The King-Priest

Charles Haddon Spurgeon September 21, 1879 Scripture: Zechariah 6:13 From: Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit Volume 25

The King-Priest 


“He shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall he a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.” — Zechariah vi. 13.


LET US first look at the historical setting of this passage. It would seem that three Jews of the captivity had come from Babylon with a contribution towards the building of the temple at Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua. Their names are given in the tenth verse of the chapter before us. Now, the Jews at Jerusalem had become exceedingly exclusive, and in some measure rightly so. They would not accept help for the building of the temple from the Samaritans because they were a mixed race, but they said to them “Ye have nothing to do with us to build a house unto our God, but we ourselves together will build unto the Lord God of Israel.” Possibly they had begun to feel some coolness with reference to the captivity at Babylon that inasmuch as they did not come back to their own land their descent must be proved before they acknowledged them. If they would not quit the ease and comfort of the towns in which they were settled, and come up to Jerusalem to work with their brethren could they be sure that they were really Israelites. At any rate there would need to be some enquiry into their pedigree that they might not be receiving help from Samaritan pretenders. There was, however, no difficulty about the acceptance of the offerings in this case, for the prophet Zechariah was bidden to hasten down that same day and meet the three worthy Jews from Babylon. He was to accept for the Lord the tribute which they had brought, and make of it crowns of silver and gold. He was then to go with these brethren and Josiah, the son of Zephaniah, their host, down to the temple, call for the high priest, Joshua, or Jesus, the son of Josedech, and place these coronets of silver and gold upon his head. This was to be done, not as an honour to the individual, but as a prophetic token that there would in due time arise one who would be a priest crowned with many crowns. This illustrious personage, who is called “the Branch,” was to spring out of the decayed house of David, like a shoot from a tree which has been cut down even to the stump: according to the prophecy of Isaiah, “and there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.” (Is. xi. 1). He was to be both a priest and a king, even as David had prophesied in the hundred and tenth Psalm — “The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.” Now Melehizedek combined the king and the priest in one person, as also doth our Lord Jesus of whom Zechariah spoke. This royal priest was to build the real temple of God, which the temple at Jerusalem could never be, for the Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands. It was also intimated by the prophet that as at that particular time men had come from afar, and had brought offerings to the temple, so in the days of this great priest-king many should come from the uttermost ends of the earth, and should themselves be built into the temple of the Lord God. This is the historical setting of our text: now we have to learn its spiritual lesson. May the Holy Spirit be our instructor.

     Last Sabbath morning we spoke of the foundation of the temple of God. We saw how

“The church’s one foundation
Is Jesus Christ, our Lord.”

We may not forget that he who is the foundation is also the builder of the spiritual house: “He shall build the temple of the Lord; and he shall bear the glory.” There is but one who is the time architect and master-builder of the church of God, even Jesus Christ. His hands have laid the foundation of the house, his hands shall also finish it. So great is the fulness of our Lord Jesus that no figures can exhaust his character; he is not only foundation and builder, but he is the “head stone of the corner”; the pinnacle as well as the basement, the Omega as well as the Alpha, the finisher as well as the beginner. He begins, he carries on, and he completes the divine structure of the church, and when all this is done, it is he that establishes the structure, provisions and furnishes it, keeps and preserves it, and, best of all, it is he that is the glory in the midst, dwelling in the church, as a monarch in his own halls, and making it to be a palace as well as a temple. It is the Lord Jesus who walks among the golden candlesticks of the church, who loads her table with bread and wine, and sends forth his rod of power from her midst. As a King as well as a Priest he dwells in his palace-temple. As the Shekinah was the glory of the tabernacle of God among men in days of old, so is the presence of Jesus the glory of the church at this hour. “Lo, I am ever with you; even unto the end of the world” is our pillar of cloud and of fire, our glory and our defence.

     Our text tells us that the promised builder of the spiritual temple will inhabit and build it in his double character as priest and king. The church is built up by none other than by this Melchisedek, and it is built by him in virtue of both his offices as king and priest. As king he puts forth power, and as priest he displays holiness; as a king he uprears the walls, and as a priest he sanctifies them unto the Lord. At this moment it will be well for our faith to open her eyes and look up into heaven itself and see our great Priest-King sitting at the right hand of God exalted, and yet at the same time working by his Spirit among men for the perfecting of his church below. Our Solomon is both reigning and building. Of his throne we may well say “there was not the like in any kingdom,” and of his temple we may also add that it is “exceeding magnifical, of fame and glory throughout all countries.”

     I shall try this morning to set our Lord Jesus before you, as far as I can, in that double glory which is peculiar to himself: in the majesty of his royalty and the holiness of his priesthood. Such lights meet not in any other star. To no one else belongeth the royal priesthood, save only that he reflects his own brightness upon his brethren, whom he hath made to be priests and kings.

     The subject will run thus: first let us consider the glorious combination of offices in the person of Christ; secondly, let us notice the happy result of it— “the counsel of peace shall be between them both”; and then, thirdly, let us suggest the action on our part which is harmonious thereto; — make crowns and set them upon the head of Jesus.

     I. First, then, I want you to consider at this time THE GLORIOUS COMBINATION which is found in the person of Jesus Christ our Lord.

     Note, first that he is King, and of him as king it is written, “he shall sit and rule upon his throne.” One has the idea of ease suggested by the expression. Few kings have been able to sit and rule, but they have been forced to rise and rush hither and thither to defend their sovereignty. No other seat in the world is so uneasy as a throne. We have seen monarchs elevated by their soldiery, or borne aloft by the fickle throng; bayonets or ballot boxes have been the frail supports of their thrones. The later centuries have been a sorry time for kings. As once men feared to be thought prophets, so might men in revolutionary times have cried out each one, “I am not a king nor the son of a king.” But our Lord Jesus sits upon a throne which knows no trouble; once for all has he bled and died, but now he has gone into his glory never to be disturbed again. The Lord who hath set him on the throne by an unalterable decree hath his enemies in derision, and Jesus waits in perfect rest until his foes shall be made his footstool. Publicly recognised as King of kings by the divine enthronement which his Father has given him, he is not a king warring for a disputed crown, nor battling to drive invaders from his realm, but he sits and rules upon his throne.

     Sitting is the posture of abiding as well as resting. Jesus reigns on, and will reign on so long as the moon endureth. “Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever.” Even we, who are yet young, have seen dynasties come and go, and we have seen the kingdoms of the earth moved and tossed to and fro as the waves of the sea, yet the throne of Jesus has not been shaken, for it is written, “The Lord sitteth upon the flood; yea, the Lord sitteth King for ever.” “The Lord is great in Zion, and he is high above all the people.” “The Lord shall reign for ever and ever.” Hallelujah.

     As a King, he is described as sitting upon his own throne. He has not usurped the throne of another, but his right to sovereignty is indisputable. He has well deserved to be King of men since he is their Redeemer. His Father hath given him a crown as the reward of the travail of his soul, even as he promised “Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he hath poured out his soul unto death.” He sits upon a throne which he has won by conquest, for he has vanquished the powers of darkness, and led captivity captive. His right to his throne can never be disputed, for it is accorded to him by the enthusiastic suffrages of all his people. Do we not sing

“Bring forth the royal diadem,
And crown him Lord of all”?

There is no monarch so secure as he. He is really and truly King by right divine. He is King by descent, for he is Son and heir of the Highest. He is King by his own intrinsic excellence, for there is none to be compared to him. And he is King by his own native might and majesty, for he himself holds the throne against all comers, and shall hold it till all enemies shall be under his feet. Thus is he spoken of as King.

     A hint or two is given as to his position as priest, namely, that he is first priest before he is King, for so was the type in the text. Jesus the son of Josedech was already high priest, and then he was crowned with the gold and silver crowns. Now, the kingdom of which we speak to-day it not that of Christ’s essential royalty as by nature divine, and therefore Lord of all, but that which his Father hath given him, because, “Being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Jesus reigns because he died. For the suffering of death he is crowned with glory and honour. The saints in heaven sing, “Thou art worthy to take the book and to open the seals thereof, for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood.”

     We note, too, with regard to our Lord’s priesthood that he is said to sit, for if he sits as king it is implied that he sits as priest: indeed, it is expressly said, “He shall be a priest upon his throne.” Now, of no other priest is it said that he sitteth, for the apostle saith, “Every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.” There was no seat provided within the holy place for Aaron, or for any of the priests; they were servants of God, and they stood daily ministering. “But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; from henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.” Jesus sitteth still for evermore in quiet expectancy, for all his work is done: no merit to be wrought out to complete his righteousness, no sufferings to be endured to perfect his atonement. “It is finished,” he said as he gave up the ghost, and it is finished; and in token thereof Jehovah saith unto him, “Sit thou at my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool.” So far, then, we have a glimpse of the King sitting on his throne, and of the priest, crowned, and resting from his labours.

     Thus far we have seen each office, now we are to see the two combined in the Lord Jesus: and to make the combination clear we shall notice, first, that as a priest he is royal; and then, secondly, that as a king he is priestly. Consider, now, that as a priest our Lord is royal. He was a priest when he honoured the law by his own death: he was a priest when he took upon himself our sin, and bore it, offering his own soul as the victim upon the altar of his body: he was to the full a priest when he presented his one sacrifice for sin, but never let it be forgotten that even then, in his nature, he was a king. The sword of vengeance awoke against the man who was Jehovah’s fellow even when he bled. The laws which he vindicated had been ordained by himself; and it adds a special glory to his priestly work of atonement that it was wrought by the royal Lawgiver himself. The subject broke the laws, but it was the King who bore the penalty. He that is under law offendeth, but he that made the law came under the law that he might make amends to the injured honour of his own justice. This was a notable deed of love and of justice combined. Let us confide the more surely upon the sacrifice of our great High Priest, because of the dignity of his nature, and the supremacy of his rank, even when he made himself of no reputation and took upon himself the form of a servant.

     Our Lord stooped to the lowest service for our sakes when he was acting a priest among us in these lower realms. He presented himself as an offering for sin, and men scourged him, and spat upon him; and hung him up like a felon, and in all this shame and suffering we look to him as our Saviour. Thus he made expiation for sin. But though we are to look to him in that capacity for the pardon of sin, as men sought cleansing of a priest, we must never forget that now he expects homage from us, and we must come to him for government as men pay obedience to a king. Think of him as the crucified One as much as you will, for as such he is your atoning sacrifice, but remember that this same Jesus which was crucified God hath proclaimed to be both Lord and King. Trust in the man of the thorn-crown must foster and nourish reverence for the Lord who weareth many crowns. We must not only trust but worship. We must never dissever from that shame and spitting the fact that the four living creatures and the elders prostrate themselves before the Lamb, and sing unto his praise, “Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood.”

“Salvation to God, who sits on the throne,
Let all cry aloud, and honour the Son;
The praises of Jesus the angels proclaim,
Fall down on their faces and worship the Lamb.”

     O you that come to him to-day laden with guilt and full of fears, to wash yourselves in the fountain which he filled from his own veins, you must also come to obey him, and to walk in his statutes. You may not come to him merely that you may get your sins forgiven, you must come to be cleansed from the power of evil, and to yield yourselves unto God. Jesus was given that he might be a leader and a commander to the people, as well as their deliverer and Saviour. A true disciple looks to his Master for ruling as well as for teaching, and he expects to render obedience as well as to receive instruction. There may be no separation between these two points:— our priest to save must ever be regarded as our king to rule. He puts away sin, but he expects to reign over the forgiven spirit; he washes our feet, but he looks that we also practise his precepts and example of love, for he says— “Ye also ought to wash one another’s feet.”

     At this moment in heaven, if your eyes of faith can see the Lord Jesus, you perceive that he is pleading for his people as a priest. It is a priest’s duty to offer intercession for those over whom he is appointed; and this Jesus does continually. Hath he not said, “For Zion’s sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest”? He ever liveth to make intercession for them that come to God by him. But do not forget that our Lord does not make intercession otherwise than royally. There is no prostration now amidst the olives of the gloomy garden, no bloody sweat, no strong crying and tears. He saith not, “Not as I will, but as thou wilt,” but he urges his suit in another fashion. The interceding priest has laid aside his blood-stained garments and put on his robes of holiness for glory and for beauty. Jewelled breastplate; ephod of gold and blue, and purple and scarlet; mitre and fine linen and gold; and girdle of needlework the High Priest wore on favoured days; all typical of the glory of the Lord Jesus now that he has gone within the veil. With authority he pleads with God from the throne of his power. He asks and he has; he speaks and it is done; for the intercessor of the saints before the throne of God is now the King immortal, eternal, invisible, the only wise God, our Saviour. Oh, what prevalence there is in his plea, and when we give him our cause to plead, how confident we may feel that the blessing will come to us.

     As a priest our Redeemer not only pleads with God, but he blesses the people. It was the work of the high priest to pronounce the benediction over the house of Israel. Jesus does that, but he does it royally; I mean he does it with the power of a king as well as with the commission of a priest. He does not merely wish us good, but he works us good. There is omnipotent sovereignty at the back of the priestly benediction. He that speaks and declares his people to be justified, accepted, preserved, and blessed is he who can make good his words. The benediction of Jesus the Priest is the benediction of Jesus the King. Let us rejoice and be glad in this.

     And now, beloved, it is as a priest that Jesus sends out his gospel to the ends of the earth. In that gospel he invites men to come to him that he may purge them from their uncleanness. To-day he speaks by us, his ministers, and bids men come to the great Priest that he may heal them of their leprosy, and deliver them from all manner of defilement; but, mark you, it is an invitation from a King as well as from a priest, and he that rejects it shall be counted guilty of disloyalty and high treason. “He that believeth not shall be damned.” It is not, O sons of men, that Jesus offers you salvation, and leaves it to you whether you will have it or not; but if you reject it your rejection will be required at your hands. Beware, ye despisers, and wonder and perish. The invitation to the wedding of the great King is made freely, of his voluntary bounty, but if any who are bidden shall refuse to come the King will be wroth, and send forth his armies against those who thus proclaim their enmity. Jesus is not only priest, asking you to come to him and receive of his forgiving love, but he is a King as well, who will break with a rod of iron all that dare to trample on his blood, and slight his priestly grace.

     Thus I have put forward the combination in one form, and testified that Jesus as a priest is right kingly in all that he doth. Let us now turn the other side of the truth towards the light, and see that as a King he always retains his priestly character, and in the deeds of his sovereignty he acts not otherwise than as the high-priest of his people.

     The Lord Jesus Christ is King over all at this very moment. He reigns over the whole world, and, notwithstanding all this hurly-burly of affairs, this perpetual clamour of wars and rumours of wars, his kingdom ruleth over all. Our Lord is master of the game, and he shall surely win at the end. “The government shall be upon his shoulders.” But, blessed be his name, our Lord’s kingly majesty is ever softened and sweetened by his priestly tenderness, else he would have crushed this world out of existence long ago. If rule had been all, and mercy had not claimed her share, justice would have swept away this rebellious race. If Jesus were not priest as well as King he would say to his angels, “Go and smite that nation which refuses my gospel. Destroy antichrist that lifts his triple crown against my sole sovereignty. Go and scourge that favoured nation which, having the gospel of peace, yet chooses war, and with high looks and lofty words provokes bloodshed.” He does not destroy, because his office is to forgive and save. A priest must show longsuffering, gentleness, and compassion, for to that end is he taken from among men and ordained for men in the things of God. Such is our Lord: “He is not slack concerning his promise, but he is longsuffering to usward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” This longsuffering of the King leadeth to repentance: its intent is man’s salvation. We, who are short of patience, cry eagerly to him, “Come, O King. Come, O King but he answers, “I tarry yet a while in mercy that still more may be gathered to my name, and may wash themselves in my atoning blood.” Think of this, my brethren. Do not lower Christ’s sovereignty, but at the same time learn to see it shining with gentler beams through the medium of his priestly character.

     And, now, to-day, among his servants Jesus alone is King, and as a king he commands us. He lays certain laws upon his servants, and he bids us teach all men to observe his statutes; but, oh, it is so sweet to think that our King in Zion is also a faithful and merciful high priest, touched with a feeling of our infirmities, ready to help us, and prompt to forgive us. My brother, though Jesus commands thee, yet he pities thy weakness, and helps thee to obey. He has given thee a law, hut he knows thy feebleness, and so he gives thee grace to keep it; ay, and when thou dost not keep it he hath pity upon the ignorant, and upon them that are out of the way, and thy sins of ignorance and of transgression he continues still to put away. When his servants were about him here on earth, he not only gave his commands to them, but he prayed for them that they might be kept from disobeying in the hour of trial, and he restored them when they had fallen. He not only ruled his little band of followers, but he kept them in the name of the Lord. He was their king, and their priest too. Read the commands of Jesus with becoming reverence, for he is your king; but let them not distress you, for he knows your weakness and will help you to do what of yourself you are incapable of doing. He is a king, but the priestly garment is always over the kingly vesture: whatever the ornaments of his imperial splendour, he is still clothed with a garment down to the foot. The priesthood covers all, and removes all cause of dread from every believing mind.

     The same is true of our great King when he goes out to war. He is the Lord mighty in battle; in righteousness he doth judge and make war. The psalmist crieth, “Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty. And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king’s enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.” But the wars of Christ are not like the wars of earthly monarchs. His sword is not in his hand, but it goeth out of his mouth, and with this he smites and rules the nations. He is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood, but it is his own blood. Every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this is a warfare of another fashion, for he wrestles not with men, but with their sins; not with princes and armies, but with falsehood and iniquity. His victories are not those of mighty men who return from the fray, amidst the groans of widows and the cries of orphans; but his bloodless triumphs make glad the poor and the oppressed, and only crush down principalities and powers and spiritual wickednesses in high places, bringing good to all who seek his face. He is a king, but evermore the patron and true priest of men.

     Among ourselves at this day, beloved, we who know him delight to own him as our king. O Lord Jesus, thou greater Joseph, the shepherd and stone of Israel; all our sheaves pay obedience unto thy sheaf, and all thy father’s children bow down before thee. Thou more glorious Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise, unto thee shall the gathering of the people be. The chief among ten thousand and the altogether lovely art thou. Yes, beloved, this glorious one is our brother, and delights to be regarded as a priest taken from among men, being one of ourselves, able to sympathize with our infirmities. Our Lord is higher than the highest, and yet he stoops as low as the lowest. He is kingly even to deity, and yet so truly a priest that in all our afflictions he is afflicted. He is not ashamed to call us brethren. Ruler of our race, he is yet partaker of our flesh and blood, and he is acquainted with all its sorrows. True king, and yet true priest.

     Thus I would have you blend the idea in both ways, and see Jesus as a royal priest and a priestly king.

“Jesus, the King of glory, reigns
On Sion’s heavenly hill;
Looks like a lamb that has been slain,
And wears his priesthood still.”

     Such is your Lord. May your view of him be clear, your faith in him be firm, your love to him be fervent, your joy in him be overflowing, and your obedience to him be constant. Trust the Priest and serve the King, and ever pay your vows unto him who is “a priest upon his throne.”

     II. Secondly, and very briefly, we shall now meditate upon THE HAPPY RESULT of all this. The text says, “The counsel of peace shall be between them both.” I confess myself unable dogmatically to interpret this passage, for there are no less than three possible meanings. I must give you them all, and leave you to judge for yourselves. The most natural reading, to my mind, is this— that when we shall see in the person of Christ the king and the priest combined, the counsel of peace shall be between them both. These offices, the king and the priest, being combined in one, shall make a deep and lasting peace for us, a peace arranged by the deep thought and counsel of God, and therefore full of wisdom, truth, and certainty. When we see the Lawgiver himself making atonement for our transgressions we have peace indeed: when ruler and Saviour meet in one person the rest is sure and profound. Beloved, if this be not the meaning of the passage, it is at least a precious truth. If we want peace we can only obtain it by knowing Christ as priest and king— the counsel of peace must lie between these two. Oh, do you know Christ, my dear hearers, as your priest? Have you seen him offering sacrifice for your sin? Does he stand instead of you before God? Do you present your prayers and your praises to God through him? Well, then, you have begun to know what peace is, for peace comes through the blood of Jesus the priest— peace by his righteousness, peace by his sacrifice. But if, knowing this, you are still in trouble of heart, remember that you need to know him also as your king. When he subdues your iniquities, when the power of sin is taken away as well as the guilt of it, then you shall know the perfection of peace. “Take my yoke upon you,” saith he, “and learn of me, and ye shall find rest unto your souls.” It is not in a mere belief in Christ as your Saviour that you will ever get perfect peace, it is by yielding up yourself unto him that he may rule and reign over you completely. This man shall be the peace when he is Lord as well as priest. As long as your will rebels against your Redeemer’s rule you cannot have unbroken rest. It is idle for you to talk about trusting in the blood of Jesus unless you submit to his sceptre. The cross itself cannot save you if you divorce it from the crown. Your Saviour must be a priest upon his throne to you; his blood must be on your conscience, and his yoke must be upon your neck. There is no counsel of peace until it is between both these: the kingly priest, the priestly king, alone can make and maintain the peace of God within you. That is a great and deep truth: may we learn it well.

     But it is thought by some wise men that the text means the counsel of peace shall be between Jehovah the Father, and the Son. I am not sure that such a meaning would suggest itself to every reader, and as the most obvious meaning is generally to be preferred, I will not contend for this second meaning. However, as an interpretation it is certainly not too far-fetched, and, even if it cannot be sustained, it is certainly a very great truth. It is between God, the Eternal Father, and Jesus Christ, our Melchizedek, or king-priest, that the counsel of peace has been established on our behalf. You never know God so as to have peace with him till you know God in human flesh. Only the incarnate God can end the trouble of your spirit. Ay, and it must be that incarnate God, bleeding, suffering, dying, making expiation for sin, and then rising to the throne and ruling over all, that must be seen before you can perceive how the infinitely glorious Jehovah can be at peace with you. God in covenant is God at peace with man. There was a counsel between the Trinity at the making of man, “Let us make man”; and so also there was a counsel between the divine Persons at the redemption of man,— the counsel of peace is between them both. It is a joy for us to know that between Jesus our priest-king and the everlasting God peace has been established for us, peace which never can be broken. Our first covenant-head broke the treaty, and left us at war with God, but the second Adam has fulfilled and established the covenant of grace, and believing in his name we have peace with God.

     But there is a third meaning, and although I am not sure of it as the sense here, it is assuredly a blessed truth, and appears to me to be congruous with the connection. Let me go back to the historical circumstances. Here were these three men that had come from Babylon. The prophet is to take them to the house of a Jew resident in Jerusalem. There might be some little differences between these men and the Jerusalem Jews. These Babylonian Jews had not come up to dwell in Jerusalem: but Josiah the son of Zephaniah was a resident there, and he might have demurred, and have said, “We cannot take your present to the temple because you do not bring yourselves and come to abide with your own people.” No, but they were to go up, together, bearing the gold and silver crowns, and put them upon the head of the priest. They were to go up in unity and love, and they were to furnish in their own persons types of other far-off ones who should come to the great crowned priest whose coming the prophet had foretold. Thus said the prophet, “They that are far off shall come and build in the temple of the Lord, and ye shall know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto you.” Now, certainly, it is in Jesus Christ the Priest and King that the Jews who were nigh, and the Gentiles who were afar off, are brought together, and made one. In him the middle wall of partition is broken down, and the counsel of peace is between us both. The day shall come when our glorious Lord shall be more clearly manifested than now in the glory of his second advent, and when the Jews shall behold him as the priestly king, and bow before him; then shall the fulness of the Gentiles also be gathered in, and the Lord Jesus Christ shall reign over the whole earth. May that day speedily dawn! We have reason to expect it; therefore, let us pray for it and strive for its on-bringing. Jesus the Priest and King is the uniter of the divided nations. Jew and Gentile are, after all, of one blood, and one God is the Father of all; why should they not become one? “One touch of nature makes the whole world kin”; but one touch of Jesus Christ shall do it infinitely better, shall do it once for all.

     III. I close with the third point, which was this, THE ACTION WHICH IS HARMONIOUS WITH THESE TRUTHS. The connection of our text suggests to us to do exactly what the prophet Zechariah advised the Babylonian Jews and Josiah to do. I will read you what he said:— “Take silver and gold and make crowns and set them upon the head of Joshua ” or Jesus. This is what is to be done.

     First, “take.” “Take silver and gold.” That is, bring the choicest things you have. If Jesus Christ be a priest, should you not bring your offerings to him! If Jesus Christ be a king, should you not bring tribute to your king! If you have gold and silver, bring them, for to him shall be given of the gold of Ophir. If you have talent, which is much more valuable than gold and silver, bring ability, tact, genius; bring all the acquisitions of learning, all the acquirements of experience, and all your natural gifts, and consecrate them all to him. Whether you have these or not, bring your heart, which is more precious by far, the very essence of your being; make this a crown for Jesus. Come, bring your soul, your life, your all. Has he redeemed you? Then be his for ever. Is he your king? Do not mock him with a half-hearted service; be loyal to such a sovereign, and serve him with spirit, soul, and body. Take silver and gold and bring them unto him. Bring your whole being to him.

     What next? — “Take”; then “make”: “make crowns.” Come, my brethren, I invite you to this occupation. You say, “We are neither goldsmiths nor silversmiths.” Nevertheless, make crowns. Try your hands this morning, and make crowns for Jesus with such material as ye have. Fashion the crown of memory. Think of what he has done for you from the first day until now. Interweave and intertwist the recollections of the past: hammer out the gold of gratitude, set in it the gems of love, and make a coronet for his dear head. Make crowns by holy contemplation and thought. Think how great your Lord is, and how great he deserves to be — how blessed, how ever-blessed. Then make crowns of purposes of what you hope to be and do. Plot and plan within your spirit something you have not yet done, which you are able to do before you go home to heaven. Look out some child you may teach, some sinner you may woo and win, some treasure you may spend for Jesus, some precious promise you may whisper in the ear of the distressed, some holy enterprise you may suggest to earnest youth. Make crowns!

     It seems to me so sweet that it should be said, “Set them upon the head of Jesus.” Brethren and sisters, let us crown him ourselves. We hope to do so in heaven: let us do it here. Our love shall be the gold, our praise shall find the gems, our thanksgivings and our humble labours shall furnish the silver, and then we will set the golden chaplets about his brow, which once was rent with thorns for us. Coronets for Jesus! Coronets for Jesus! Crowns for our priestly King! Let us make and bring them.

     I return to that blessed precept, “Set them upon the head of Jesus.” Whenever we have made a crown let us take care to put it on his head ourselves. Have you never, when you have been doing something for him, or giving something to his cause, wished that you could present it to him personally. Well, you may do so in spirit, and that is as much a matter of fact as if you did it bodily. With your shoe from off your foot, let your spirit draw near to Jesus, and in thought offer to his own self the deed which you have wrought. Speak to him, and tell him that this is done for him alone. I do not know a greater pleasure upon earth than to think of something you can do for Jesus, and then to do it for him, and to tell him so,— “Jesus, I did it all for thee. I thought not of my brethren’s praise, nor do I think of it now, but I did this deed unto thee alone. Here is the best crown I can make, and I put it on thy head.” The love of Jesus will suggest and produce many a deed which else had never been done. If you have a beautiful alabaster box it is not pleasant to break it, and if you have choice ointment it is not according to nature to pour it out upon another. No, but when you are before his feet, the feet of Jesus your Lord, then is it a delight to break the alabaster box and to pour out its fragrant contents for him. The utmost waste is economy when it is done for him, and to sacrifice strength, soul, health, life, is to save it all, when it is spent for him. Where should it go? Where should my all go? For what should my bodily frame be consumed? Where should my soul be poured out but for his honour? Do you not feel it so? You will if you distinctly recognise that he is king and priest. You will bring crowns and put them on his head if you know who and what he is.

     And what is said last? It is said that this should be a memorial to those three men and to the brother who had entertained them. I suppose these crowns of silver and gold were hung up in the temple, and when anybody said, “What are those crowns yonder?” it would be answered, “Those are coronets which were made by order of the prophet Zechariah, by Heldai and Tobijah and Jedaiah, who came from Babylon, and they are in memorial of those men, and in memorial of the hospitality of Josiah the son of Zephaniah, who entertained them at his house when they came. They are hung up in the temple in honour of the coming priestly king, and in memorial of those four men who presented an offering to the Lord.” It seems very wonderful that God should allow in his house memorials of his servants, but he does so; and our great priestly King allows memorials of his people in his temple now. We shall never forget, shall we, while the world standeth the sacrifice of Paul, and how he made crowns and set them on the head of Jesus? Never while the earth lasts shall we forget the sacrifice of John, and Peter, and James. Nay, the church will not forget the sacrifices of Luther, and Calvin, and Zwingle, and Wycliffe, and the holy lives and ardent ministries of Whitefield and Wesley shall not be forgotten in the church, because they made crowns and set them on the head of Jesus. “Oh,” say you, “but we must not remember men.” “Nay,” say I, “but we may remember men, and women, too, for our Lord has set us the example. ‘Wheresoever this gospel is preached there shall this which this woman hath done be mentioned for a memorial of her.’” My Master thinks much of his people, and in the plenitude of his great goodness the little things which they do for him are had in remembrance. Did he not say of Cornelius, “Thy prayers and thine alms have come up as a memorial of thee.” This is sweet to think upon. While our King-priest shall have the crowns, and wear them, yet we, if we bring love-tokens and honourable spoils to him, shall be remembered, too, in that day when he shall award the praise to his people, saying, “Well done, good and faithful servants.” The Lord whom we serve will immortalize our service by uniting it with his service. We shall rest from our labours, but our works shall follow us. The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance, they shall shine forth as the sun when their Lord’s glory shall be revealed. Their priest shall make them priests, their king shall make them kings, and they shall for ever be filled with the vision of the priest upon his throne. So may it be with us. Amen.

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