War with Amalek

Charles Haddon Spurgeon September 23, 1866 Scripture: Exodus 17:8 From: Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit Volume 12

War with Amalek


“Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.”— Exodus xvii. 8.


THERE were two great trials which the children of Israel had to endure in passing onward to the promised rest, — their wants and their enemies; but I. must add a third, which sprang out of these two by reason of the unbelief of their hearts; that third evil, far worse than the other two, was their sins. Probably, my brethren, you have found out by now that you could contentedly endure your wants, and could courageously contend with your foes, if you were not weakened and hampered by your sins. A man’s worst foes are those of his own household. As for Israel’s wants, I think Israel may be congratulated in having known them; for, suppose they could have brought with them enough provision from Goshen, or could have been supplied by trading purveyors, they would never have been honoured to feed upon the manna which dropped from heaven; and suppose a canal had been digged for them to flow at the edge of the whole road of march, or that they could have found a succession of wells hard by the spots where they pitched their tents, then they never would have drank of that marvellous rock whose flints gushed with water, of which the apostle tells us that it was Christ, or an eminent type of Christ. They were gentlemen-commoners upon the bounty of heaven; courtiers fed from the table of the King of kings; they were lifted up to eat angels’ food; they were satisfied with royal dainties. In this light, they are to be congratulated for their wants, for, if they had not known hunger, nor thirst, neither had they eaten manna, nor had they drank the water from the rock. And you, beloved, are much in the same case. The day will come when in clearer light than this, you will thank God for your necessities, and be of the same mind as the apostle, who said, “Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me;” and again, “for when I am weak, then am I strong.” You will thank God that your necessities were the platform for his providence to display its care upon, that the very wilderness was a boon to you because he prepared a table for you in the midst of it, and might have left you to prepare one for yourself, if it had not been a desert place. As for the enemies which beset the children of Israel, I was about to say they might almost be congratulated on account of them too, for, fierce as they were, yet they could never have had victories if they had not known battles. The foemen of Israel were but so many sheaves for Israel’s victorious sword to reap; as the wild beasts of the wood yield food to the hunter, so were the haters of Israel as a prey unto their valiant men. Over every enemy of his people the right hand of the Lord was gloriously exalted. You too, brethren, you will have reason to thank God for all your enemies. If your life were one of perpetual peace, it is clear there could be no triumphs; if there were not campaigns of warfare, there would be no shouts of them that triumph, no trophies to hang up in the halls of memory. Oh if we can be kept from sins, if we can be preserved from their power, we may be thankful for wants, and even thankful for foes when we look at them in the light of the fiery pillar of God’s promised presence. But our sins! our sins! our sins! what shall we do with them? If it were not for the victorious blood by which we conquer, we might lie down in despair; for who among us is, alone and unaided, a match for his sins?

     This morning we thought of considering the war with Amalek as a typical representation of the experience of God’s people, and our prayer is that we may speak so that those who are greatly troubled and afflicted may derive some comfort from the truth advanced, and that lagging saints may be stimulated to fight the battles of their Master, lest the curse go out against them, “because they came not up to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty.” We shall use the text three ways, first, as a picture of the experience of each individual Christian; secondly, as a representation of the history of each separate church; and thirdly, as a very excellent description of the history of the entire church of the living God, from its first day even till its close.


     Observe, the children of Israel were emancipated from bondage, and had left Egypt behind, even as you and I have been rescued from our natural estate and are no longer the servants of sin. They had been redeemed by blood sprinkled upon the door-posts and upon the lintel, and we too have had redemption applied to our souls, and have seen that God has looked upon the blood and has passed over us. They had feasted upon the paschal lamb as we have done, for Jesus has become to us our meat and our drink, and our soul is satisfied with him. They had been pursued by their enemies, even as we were pursued by our old sins, but they had seen these furious foes all drowned in the Red Sea, which they had passed through dry-shod; and we, too, have seen our past sins for ever buried in the Ked Sea of atoning blood. Our iniquities, which threatened to drive us back into the Egypt of despair, are gone for ever; they sank like lead in the mighty waters, the depths have covered them — there is not one of them left; Israel sung a new song upon the other side of the sea; and we too have rejoiced in God, and like Miriam we have sounded the loud timbrel of exultation and have danced with holy joy, while our lips have chanted the hymn of victory—

“Sing unto the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously.”

Many of us are now free from the yoke of sin and Satan, and as the Lord’s freemen we glorify his name. Oh that all of us were in such a happy state!

     The children of Israel were probably anticipating ease, forgetting that the promised land was yet many days’ journey beyond them. Inexperience and childishness made them expect a continuance of uninterrupted song and feasting, and there was a time when we indulged the same foolish hopes. We said to ourselves, “Let us be at peace, for the warfare is over; now may we take our ease. Pharaoh is drowned, the horses and the chariots have sunk like lead in the mighty waters; no whips of the taskmaster now, no bricks to make without straw, no more shall we be trodden down by a cruel people and worn out with the labours of the brick-kiln; with a high hand and a mighty arm have we been brought forth; let us rejoice and be merry, let us be glad all our days, and dance the desert through.” That was the voice of our inexperience and folly; how soon were our budding hopes nipped by an unexpected frost! for, like Israel, we soon experienced tribulations. Suddenly there came upon us the thirst and the hunger which only Heaven’s love could supply; and when we least dreamed of it, the fierce Amalek of temptation came down like a wolf on the fold. Young Christian, do not dream that as soon as you are converted your struggle is over, but conclude that your conflict has but just begun. Some persons look upon regeneration as being the change of the old nature into a new; experience teaches us that this is a very false description of the new birth. Conversion and regeneration do not change the old nature; that remaineth still the same; but we have at our new birth infused into us a new nature, a new principle, and this new principle at once begins a contest with the old principle; hence the apostle tells us of the old man and of the new man; he speaks of the flesh lusting against the spirit, and the spirit striving against the flesh. I do not care what the doctrinal statement of any man may be upon the subject; I am sure that the experience of the most of us will prove to a demonstration that there are two natures within us, that only a complex description can describe us at all; we find a company of two armies within us, and the fight goes on, and, if anything, waxes hotter every day. We do trust that the right principle grows stronger, and we hope that through grace the evil principle is weakened and mortified; but, at present, it is with most of us a very sharp contest, and were it not for divine strength, we might throw down our weapons in hopelessness. Young Christian, you have begun a life of warfare, rest assured of that. You would never be told to endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ if it were not so. You must not put that sword up into its scabbard, but rather grind it sharp and hold it always ready in your hand. Watch constantly, and pray without ceasing; for, till you get your foot upon the golden pavement of the New Jerusalem, you must wear a warrior’s harness, and bear a warrior’s toils. Indeed, dear friends, there was that in the camp of the children of Israel which ought to have taught them to expect trouble, for was there not a voice heard among the murmuring host, “Is the Lord among us or not?” That croaking voice of unbelief foreboded ill. How could they expect to know peace when they doubted the God of peace. “There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked;” and in proportion as the righteous are at all like the wicked, in that proportion they lose peace. The cry of unbelief in your heart and mine, when it says, “Is the Lord among us or not?” ought to warn us that we are not yet in the land of rest, but shall have to fight with many an enemy before the banner may be furled. Besides, Israel ought to have remembered that there was an ancient feud between the children of Esau and the children of Jacob, for had not Esau been supplanted by his brother? Amalek, Duke Amalek as he was called, was a descendant of Esau, and treasured up all his father’s hatred and enmity towards the house Of Israel. Did Israel expect to journey near to Edom and not be attacked? And do you expect, Christian, that sin shall be round about you and not assault you?

“Is this vain world a friend to grace,
To help you on to God?”

If you look for friendship from a sinful world you are grievously mistaken. There is a deadly hereditary feud between the Christian and the powers of darkness. It sprang up in the garden, in the day when God said, “I will put enmity between thee and the woman, between thy seed and her seed,” and it continues still the same. You must fight if you would win the crown, and your pathway to the other side of Jordan must be the pathway of an armed crusader, who has to contend for every inch of the way if he is to win it.

     In proceeding with the narrative we notice that they found opposition from an unexpected quarter. Ignorance may have made them reckon upon the friendliness of Amalek, for they evidently journeyed at their ease without proper precaution, presuming upon the relationship and peaceableness of the dwellers in the land. It is just where we feel most safe that we should be most cautious. “A man’s foes are they of his own household.” I do not think the Christian has so much to fear from open and avowed enemies as from those deceitful foes who feign to be his friends. Sin is never so much a Jezebel as when it paints its face with daubs of respectability and patches of innocence. Things dubious are more dangerous than things distinctly evil. The border land between right and wrong is thronged with thieves and robbers; beware of cut throats ye who journey there. Even right things may easily become wrong when they carry away our hearts, and therefore we must guard against their attractions. Many people need not be much afraid of being led into drunkenness and blasphemy, for we are not likely to give way to these grosser evils; but we have far more reason to watch against worldliness and pride, for these are enemies which select the godly as their special object of attack. Take heed to your virtues, Christian, for these, when exaggerated, become your vices; take care of the good things in which you boast, for they may furnish heat for the hatching of the vipers’ eggs of pride and self-satisfaction.

     Israel was assailed in a quarter which was unguarded because unlikely to be attacked. In the Book of Deuteronomy, the fifteenth chapter and the seventeenth and eighteenth verses, we find that Amalek fell upon the rear of the host. The hindmost must have seemed to themselves to be the most secure, for Phaoraoh’s host had been destroyed, and what further was there to fear? The weak and feeble came slowly on, at perfect ease, never so much as suspecting the existence of a foe; the van, I have no doubt, they kept well protected, for they knew not what bands might interrupt their onward march, but the rear they thought might be left exposed, and there it was the foe attacked them. Christian man, wherever thou dost diminish thy caution, there will the foe be upon thee. When thou sayest to thyself, “My mountain standeth firm;” I shall never be moved,” concerning such and such a thing, it is there that thou art most likely to fall. We are strongest usually when we fancy ourselves weakest because we take the matter to God, and weakest where we dream that we are strongest because we refrain from prayer. It will be observed, I think, in most Christians’ experience that God has left them to see their weakness, where they themselves reckoned that no weakness could have been perceptible. Let us then set a watch all around, and ask the Lord to be a wall of fire around us, and a glory in the midst.

     This attack of Amalek was rendered the more dangerous because it was on a sudden. It seems that Amalek caught them in ambush, and fell upon them without notice. There was no regular proclamation of war, no pitching of the battle, no sending out of skirmishers and scouts, but the enemy fell upon them on a sudden like a gang of banditti. Just so will sin do with you and me. If the devil would send me a notice when he means to tempt me, I might readily contend with him and defeat him, but this he will never do. He will not tell you whether or not to-morrow he will tempt you in your business; this is not his way of hunting for his game: “Surely in vain is the net spread in the sight of any bird.” He will, if possible, take you unawares, and before you can put on your armour his arrows will sorely wound you. We are not ignorant of his devices. Well did the Master say, “What I say unto you I say unto all, Watch!” And oh! with what vigilance, what holy diligence must you and I watch against the windings and twistings of the old serpent, who will, if possible, bite our heels or insinuate his venom into our hearts.

     I think I must not omit to say that this attack of Amalek, though designed for the greatest mischief, did not occur without a divine arrangement and overruling. We may be thankful that though Satan selected the most suitable season for himself, yet the Lord made his devices of none effect. Amalek fell upon them when they were faint and weary, but the manna and the flowing rock soon changed the face of affairs, and the novelty of this gracious supply inspired the host with unusual courage. Fresh from the feast, they had good stomach for the fray, and found congenial occupation for their renewed vigour in hewing down their assailants. Satan may beset us at our weakest point, but God hath a way of making us on a sudden strong, so that in the end the attack cometh at a time when we are most fitted to repel it. Have you not observed this? If your present trial had come at another time you could not have borne it; if your present temptation had presented itself but a day before, you would have fallen a victim to it; but it came just after you had enjoyed such communion with Christ that sin had no influence over you, the charms of Jesus made you blind to all other beauties. You had had your mouth so filled with manna that you were made strong in the strength of God to put to rout the host of your foes. Brother, be cautious always, but be confident in God. Watch against overcome by a speedy flight like that of the chaste Joseph. Sins of the flesh are never to be reasoned or parleyed with; there is no more reasoning with them than with the winds; understanding is nonplussed, for lust like a hurricane of sand blinds the eyes. We must fly. It is true valour in such a case to turn the back. “Resist the devil,” says Paul, but he does not say resist lust ; he puts it thus— “ Flee youthful lusts.” When warring with the legions of unrighteousness we shall need all the best powers of our renewed nature, for the conflict will be stern. Oh! believer, you will need to bring your veterans, your pick and choice thoughts into the fight with Amalek; the faith which has endured the storm must face the foe, the love which endureth all things must march to the war. It is no child’s-play to fight with sin. It needed all a Saviour’s strength to tread it in the winepress when he was here on earth, and it will want all your might and more to overcome it— you will only overcome it indeed through the blood of the Lamb.

     This makes me notice that though the men of Israel were to fight, and the chosen men were to be selected, yet they were to fight under the command of Joshua, that is, Jesus, the Saviour. There is no fighting sin except under the leadership of Christ. We must fight sin with his weapons, we must see its sinfulness by the light of his sufferings, see its mischief in the sorrows of his death, see its destruction in the triumphs of his resurrection. We must fly to the strong for strength, and seek help where God hath laid it, namely, on him that is mighty. When Jesus leads we need not be afraid. Promptly to follow Jesus is to secure a victory. His very name puts his enemies to rout; who can withstand the terrors of his arm?

     The narrative points out to us that effort alone is not enough. Three men are seen wending their way up the steep sides of the hill, solemnly walking along, as if they had most weighty business on hand. They are seeking a point of advantage, from which to gall the foe with the artillery of prayer. So mighty was the prayer of Moses that all depended upon it. The petitions of Moses discomfited the enemy more than the fighting of Joshua. The edge of Moses’ prayer was more powerful than the edge of Joshua’s sword. It matters not how loudly Joshua shouts to his men, unless Moses fervently cries to his God. The young soldier would soon have left the field if the old commander had left the closet. Force and fervour, decision and devotion, valour and vehemence, must join their forces, and all will be well. You must wrestle with your sin, but the major part of the wrestling must be done alone in private with God.

     Prayer, like Moses’, holds up the token of the covenant before the Lord. The rod was the emblem of God’s working with Moses, the symbol of God’s government in Israel. Learn, O pleading saint, to hold up the promise and the oath of God before him. He cannot deny his own declarations. Hold up the rod of promise, and have what you will.

     Moses grew weary, and then his friends assisted him. When at any time your prayer flags, let faith support one hand, and let holy hope uplift the other, and prayer seating itself upon the stone of Israel, the rock of our salvation will continue and prevail. Beware of faintness in devotion; if Moses felt it who can escape? It is far easier to fight with sin in public, than to pray against it in private. It is remarked that Joshua never grew weary in the fighting, but Moses did grow weary in the praying; the more spiritual an exercise, the more difficult it is for flesh and blood to maintain it. Let us cry then for special strength, and may the Spirit of God who helpeth our infirmities, as he allowed help to Moses, enable us like him to continue with our hands steady till the going down of the sun. It is not praying to-day nor yet to-morrow that will win life’s battle, it is praying till the going down of the sun. It is not pleading for a month, and then ceasing supplication, Christian, it is “till the going down of the sun,” till the evening of life is over; till thou shalt come to the rising of a better sun, or to the land where they need no sun, thou must continue to pray.

“Long as they live should Christians pray,
For only while they pray they live.”

Let us learn then that there is to be action, but there must be supplication. We cannot expect to conquer Amalek without a combination of the two.

     I will not detain you much longer over this point, only to remark that where holy activity is joined with earnest supplication, the result as to our sins is absolutely sure— the enemy must be defeated; we shall put our feet upon the necks of all our sins. There is no fear of their overcoming us if we do but lay hold on divine strength.

     And, if ever we overcome sin once, it should be the signal for proclaiming a general war against all sin. The fight and victory over Amalek brought from God’s mouth the solemn declaration that there should be war with Amalek for ever and ever. So must it be with you. Have you mastered one sin? Slay the next, and the next, and the next. Can you curb your temper now? Now smite your pride. Is your pride humbled? Now drive an arrow through the very liver of your sloth. And is your sloth overcome? Now seek, by divine grace, to strike through the neck of the next temptation. Onward to the total destruction of every Amalekite must the child of Israel go.

     But notice, that in the whole business the glory was given to God. No pillar was erected on that field of Israel’s warfare in commemoration of Joshua, but an altar as a memorial to Jehovah. That day Israel did not lift on high the banner of Joshua, and sing of him as of the victorious Maccabaeus—

“See, the conquering hero comes!
Sound the trumpets, beat the drums!”

but that day it was said, “Jehovah Nissi,” the Lord is our banner, for they ascribed the glory and honour unto him whose right hand alone had gotten to him the victory. So must we do in all our successes, for if we overcome a sin and then boast ourselves, we are overcome by sin. If looking back upon the past we say with congratulation, “ God, I thank thee that I am not as other men are; I thank thee for this and that;” but all the while are thinking that we have much more reason to thank ourselves, we show that we are still with the fetters upon our wrists dragged in captivity. I leave the point, hoping that some young Christian may have received a lesson in experience. And yet I fear that we must all learn experience for ourselves, and that what is told us by others is but an idle tale, I pray that you who are coming up a new generation may not be as your fathers were, a stiff-necked people, but that you may walk before the Lord with greater holiness and smite Amalek with sterner determination than your sires have done, that so the victory may be unto God through you.

     II. In the second place, the whole narrative may be interpreted AS THE HISTORY OF ANY ONE CHRISTIAN OHURCH. I draw a distinction between the general church and any one particular church. In the olden times the churches of our Lord Jesus Christ, though acknowledging one another and recognising their unity, were distinct organisations managing their own affairs. And here I will digress so far as to say, that the only Christian unity which you and I may ever expect to see and to seek after is, not the amalgamation of all churches into one colossal scheme of government, but the spiritual union of all the churches in working for the Lord, each church exercising its discipline within its own bounds, and carrying out of Christ’s commands within its own walls, and at the same time recognising all other truly Christian churches as being parts of the one body of Christ. Instead of attempting to destroy all these separate churches in order to create unity, we should build up the walls of each house so that the whole city may be compact together. Even the names which describe the varieties of our conscientious convictions are useful, and are only cavilled at by a party who under the cloak of being unsectarian are more sectarian than the worst of us could even slanderously be said to be. Suppose that all the livery companies in London should give up their distinctive names, so that there should be no Goldsmiths’ Company, nor Cloth Workers, nor Merchant Tailors, nor Fishmongers, but that all should be called citizens, it would be a wonderful piece of policy and would singularly unite the citizens of London, would it not? We believe that the reverse would be the case. The existence of the separate corporations, each with its peculiar interests to maintain, but all bound up with the prosperity of the city, help to create unity; and so the unity of the Saviour’s body is preserved rather than destroyed by each believer carrying out his convictions of the Lord’s will, and not refusing to identify himself with those who think with him, nor refusing to wear the name which describes them. Certain sectaries cry out, “We are called Christians.” “Yes, I say, and are we not too?” Are they brethren? So are we. Are they Christians? So are we. Do they seek to be followers of Christ? So do we. There is the less need for some to parade the name of Christians when they know that they are Christians. Let us try to live out our Christianity rather than blazon it upon our doorposts.

     I am not making an unscriptural distinction when I say, first of all, I am going to regard the narrative as a picture of a church, and then afterwards as a picture of the whole church. In any one church there will be, there must be, if it be a church of God, earnest contention for the truth and against error. We, as a church have, I trust been brought up out of Egypt, and are bound together by a common deliverance. We have to fight with Amalek. For the defence of those doctrines which we have learned, and which we believe to be the truth as it is in Jesus, we are called to fight. We are not merely to hold them as the unfaithful servant wrapped his talent in a napkin, but we are to publish what we believe to be true, and, if any contravene, we are to hold our own, or rather, hold the Master’s truth with a firm hand, and not be afraid to contend for it at all hazards. Our chief war must always be with sin— with sin in ourselves, with sin in others, with sin everywhere. This is the great point in the Christian’s contention, and from this war the believer must never cease. Attack sin in every place, and for this reason, if for no other, that sin and error will always attack us. In this particular church I know there are divers errors that are always falling upon us, and smiting some of the hindmost, the weakest and the feeblest. One opens one’s eyes with astonishment sometimes to see what strange errors people are falling into who should know better; but when you come to recollect how hindmost they were, and how much the weakest they were, it is not quite so great a marvel that they should be smitten by the foe. The fact is that in such an age as this, if we do not attack error, error will eat us up; and it comes to this— we must either fight sin, or sin as a fretting moth and a devouring canker will utterly devour us. If there be not an earnest contention for the truth amidst all the church members, there will soon be defalcations on this side and defalcations on the other side. Each church should teach its own distinctive principles with a vigorous, earnest, scriptural dogmatism. If we do indeed hold the very truth as it is in Jesus, we must fight for it valiantly, for if we do not fight Amalek, Amalek will certainly fight us, and the hindmost will always be suffering and the weakest go to the wall. It is on behalf of the weaker brethren, who are easily perverted, that we must watch and fight perpetually.

     To all Christian effort in every church must be added unceasing intercession. The Christian pastor is in some respects comparable to Moses, for he is set apart as a leader in the band of brethren; and as such his business is not only to teach the people but to plead for them with God. I wish that some of our pastors were sustained as they should be by their Aarons and their Hurs. Alas! I know many a fainting brother whose hands are hanging down, who finds an Aaron to pull them lower still, and a Hur to depress his spirits yet more. I would take up a mourning, a lamentation, for my brethren who toil in honourable but obscure spheres where cold neglect and chill indifference are their portion. Alas for others, in the midst of churches rent with schism and polluted with heresy, whose life is one perpetual burden unto them. I would God it were far otherwise with them! I have to thank God, and under God to thank you, that so many of you act the part of Aaron and of Hur, and are willing to hold up the pastor’s hands, and the hands of all others my fellow labourers, the workers for Christ Jesus. But some of you do not do it. Some of you neglect prayer in the closet for the church’s work. I hope you are not neglecting prayer on your own account, but you do not pray as you should for the Lord to advance the interests of truth in the world; you neglect the prayer-meetings, and absent yourselves from the week-day means of grace! Brethren, these things ought not so to be. If you cannot be Moses you may be Aaron. If you cannot fight and assist Joshua, you may climb the hill and succour Moses. If you can neither teach in the classes or in the Sunday school, nor preach in the streets and so fight, you can at least be much in the closet and much in prayer. Oh the untold benefits that come to a Christian church from the quiet prayerful members! least known on earth but best known in heaven. Let us have both at work. May the Lord Jesus help us to advance from strength to strength in earnest effort of every kind, and may he at the same time be our strength upon the mountain while we draw near to the throne in prayer.


     The sacramental host of God’s elect is warring still on earth, Jesus Christ being the Captain of their salvation. He has said, “Lo! I am with you always, even to the end of the world.” Though this is the dispensation of the Holy Spirit, yet is it not incorrect to say that the Lord Jesus Christ is still at the head of his people. Hark to the shouts of war! Onward come the bands of priestcraft, cowled monks, and shaven priests, with an allied host of England’s silly clergy arrayed in gaudy vestments and tricked out with childish ornaments. A fierce effort is making to restore the Romish Antichrist to his ancient seat. Now let the people of God stand fast in their ranks, and let no man’s heart fail him. It is true that just now in England the battle is turned against us, and unless the Lord Jesus and the eternal Joshua shall lift his sword, I know not what may become of the church of God in this land; but let us be of good courage, and play the man. There never was a day when Protestantism seemed to tremble more in the scales than now. The way to Rome and so the way to hell, is paved (I suppose with good intentions) by those Anglican clergy whose vocation it seems to be to show the longsuffering patience of a Protestant country.

     Here we have a national church which has become the jackall for the lion of Rome, and we greatly want a bold voice and a strong hand to preach and publish the Old Gospel for which martyrs bled and confessors died. The Saviour is, by his Spirit, still on earth; let this cheer us. He is ever in the midst of the fight, and therefore the battle is not doubtful. Meanwhile, what a sweet satisfaction it is to see our Lord Jesus like a greater Moses upon the hill yonder, prevalently pleading for his people! He is better than Moses, for his hands never grow feeble; and if the prophetic hand of Jesus should grow weak, there is his priestly office, like Aaron, to bear up one hand, and his princely office, like Hur, a prince, to bear up the other; and so the three together, prophet, priest, and king. He bears aloft the wonder-working rod, — Israel wins the day, and Amalek is smitten. O anxious gazer! look not at the battle so much below, for there thou shalt be enshrouded in smoke and amazed with garments rolled in blood; but lift thine eyes yonder where thy Saviour lives and pleads, for while he intercedes the cause of God is safe. Let us fight as if it all depended upon us, but let us look up and know that all depends upon him. Now by the lilies of Christian purity and by the roses of the Saviour’s atonement, by the roes and by the hinds of the field, we charge you who are lovers of Jesus to do valiantly in the Holy War; for truth and righteousness, for the kingdom and crown jewels of your Master, against the harlot of Rome and the many-headed beast on which she rides, charge ye with dauntless courage. Those who gave your fathers to the flames and cast your sires to rot in the prison, let them know that the spirit of your sires still lives in you; let them see that there is a seed still upon earth in whose breast truth still finds a tabernacle — men who can suffer for truth, and can boldly declare it in the midst of foes. Never become cowardly and mean; never despair. How can ye? Christ at your head like Joshua, and Christ in heaven like Moses; Christ here with the holy gospel in his hand like a two-edged sword, and Christ there with his atoning merits like a wonder-working rod. Be strong and very courageous, and by his help who doeth valiantly ye shall yet send up the shout Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallelujah! for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. The Lord bless you all for Jesus’ sake. Amen.