Even so our Lord Jesus Christ comes in between God and man. Oh, how wonderful! He pleads with God for sinners, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.” And then he turns round, and pleads with sinners for God, and bids them turn to him, and be reconciled to him, since he is their Father and their Friend! A mediator is not a mediator of one. He who should come in and pretend to be a mediator, and then throw all the blame on one party, and care only for the interests of the other party, would not be a mediator, but a partisan. But, in this case, here is One who has something to say, not in vindication, or excuse for sin, but in pleading for mercy to the sinner. He has something to say to magnify the justice of God, and yet ho cries for mercy. He prays, “Have mercy, O God! Have mercy upon the guilty!” I think that I have got the run of this text, somehow, if I cannot give you the exact meaning of the words. This meaning lies hidden within the words: a mediator is not for one, but he studies the interests of both.

     VII. It is, then, most clear that A MEDIATOR MUST HAVE TWO PARTIES TO DEAL WITH, or else his office is a mere name. An umpire is chosen to keep order between two sets of people; but if only one set shall put in an appearance, you may go home, Mr. Umpire. There is evidently nothing for you to do. “A mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.”

     Now, to-night my Lord is here to be a mediator. God is willing to be reconciled to men; but if there be nobody here to be reconciled, if the preaching of to-night has no relation to anybody here, then it is quite clear that the office of Christ cannot be exercised. He cannot be a mediator unless there is a sinner here to be reconciled. Where is he? My Lord the mediator holds his court to-night, and sits hero as an ambassador; but what can he do unless I can find him out the other party; unless I can find out the offender, the guilty one; and unless, finding him out, the Spirit of God shall bring him to say, “I wish to be reconciled to God, and I put my case into the hand of the great interposer”? If there is no sinner in the world, then there is no Saviour in the world. How can he save if men are not guilty, and do not need saving? I tell thee, sinner, thou art necessary to Christ’s doing any business! A man is a surgeon, and puts a brass-plate outside his door. Go and tell him that there is nobody ill in the parish. Prove to him that within ten miles there is nobody who has so much as a cold or a toothache: the good man may take down his brass-plate, and go and spend a month in the country. It breaks a doctor up if everybody remains in health. Now, if to-night everybody here has kept God’s law, and is innocent, guiltless, and fully at one with God, my Master has no mission here, nor have I. I have no need to speak of him to you, for “they that be whole need not a physician; but they that are sick.” Therefore come I forth in the name of the mediator, to ask whether there be not some sinner here who will confess his guilt; some enemy of God, who will ask for peace; some giddy young man who has lived without God until now, who will pray to be reconciled to him. If so, you make work for my Master. You give him something to do in that divine office of mediator, in which he takes such a delight.

     And mark you this: in the case of a mediator, or umpire, the more difficult the case, the greater is the honour that comes to him if he can compose it. If there be a very stiff quarrel between you and God, I commend to you my Lord as mediator; for he never failed yet to settle any dispute, and at this time he says, “Him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.” Solomon was great in handling hard matters, but a greater than Solomon is here. If thy life be all in a tangle and a snarl, he can put it straight. If thy differences with God are too solemn and weighty to be stated in words; if they press thy life out of thee, if they rob thee of sleep, if they bring thee down to hell’s door; yet still my Lord the mediator can settle every difference, and make peace between thy soul and God. Art thou willing that he should exercise his office for thee? If so, the worse thy case the greater will be the credit that will come to my Lord as mediator, when he has removed every difficulty for thee.

     Do not be afraid because there are so many sinful ones here, and such great numbers of you are still the enemies of God. I do not only invite one of you to come, but I would say: Come all, and the more the merrier. My Lord will have the greater honour if he composes this quarrel in hundreds of cases, all varying, but all grievous. You may come, the whole of you, and he will not shut his door against you. If you go to see some eminent doctors of this city, you must get there early in the morning, and wait almost till night before your turn comes round; but there will be no waiting with my Lord and Master. If you wish to be friends with God, the mediator is ready to compose the difference, and to send you away happy in the love of the Most High.

     “But may I come?” says one. May you come? When Christ sets up to be a mediator, why should you not use him as a mediator? I do not ask the doctor’s pardon when, feeling ill, I knock at his door. He has put up his name as one that is willing to deal with the sick, and therefore I seek him. I take no liberty in coming. If he has undertaken an office, let him do his office. Poor guilty wretch, afraid to come to God, behold Christ puts up the name of mediator with intent that he should be used as such! He is the way of access to the Father. Come and use him for what he professes to be. Believe that he is able to do what, by his name and his official title, he claims to do. Now come, and be reconciled to God through Jesus Christ his Son, the mediator.

     I have been nearly forty years now trying to preach. I cannot get at it yet. Oh, that I knew how to put this, so as to move every soul to come to God, and sue for peace! How willing must God be to be at peace with men, when he provides a mediator between himself and them! How readily ought you to come when Christ’s honour and glory depend upon men’s trusting their cases in his hands! I ask again, what is a mediator if no case is trusted to him? A king without a crown, a shepherd without a flock, a farmer without land, a physician without sick people— these are all in a poor plight. And Christ without sinners, where is he? His name is an empty thing, and his glory gone. Come, then, ye chief of sinners, come to Christ, and leave your case with him!

     VIII. But I close by noticing that, although it be necessary, when the mediator begins, that there should be two parties— for he is not a mediator of one, and God is one— yet when the case ends, A MEDIATOR MUST MAKE THE TWO ONE, OR HE HAS NOT SUCCEEDED. Our Lord Jesus has broken down the middle wall of partition. He has really reconciled those who stood apart. Christ has done this for so many that I should like you sitting in the gallery to say, “Why should not he do it for me?” Hung up in Christ’s private chamber there is a record of ten thousand quarrels between men and God that he has ended. Why should he not have my name among them? Why should he not end the quarrel between me and God? Why should he not reconcile me to the Father, so that the Father should give me the kiss of peace? He has never failed in a case yet. Some of the very worst cases have been submitted to his umpireship; but he has always succeeded. They know not in heaven of a single defeat of our Lord; and the gloomy shades of hell cannot reveal a single failure on the part of Christ, in the case of one poor, condemned, guilty soul, that came to him and said, “Make my peace with God.” He was never obliged to say, “I cannot do it.” There is no such instance. Come, my friend, if thou hast lived to be eighty, an enemy to God, thou mayest yet become his friend through this mediator! Come, my hearer, if thou be young and full of vigour, and if thy passions have led thee far away from purity, so that God may well quarrel with thee, thou mayest come at once, just as thou art, and Christ will make up the quarrel between thee and God! His pardoning blood can take away the guilt that angers God; and the water which flowed with the blood from his dear pierced side can take away the propensity to rebellion within thine own bosom. Surely I ought, by such words as these, to comfort some souls, and lead them to Jesus.

     Reconciliation, wrought out by Christ, is absolutely perfect. It means eternal life. O my hearer, if Jesus reconciles thee to God now, thou wilt never quarrel with God again, nor God with thee. If the mediator takes away the ground of feud— thy sin and sinfulness— he will take it away for ever. He will cast your iniquities into the depths of the sea, blotting out your sins like a cloud, and like a thick cloud your transgressions. He will make such peace between you and God that he will love you for ever, and you will love him for ever; and nothing shall separate you from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. I have heard of some mend-all which so puts the pieces of broken plates together, that the articles are said to be stronger than they were before they were broken. I know not how that may be. This I know: the union between God and the sinner, reconciled by the blood of Jesus, is closer and stronger than the union between God and unfallen Adam. That was broken by a single stroke; but if Christ join thee to the Father by his own precious blood, he will keep thee there by the inflowing of his grace into thy soul; for who shall separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord?

     One thing more I have to say. Remember, if you refuse the mediator whom God appoints, you do peremptorily refuse to be at peace with God. You could not have found a mediator; you cannot discover another now. There can be no other so every way suitable to come between us and God, as the God-man, Christ Jesus; bleeding on the cross to put away our sin, and risen from the dead to proclaim that we are justified. Now, if God takes out of his own bosom his own Son, and gives him up to die, that he may make peace with us, and we refuse him, we mean endless war with God. That is what it comes to. If you will not have Christ, you are baring your arm for an eternal conflict with the Almighty. You are putting on your helmet, and girding your sword, to fight with your Maker. You are rejecting peace when you reject Christ. I am sure that it is so. You are choosing war with the Lord of hosts. Well, sirs, if you will have it, you must have it; but I would implore you to repent at once of your insane choice. How can you fight with God? Why should you fight with God? To battle with God is to battle against your own best interests, and to ruin your souls. Heaven, the only heaven that a creature can have, is to be at peace with his Creator. There is no peace unto the wicked. How can there be? The only hope that we can have is to be agreed with God. If he has made me, he has made me for a purpose. If I fulfil that purpose, I shall answer the end of my being, and I shall be happy. If I do not fulfil that purpose, I must be unhappy; and in choosing to be the foe of God, I have chosen my own eternal damnation. God help us to repent of such a choice; and may we now lay hold on Christ the mediator, and trust ourselves with him, that he may make peace between us and God; and to his name shall be glory for ever and ever! Amen.