Christians Kept From Sin

Charles Haddon Spurgeon April 25, 1907 Scripture: 1 Samuel 25:32-33 From: Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit Volume 53

No. 3037
A Sermon Published On Thursday, April 25th, 1907,
Delivered By C.H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington,
On Thursday Evening, January 13th, 1870

“And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: and blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand.”— 1 Samuel 25:32-33.

THESE verses are taken from the story of David’s coming into contact with Nabal the churl. Nabal was a great sheep-master, and David and his six hundred men had been specially careful not to injure his flocks, but had protected them from any pilfering that might have been practiced by wandering bands of desert rangers. At that time, Nabal was shearing his sheep; and David, who was in some measure of necessity, thought it a suitable time to ask something from him, according to Eastern custom, in return from the services which he had rendered to his shepherds. So he sent ten of his young men to ask Nabal for the backsheesh; but, instead thereof, they received an insulting message to take back to their master. Thereupon, David—who seems to have been always of a quick spirit, whether for right or for wrong;—who made haste to obey God’s commandments, but who made equal haste to obey his own impulses,—girded on his sword, and bade every man do the same, and declared that they would march to the house of this churl, Nabal, fall upon him at once, and destroy him, and all that appertained to him, root and branch. While he was marching in haste to carry out his stern determination,—as God’s infinite goodness would have it, Abigail, the wise wife of the foolish Nabal, met him, and confessed that her husband was a man of Belial; pleaded that she herself had not seen the messengers whom David had sent, besought him to accept the provisions she had brought, and urged David to leave the avenging of himself to God, so that, when he came to be king, it should be no grief of heart to him that he had shed blood needlessly, or had acted as his own avenger. David who had grace in his spirit although he was on his way to do wrong, felt the force of Abigail’s rebuke, sheathed his sword, thanked her, and thanked the Lord, too, that he head thus been preserved from committing a great sin, which might have left a great stain upon his character, and been a source of trouble to him for the rest of his life.

Learn from this, dear brethren, that the best of men need to be always on the watch, lest, in some sudden temptation, they should be carried off their feet. You may fancy that you have no occasion to fear certain forms of temptation, but you do not know what you may do. The wall of resolution may be strong in one particular wind; but let the wind only blow from another quarter, and the wall may speedily fall. You may think yourself to be strong simply because, as yet, you have not been tested and tried as you will be sooner or later; and then, in a single moment, when you are least prepared for it, you may be overthrown. Remember our Lord’s words to his disciples, “What I say unto you I say unto all, Watch;” for, in such an hour as ye think not, temptation may come upon you; and woe be unto you if you are not found watching. Therefore, commit yourselves unto the Lord, and “watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation.”

Here, too, we may observe what a blessed thing it is when, in hours of crisis, the God of all grace is pleased to interpose to preserve us from committing a certain sin into which we had almost fallen. Our steps had well nigh slipped; but, just then, the Lord sent some angelic messenger to us, even as Abigail came to David. For that almighty love which has manifested itself in restraining grace, let us render grateful songs of thanksgiving as we look back upon our past lives, for we can scarcely tell how often we should have dishonored our character and our profession if it had not been that God came to our rescue, and kept back his servants from presumptuous sins.

The subject upon which I am to talk to you, as the Holy Spirit shall graciously guide me, is the great blessing of being prevented or preserved from sin; I shall speak, first, upon the blessing itself; then, for a few minutes, upon the means which God employs to secure it; and then, thirdly, upon the great blessedness of which we may be partakers if we endeavor, like Abigail, to prevail with others so as to prevent them from going into sin.


It is an unspeakable blessing to have sin forgiven. We cannot measure the heaped-up blessedness of the man whose transgression is forgiven, and whose sin is covered. But, surely, there is a very special favor rendered by God’s grace to those who are kept from the grosser sins into which so many others fall, and who are converted early in life after having been hedged about by divine grace, and not suffered to plunge into the foul kennels of iniquity in which others riot and revel. Those who are thus preserved not only have to sing of repenting grace, as they must do however purley they may have lived; but they can also tell of the restraining grace of God which would not let them wander into the paths of the destroyer as others did.

To be kept from sin is to be kept from many evils; for, in the first place, sin has such a hardening effect upon the conscience. There is no man who ever sins without having some trace of it left upon his mind and heart. For one thing, it is more easy for him to sin the next time. An impulse has been given, and a habit begun, which will make it almost inevitable that he shall fall into that particular sin again. He who has served Satan once will be likely to serve him ten times; and, on each succeeding occasion, he will serve him more vigorously and readily. He will not need nearly as much temptation, but will go greedily after evil when the habit of sinning has taken firm hold upon him; but there are some who have been kept from overt acts of evil, and so, when they hear the gospel, they receive it like good ground into which the seed falls, and brings forth abundant fruit; but there are others, who, because of iniquity, are like the highway trodden hard by the feet of many, and when the good seed falls there, the birds of the air find it an easy task to steal away the grain because it has not penetrated below the surface. Do not imagine that you can live for twenty, thirty, or forty years in sin, and yet be just as likely to be converted as anybody else is. I know that God can, if he pleases to do so, call you at the eleventh hour as easily as at the first; but yet, as far as you are concerned, if you harden your neck, you have no right to expect that he will do so, but rather to expect that you shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without this hardening process may not even begin within our mind and heart.

Besides, he who sins in a little way makes that sin, as it were, a steppingstone to something worse. David wisely prayed, “Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults. Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall innocent from the great transgression.” He seemed to feel that he would not go on to the great transgression if he was restrained from presumptuous sins, and he was right in thinking so. You dear young people, who, through the Lord’s lovingkindness and tender mercy, have been brought up among gracious influences, know that you have sinned, and that your sin has done your soul such evil as only God’s grace can remedy; yet you may thank the Lord that you have not been permitted to learn to sing the song of the drunkard, or to live an unchaste life, or to forsake the assembly of God’s people, and so put yourselves out of the reach of the usual means of grace, as perhaps you would have done, by this time, if you had not been checked while you were children. A gentle streamlet, if it be suffered to flow unhindered, becomes at last a foaming torrent that sweeps away its own banks, and causes loss and damage far and wide. Thank God that the current of your life was checked and guided while it was but a streamlet; may the torrent of sin never overflow your character and career.

There is this blessing about being restrained from sin, namely, that it saves us from much sorrow in after life. It should be no grief or offense of heart unto David, said Abigail, to think that he had shed blood causelessly, or had avenged himself. No sinner, when converted, although God has forgiven him, can ever forgive himself; and no child of God, although God has blotted out his sin, can ever blot it out of his own memory as long as he is here on earth. You can see that David was a different man, after his great sin, from what he had been before. He still sang psalms to God, but there was a hoarseness about his voice which was not there before his great transgression. His psalms were psalms of sorrow, whereas before they were glad and joyful psalms that tripped to lightsome music. I remember once hearing a strange sort of preacher say that sin did a believer no hurt;—a more terrible doctrine than that could drop from no man’s lips, but then he added,—”except that it destroyed his peace of mind;” and it seemed to me that such a result as that was hurt enough even if there was nothing else. “He that wears the herb called ‘heart’s-ease’ in his bosom,” says Bunyan, “is a happy man even though he sings in rags;” but he whose heart smites him, as David’s heart did, need want no harder blow. May those of you who are unconverted be preserved from gross sin, and may those of us who are saved be preserved from falling by temptation into any evil, lest we have to wring our hands in anguish, and go with broken bones to our graves.

Further, he who is kept from sinning has to bless God that the consequences of his sin upon others are averted. It is a dreadful thing to know that there will be some in heaven who were the means of sending others to hell. I have sometimes wondered what must be the emotions of those who have sinned—especially in the foulest sense,—when they themselves are converted, but find themselves quite unable to induce their fellow-sinners even to listen to the gospel. Mr. Whitefield tells us that, as soon as he himself had tasted that the Lord was gracious, he tried to think of all the companions with whom he had been accustomed to play cards, or to indulge in any kind of sinful sport; and he thanked God, he said, that he never gave himself any rest until he had done all that was in his power to bring them to the Savior. You, my friend, were an infidel once, and you are a believer now; but you cannot recall the words that you spoke in those past days. You may refute, to your own satisfaction, the arguments you then used, but you cannot so readily make others see the force of your refutation. You, my brother, were wont, at one time, to use language which was unclean; you abhor it now, and you rebuke it when you hear it from another; but you cannot make others forsake the habit which they learned from you. You cannot get out of your boy’s memory that song which you used to sing in his hearing; you cannot get out of your daughter’s heart that evil word which she heard you utter; it must go on rankling for ever in her spirit, and doing everlasting mischief unless the sovereign grace of God shall intervene to prevent such a calamity. What a blessing it is to begin with God in our youth before we have helped to pull down the walls of Zion, or even cast a stone against them! It is an unspeakable blessing to be saved in old age, and to be able to sing of triumphant grace which has blotted out innumerable iniquities; but it must be—at least on this side of heaven,—a cause of constant regret to such a late penitent that he should have wrought so much evil which it is not possible for him to repair.

Besides, dear brethren, it is always a blessing to the Christian—to whom I speak now,—to be kept from sin, for thus his character is preserved; and much of his influence for good will depend upon his own character. When backsliders are restored, we cannot help standing in some doubt concerning them; and let them afterwards live as carefully as they may, it will be very difficult for them ever to honor the church as much as they have dishonored it. If there be but one cataract in a river, only one in a thousand miles, everybody hears about it, and it is marked on the map; but if another river should flow on smoothly, gladdening the meads on either hand, and bearing navies out to sea, it would not cause such a noise as that one cataract would make. In like manner, a holy life is not talked of, by an ungodly world, one half so much as one unholy act of an inconsistent professor. How they delight to speak of that! How they roll the story of the sins of God’s people under their tongues as sweet morsels! You may repent of your backsliding, you may become even more zealous afterwards, as you should do; but, my dear brethren, after having once stained your escutcheon, it is not easy to wipe out the blot. It is infinitely better to be kept true to our first profession until we enter into heaven, upheld and preserved by the love and grace of God.

And, only once more upon this part of the subject, you may rest assured that even if sin be forgiven, and grace enters the heart, never is it better to sin than not to sin. There is a house on fire. Well, we are grateful if the fire-engine comes rattling up almost immediately, if the water supply is abundant, and if, by great exertions, every life is saved, and much of the property is preserved from destruction. Yet it would have been a greater blessing if there had not been any conflagration at all. There is serious sickness in the home; but the physician is skillful, the nurse is wise and watchful, the disease takes a favorable turn, the man’s life is preserved, he is restored to health, and is thankful for his recovery; yet he would rather not have been sick. There is a wounded soldier; he is carried on an ambulance to the hospital, the surgeons extract the bullet that injured him, and bind up his wounds; the man is ultimately restored to the ranks, but he will carry to his grave the scars of the wounds that he has suffered. It would have been a great deal better for him if he had not been wounded at all. So is it with the wounds that sin hath made. Let the results of evil be never so well removed, it can never be better for any of us to fall into sin than to be kept out of it. It if were otherwise, it would look as if sin were not that damning thing that God’s Word tells us it is; it would seem as though it were but a trifle, and that there was no need of Calvary’s cross, or of all the wondrous arrangements of everlasting wisdom and love for the saving of men from sin and its awful consequences. Let us cry to God, my brethren, that we may be kept from sin. may this be our prayer night and day, “Lord keep us even from vain thoughts; but, above all, keep us from any acts that would be dishonoring to thy holy name!” We do not want to sin in order that we may know what sin is like; we do not want to plunge into evil for the sake of being washed from it; we do not want to go into this horrible pit and this miry clay for the sake of being drawn out of it; our earnest desire is that we may be kept from the grosser forms of sin till we are saved by sovereign grace, and receive the new nature which is the portion of the children of God; and that, after that, we may walk in all well-pleasing to the glory of God our Savior.

Now, secondly, let me remind you of SOME OF THE WAYS IN WHICH GOD KEEPS US FROM SINNING.

He does this, of course, in the grandest way by the work of his grace within our soul. There is no protection against sin like the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. If the evil spirit goes out of the heart of man, and it be swept, and garnished, if the good Spirit does not come and dwell there, seven other spirits, yet more wicked than the first, will return to take possession. There is no way of keeping out the fire of sin except by having the fire of grace blazing within the spirit. We must fight fire with fire. Let thy soul be filled with all the fullness of God, and the, when the prince of this world cometh to thee, he shall not be able to overcome thee. The grace of God is the great antidote to sin.

But God also uses other means, even before their conversion, to keep some from the grosser sins and vices in which others indulge. Among these, there is, first, early education. There are some who, happily, have never known the sins which others have for ever to regret. They have been like plants kept in the hothouse; they have never been tried by the frosts of this vile world. Be very thankful for this if it is true concerning you, but do not regard it as a substitute for being born again. Remember that you, who are the most amiable, the most excellent, the most zealous, the most honorable, the most dissolute, and the most profane. Regeneration is an absolute necessity before any soul can enter heaven, and you must not be satisfied with anything short of that; yet you may be grateful if, like Timothy, from a child you have known the Scriptures, or if, like Samuel, you have been brought up in the house of the Lord from your very early years; for, thus, you have been kept from much sin into which others have fallen.

Christian association, too, is of the utmost value in helping to keep us from sin. There may be here a young man, who has just come to London, after leaving that quiet country town where he was accustomed to attend the services at the little meeting-house; and it may be that there is a strong temptation upon him to throw off all the restraints of his past life, and to hide himself among the thick trees of this great wood of London, and there to indulge himself in sin from which he has been hitherto preserved. My dear friend, if you desire everlasting ruin, this may be your fatal choice; but that you may not even wish to make such a choice, I strongly urge you to endeavor to from associations with Christian young men before you have been laid hold of by the active servants of Satan who are lying in wait for you. Come and join one of our Bible classes, or the Young Men’s Christian Association, or find out some Christian friends somewhere or other. From associations and acquaintanceships which, if they do not actually bring you to Christ, may at least keep you from going far astray from the path which your godly parents have always desired you to tread. May the Lord grant that, instead of your deciding for Satan now that you are left to yourself, a sense of responsibility may so press upon you that you may decide, through the Holy Spirit’s power, for the Lord Jesus Christ! If, this very night, you, as a newcomer into this great city, should surrender yourself to the Savior, what an eternal blessing it would be to you! The Lord grant that it may be so, and he shall have all the praise. Still, if you are not at once converted, Christian association will be very helpful in keeping you from outward sin.

And you, my brethren and sisters who have grace in your hearts, will often find that association with warmhearted Christians is one of the very best ways of keeping you from evil. Some of our church-members have gone to live in the country where they have been able only to worship with a cold and indifferent congregation, where the minister has not been more than half awake, and I have observed very serious declension in their spiritual life. When I have met them afterwards, and have ventured to speak to them about it, they have told me that it seemed like going from hothouse into an ice-well, and they confessed that they did not feel as earnest as once they did. O Christians, do prize any association with God’s people that is possible to you! If any of you are in positions where you can enjoy Christian fellowship, and you have the opportunity of earning ten times as much money in another position where you must give up that fellowship, do not do it. It is always a loss to Christians to lose the communion of saints. No amount of wordly prosperity can ever make up for the loss they will sustain by leaving an earnest gospel ministry and an affectionate people. Thank God that he makes use of your brother-believers to help you in the road to heaven, and often to restrain you from sin.

The Lord, too, is pleased very frequently to make use of our position in society to keep us out of evil. I mean this—some men have always been poor, although they have tried again and again to rise above the level of their poverty. Once or twice they have almost succeeded; yet, not from want of ambition nor lack of industry, but as though God’s providence were at cross-purposes with them, they have always had to come back to that same spare diet and tiny cottage. My dear friends, the Lord knew that you could not bear to be rich. Had he permitted you to possess more than you now have, you might have become proud and wordly. It was better for you to live near to God in poverty than to be a backslider and be rich. I believe that many of the reverses which God’s people suffer in trade are preventives from sin; when the Lord sees them beginning to launch out, and to speculate, and perhaps to become associated with some rich man who has no grace in his heart, the Lord says, “My servant is going on very dangerous ground; I must stop him before he is lost;” and he soon does it. The man’s substance takes to itself wings, and flies away, and thus he himself is rescued from the threatening danger.

Some are preserved from sin by physical infirmities. “Well,” said one who was lame, “I believe I should never have run in the way of God’s commandments if it had not been for my lame leg.” “Ah!” said another, “and I sometimes think that I should never have seen Christ if I had not been blind.” Just because their infirmities incapacitated them for enjoyment of the world, they were made to look for higher enjoyments, and to seek that spiritual health which is everlasting. Blessed are the lame and the blind who enter into heaven; and blessed are they who have but one eye, yet who enter there, while some who have two eyes are cast into hell.

Others, doubtless, have been kept from sin by severe sicknesses. These come to us, I believe, not by chance, but by divine ordination. We say to one another, “I cannot think where I caught that disease;” or, “I cannot imagine why such-and-such a sickness should have come to me.” Perhaps you were more out of danger on your bed than you would have been anywhere else just then. Had you been out of that bedroom, you might have been in a position of very serious trial which you could not have been able to endure. I can bear my witness that, at least in some of my many sicknesses, I have been able to see the reason for them as plainly as I can see that twice two are four. Even when we cannot see the reason, God knows that there is a reason for it; and if we cannot see it, it may be all the deeper, and may lie all the nearer to the very heart of our Christian life. Your sicknesses, and pains, and griefs, and depression of spirits, and all sorts of trials are often sent to you just to prevent you from sinning; they tether you, like the horse that was in a meadow with a clog on him, and a friend said to the owner, “I wonder that you clog such a fine horse as that; it seems such a pity.” “Well,” replied the owner, “I would rather clog him than lose him; and if I did not clog him, I should lose him. He has a habit of jumping hedges and ditches, and we cannot keep him unless we clog him.” So, my brother, you have a clog, because the Lord would rather clog you than lose you; he would sooner make you suffer here than permit you to suffer for ever in hell.

Once again, God’s people have very often been kept from sin by remarkable providences; and some, who are not yet the Lord’s people, have been kept from certain forms of sins by very remarkable interpositions of divine providence. You probably all remember the story of the Quaker who, one night, felt an irresistible impulse to rise from his bed and ride to a neighboring town. When he got there, he stopped at a house where he saw a light in an upper room, and he knocked, and knocked, and knocked again, and at last a man came to the door to ask what he wanted at that time of night. The Quaker replied, “Perhaps, friend, thou canst tell me, for the Lord has sent me to thee, but I do not know why he has done so.” “Come upstairs,” said the man, “and I think I can tell you.” There he had fixed a rope with which he was about to put an end to his life, but God had sent his servants to him just in time to prevent the contemplated crime. Such striking providences as that may not happen to all or any of us, for we may not require them; but they do happen to some people to prevent them from sinning against God. It may be also that the providences, which do not appear striking to us, do appear striking to those holy angels who minister to God’s people, and who bear them up in their hands lest they should dash their feet against a stone, and who constantly adore the wisdom and goodness of God in interposing to keep his servants from going aside into sin. The wheels of providence, which are full of eyes, have those eyes continually fixed upon us, and those wheels are ever revolving on our behalf to God’s glory.

No doubt many have been kept from sin by a message to their conscience, either through a minister, or through a tract, or through a text which they read in the Bible, or a kind remark from a friend. There are members of this church who, in the Lord’s gracious providence, owe their salvation to a word spoken to them in the street. There is one especially who was tapped on the shoulder just as he was going into a theater, and who was entreated—by one who did not know him personally, but who had mistaken him for somebody else,—not to go into such a place as that, but to come with him that Thursday night, and listen to the preaching of the Word. It was remarkable that such a mistake as that should have been made, but it was a blessed mistake for him, and he rejoices this night that he finds himself in God’s house, numbered amongst the Lord’s people.


This matter was put very plainly under the Old Testament command, “Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in anywise rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him.”

Yet, under the Christian dispensation, I am afraid that we are very negligent in our endeavors to prevent sin. Some of us, it may be, think a great deal too much of our dignity. No doubt we are very respectable people, though everybody does not know it, and does not treat us with the respect we feel is due to us. Perhaps we suspect others of not being all they ought to be; and, then, of course, our attitude towards them is not what it used to be. Then they begin to have hard thoughts concerning us, and in that way Satan has reason to rejoice because Christian people are weaned from each other, and very grievous sin is caused by the roots of bitterness that are thus planted in the soil of the church. Now, my brother, suppose that somebody did treat you very disrespectfully, instead of your saying, “I will be avenged on him,” suppose that you say to yourself, “If he were to treat me as I really deserve to be treated, God knows that it is very little respect I should receive from him. The man has slandered me this time; but if he knew what my faults really are, he could hit me in a much more tender part.” It is sometimes said that, when a boy is flogged wrongfully, “If he does not deserve it now, he probably has deserved it at some other time when he has not had it, or he will deserve it in the future.” So, if a rebuke should come to me wrongfully, I will lay it by in case I need it at another time. A Christian man sometimes says, “If you tread on a worm, it will turn;” yes, I know it will, but I hope you do not consider a worm an example for a Christian man, especially when you have the Lord Jesus Christ to be your Exemplar. If you tread on a worm, it will turn because of the pain you have needlessly caused it; but if you are trodden on by another person, and you are a Christian, you will forgive him, and try to do him good. “Do my lord of Canterbury an ill turn,” it was once said, “and he will be your friend as long as he lives.” Happy are they who kill their enemies by heaping coals of fire upon their heads. Do so, my brother, whenever it is possible to you, and do not sin by standing if it is necessary, as well as a door-keeper in the house of the Lord; and, in that way, you will be all the more honored, for “he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.”

It may be that, in certain company, we may hear talk that is not what it ought to be, and there may be some wit or merriment connected with that talk; but if so, we must not laugh at it, because, though we might laugh at the wit, others might suppose that we were enjoying the evil that was mingled with it. It is well for a Christian to put his foot down firmly in such a case as that, and to say very distinctly, “As far as your mirth is proper, and there is nothing in it that is defiling, I am willing to join with you, for I also am a man, and am of a cheerful disposition; but you are going too far now, and I must enter my protest, for I cannot, by my silence, give my consent to such talk as that.” You ought to do that, my brethren, and you would often find that there would be some who would thank you for doing it. Have you never heard how Mr. Wesley once stopped a man from swearing? He was riding on the top of a coach, and there was an officer in the army there who kept swearing, so Mr. Wesley at last very gently said to him, “My dear sir, I want you to do me a great favor.” “What is that, sir?” asked the officer. “Why,” said he, “if you should hear me using profane language during this journey, I wish you would kindly tell me of it.” “I see,” said the officer, “what you mean, and I appreciate your kindness.” You might, perhaps, if you did that, receive a stormy reply, and make the swearing person worse; still, you would have done your duty by rebuking the sin gently and affectionately.

How often we might prevent sin if we could come in just when some are on the very verge of doing wrong. Perhaps you say that you have a pastor to do this work; but I have often told you that, in such a church as this, you must all be pastors. With four thousand two hundred members in one church, what can even two pastors do; what can all the elders and deacons do? The only hope for the church is that God will watch over you all, and that you will all watch over one another. You who are elderly, you who have been kept faithful long, you who have the respect of your fellow-members,— you, perhaps, know of inconsistencies springing up. If so, do not go and talk about them, especially to those outside the church. “It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest;” so, instead of talking to others, go and speak to the offending one. Thou mayest thus, perhaps, be the means of saving a soul from death, and hiding a multitude of sins. May God grant thee wisdom, grace, discernment, and affection to deal rightly with such cases! Let it be the resolve of every Christian man and woman to imitate Abigail’s wise way of turning David from his evil matter, but use to this end that winning way you have. I expect Abigail pleaded far better with David for Nabal than any man could have done, for she was a woman of understanding, and her beaming countenance caught the eye of the hasty and angry warrior, and he paused awhile to listen to her wise words, and so she won what she set out to gain. I pray that you may all use the powers which God has given you, not to lead others into sin, nor to confirm them in it, but to hold back, as far as you can, all who are about to commit any act of transgression.

May God add his blessing to this message, for the Redeemer’s sake! Amen.