Sermon

Who are Elected?

By Charles Haddon Spurgeon Jul 9, 1865 Scripture: 1 Samuel 16:12 Sermon No. 638 From: Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit Volume 11

Who are Elected?

 

“And the Lord said, Arise, anoint him, for this is he.” — 1 Samuel 16:12.

 

SAMUEL was sent to Bethlehem to discover the object of God’s election. This would have been a very difficult task if the God who sent him had not accompanied him, and spoken with the sure voice of inspiration within him so soon as the chosen object stood before him. Brethren, it is neither your task nor mine to guess who are God’s elect, apart from marks and evidences. What was done in the councils of eternity before the world was made is hidden in the mind of God, and we must not curiously intrude where the door is closed by the hand of wisdom. Yet in the preaching of the Word there is a discovery made of God’s secret election. We preach the gospel to every creature under heaven; we deliver God’s threatenings and promises to every sinner, and we cry, “Look unto Jesus and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth.” That gospel is of itself, through God the Holy Spirit, the discerner of the chosen ones of God, when they feel its quickening power and are raised from among the spiritually dead. The gospel is a fan which, while it drives away the chaff, leaves the wheat upon the floor. The gospel is like a refiner’s fire, and like fuller’s soap, removing all that is extraneous and worthless, but revealing the precious and the pure. We have no other way by which to discern, as ministers, the saints of God, and to separate the precious from the vile, but by faithfully preaching the truth as it -is in Jesus, and observing its effects. As for ourselves, we may discover our own calling and election, and make them sure. Paul said of the Thessalonians, that he knew their election of God; and we may discover the election of other men to a very high degree of probability by their conduct and conversation; and be certified of our own election, even to infallibility, by the witness of the Spirit within that we are born of God. If our heart be renewed by the Spirit, if we are made new creatures in Christ Jesus, if we are reconciled unto God and redeemed from dead works, we may know that our names were written in the Lamb’s book of life from before the foundation of the world.

     This morning I am about to speak upon the way in which we may discover the chosen, making the case of David in some degree our guiding star.

     I. I would have you remark at the outset, THE SURPRISE of all, when they found that David, the least in his father’s house, was the object of the Lord’s choice, a king over Israel.

     Observe, that his brethren had no idea that David would be selected; such a thought had never entered into their heads. If the question had been asked of them, “Who among you will ever attain to the kingdom?” they would have selected any of the other seven, but they would certainly have passed by their brother David. He seems to have been thoroughly despised by his brothers. Eliab addresses him in a tone of scorn when he comes to the valley of Elah: “Because of thy pride and the naughtiness of thine heart, to see the battle art thou come.” This mode of speech was no doubt such as he usually employed towards the young man. I suppose that David had been one by himself. The sports of the seven were often such that he could not engage in them. He was no companion for them. If they at any time perpetrated any unjust or unrighteous deed; if, as probably a band of seven young men in the hey-day of youth were likely to do, they were bold in courses of sinful mirth, David would follow the example of Joseph, and act as a reprover in their midst, and consequently he fell under their contempt. He was with his flock on the mountain side when they were making merry with their cups; his book and his harp were his solace, contemplation was his great delight, and his God his best company, while his brothers found no pleasure in divine things. He, like our Lord, could say, “For thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face. I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother’s children.” Psalm lxix. 7, 8. Like Joseph, he was “the dreamer” of the family in the esteem of the rest. They thought him moon-struck when he considered the heavens, and called him mad when he meditated both day and night in God’s law. Now, beloved friend to whom I address myself, you may be one of those whom God has looked upon with an eye of love from before the foundation of the world, and yet, in the family to which you belong you may be overlooked and forgotten. Your own brethren have formed a very low opinion of your abilities, and they have a perfect contempt for the singularity of your character. You are as a speckled bird among your own kinsfolk; you cannot enjoy what they enjoy; your loves and your longings run in a different channel from theirs. Suffer not their contempt to break your heart. Remember David once stood in your position, and there was yet another in the earlier days upon the crown of whose head the blessing of the eternal hills descended though he was separated from his brethren; and so may heaven’s enriching smile yet rest on you, for the Lord seeth not as man seeth. The rejected of men are often the beloved of the Lord.

     It is more painful to notice that David’s father should have had no idea of David’s excellence. A father has naturally more love to his child than a brother to his brother, and frequently the youngest child is the darling; but David does not seem to have been the tender one of his father. Jesse calls him the least, and if I understand the word which he uses in the original, there is something more implied than his being the youngest; he was the least in the estimation of the ill-judging parent. It is strange that he should have been left out when the rest were summoned to the feast, and I cannot acquit Jesse of fault in having omitted to call his son, when that feast was a special religious service. At a sacrifice all should be present; when the prophet comes none should be away, and yet it was not thought worth while to call David, although one would think a servant might have kept the sheep, and so the whole family might have met on so hallowed an occasion; yet no son was left in the field but David, all the others were assembled. It sometimes happens (but O how wrongly!) that one in the family is overlooked, even by his parent, in his hopes and prayers. The father seems to think, “God may be pleased to convert William; he may call Mary; I trust in his providence we shall see John grow up to be a credit to us; but as for Richard or Sarah, I do not know what will ever become of them.” How often will parents have to confess that they have misjudged, and that the one upon whom they have set the black mark, has been after all the joy and comfort of their lives, and has given them more satisfaction than all the rest put together. Art thou such an one, young man? Art thou painfully conscious that thou hast a narrow share in thy parent’s heart? Be not downcast, distressed, or broken-hearted about this. Thou farest as David did before thee, and if he the favored servant of God, the man after God’s own heart, could put up with his position, be not thou too proud to abide in it, for if thy father and thy mother forsake thee, if the Lord take thee up, he will be better to thee than the best of parents.

     It is clear also that Samuel, God's servant, had at first no idea of David’s election. The brethren advanced one by one, and Samuel, using his human judgment, was ready to select any other rather than David. The minister of God, if he be truly called and sent, has a yearning in his soul to bring out God’s chosen from their hidden state. His eye is quick to discern the first tokens of grace in a renewed soul. But sometimes the Christian minister is deceived. He consults with flesh and blood, and selects Eliab, the man with a fine person, whose noble countenance bespeaks something above the ordinary level, whose whole frame is so admirably fashioned that he is goodly to look upon. How true is it that the Lord taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man. The gifts of personal appearance often become snares instead of blessings; “beauty is deceitful, and favour is Vain.” The Lord hath not chosen Eliab. Then rank will come before the minister, and if he sees a person of high estate cheerfully listening to the gospel, he is very ready to think, “Surely the Lord hath chosen him.” But how often these are but birds of passage in our congregation who never tarry long enough to build a nest in the sanctuary. Mere curiosity brings them, and a new curiosity carries them elsewhere. Surely the Lord hath not often chosen these Abinadabs. Again, others are so well educated, that when the Word is preached, they appreciate the style in which it is delivered, and the remarks which they make concerning it are so sensible and so judicious, that the preacher is apt to say, “Surely the Lord hath chosen these!” And yet how often the educated are too proud to believe the simplicities of Christ, and the intellectual turn on the heel because the gospel is scarcely refined enough for their taste. At times, we feel sure that we have now pitched upon the right man, for we are charmed with our hearer’s natural amiability of disposition, and are cheered by his tenderness and susceptibility of mind to religious impressions; and yet we are disappointed. Many lovely blossoms never become fruits, and hopeful saplings prove not to be plants of the Lord’s right hand planting, and therefore are plucked up. At times, too, we hear such admirable conversation about religion, that we conclude, “Now we have found out the chosen of the Lord.” We have sat in company, and heard young men use devout expressions which implied no ordinary depth of scriptural knowledge; we have heard those persons pray, and have admired their great gift in prayer; they have addressed religious assemblies and spoken with a high degree of fluency, and our heart said, “Surely the Lord hath chosen these!” and yet, my brethren in the ministry will tell you that often out of the many hopefuls who have passed before them, they have found many to be heartbreakers, and few who gave them any real satisfaction as to their conversion to God. Meanwhile, the very one whom we overlooked, the least one in the assembly, has been the David upon whom God’s blessing has fallen. Oh, some of you have listened to our word these ten years and more, and you have been impressed again and again, and yet you are unconverted. We oft thought you must be the chosen of God when we marked your tears and your apparent feeling, but up till now you are without any evidence of election. On the other hand, there has dropped into this place a drunkard, and there has strayed into these aisles a harlot, and the mighty grace of God has converted them, and they are rejoicing now in the full forgiveness of their sins, while you are yet “in the gall of bitterness and in the bond of iniquity.” How true is that word, “the publicans and harlots enter into the kingdom of heaven before you.” How matchless is the sovereignty of God! “His ways are past finding out.” The very poorest, the most illiterate, the meanest and most obscure, the fools, the babes, the things despised, yea, “the things that are not,” doth he choose, to bring to naught the things that are, that no flesh should glory in his presence. It strikes me that there was one person more astonished when David was anointed than even his brothers, or his father, or the prophet — and that was himself. He was a wonder unto many, but chiefly to himself. He had' communed with God alone beneath the spreading trees; he had sung the praises of Jehovah in the wilderness where he had led his flocks, by the waterside he had tuned his harp, and made the rocks echo with the sweet music of his grateful soul; but he never dreamed of being a king. If a prophet had said to him, “The Lord will take thee from following the sheep to be ruler over his people Israel, and he will be with thee whithersoever thou goest, and cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and make thee a name like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth,” he would have cried, “What am I, O Lord God? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? Is this the manner of men, O Lord God.” So, dear friend, you may be truly a child of God, but you may, as yet, have no clear view of the high and noble calling to which God has ordained you. Your trembling faith hath laid its hand upon the head of Jesus, and you trust you are forgiven; but as yet you do not know the grandeur and dignity to which faith exalts every heir of heaven. Now, let me whisper in thine ear & word concerning thy present greatness and the glory which is yet to be revealed in thee. “Beloved, now are we the sons of God; and it doth not yet appear what we shall be, but we know that when he shall appear we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.” Thou art justified by faith, and thou hast peace with God, and dost thou not know that, “Whom he justifies, them he also glorifies?” Thou shalt be surely glorified. Dost thou know the reason of this? It is because thou art “elect according to the foreknowledge of God, through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.” Yes, poor trembler, the thoughts of God were exercised concerning thee before the stars began to dart their rays through the thick darkness; Jehovah-Jesus wrote thy name upon his heart, and engraved it on the palms of his hands before the skies were stretched abroad. Be thou of good courage, there is a kingdom for thee! The sure mercies of David have ordained thee to overcome and to sit down upon Jesus’ throne, even as he has overcome and is set down with his Father upon his throne. Be thou glad henceforth, for it is the Father’s good pleasure to give thee the kingdom. Methinks I see thee all surprised, and thou sayest, “How can it be? I! chosen of God! My many sins, my great infirmities, my doubts, my barrenness in God’s service, the coldness of my heart, all these make me go mourning. Can it be that yet he hath ordained me to a kingdom?” It is even so. Let thy faith grasp the truth, and go thy way rejoicing.

     Remember, dear friend, that it matters not what your occupation may be, you may yet have the privilege of the kingdom. David was but a shepherd and yet he was raised to the throne, and so shall each believer be. You may be obscure and unknown, in your father’s house the very least, and yet you may share a filial part in the divine heart. You may be among those who never would be mentioned except as mere units of the general census, without parts, without position; you may almost think yourself to have less than the one talent; you may conceive yourself to be a worm and no man, and like David you may say, “I was as a beast before thee;” and yet think of this, that the marvellous election of God can stoop from the highest throne of glory to lift the beggar from the dunghill and set him among princes.

     II. We shall now turn your thoughts to THE TOKEN of election, the secret mark which the Lord sets in due time upon the chosen.

     In due time every chosen person receives the seal of grace. That stamp is a new heart and a right spirit. Let all men understand that a new heart is the privy seal of the Divine One, the broad arrow of the King of kings. Men look upon the outward appearance as the mark of favour, but God looketh at the heart as the token of his choice. We are not to suppose David was chosen to salvation because of the natural goodness of his heart, for he tells us himself that he was “ born in sin, and shapen in iniquity;” although we are willing to grant that when God had renewed his heart as the result of his sovereign grace, a goodness of heart constituted a qualification for the kingdom, just as grace is a fitness for glory, but the righteousness of heart was itself the gift of sovereign grace, and was the effect and not the cause of the primary and eternal election which fixed on David. We do not stood intend to discuss the reason of God’s election, — let us not be misunderstood — of that we know nothing; we believe that God chooses wisely, but he chooses from reasons not known to men, probably reasons which could not be understood by us. All we know is, “Even so father, for so it seemed good in thy sight.” We are now speaking of the way by which God seals his elect and distinguishes his chosen ones, after his grace has operated upon them. They are distinguished by having a heart that differs from other men. May we be able thus to discover whether we are among them or not!

     What kind of heart had David? We may find it out by his Psalms. We cannot tell when some of the Psalms were written, but if any of them were written in his youth, the twenty-third was certainly one. That beautiful pastoral poem opens a window into the heart of David, let us look through it, and we shall soon perceive that he possessed a believing heart. How sweet is the sentence, “The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.” Happy David! He had summed up all his wants and cares, he knew that he wanted pardon for sin, and grace to preserve him from evil, wisdom to guide him in the perilous paths of youth, strength to aid him in the conflicts which were before him; but instead of looking to himself or to friends, he turns away from all created good to God, and by faith he says, “The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.” Here is a grand mark of divine election. Dear friend, dost thou rest in God for everything? Has thy heart given up all confidence in itself? “He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool.” Has thy heart given up all trust in thy fellow? for “Cursed is he that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm.” Hast thou seen the emptiness of thine own doings, and willings, and beings, and wishings, and hast thou taken the Lord as he reveals himself in the page of Scripture – Father, Son, and Spirit, to be thine all? If thou dost so trust, thou needest not fear thine election, for when God looks into thine heart, he sees in thy faith the symbol and sign of his sovereign grace; for never was there a simple faith in himself where there had not been his hand at work, and his heart ordaining to eternal life.

     We note, as we read the psalm, that David’s heart was also a meditative heart. Mark the words, “He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.” He elsewhere writes: “My meditation of him shall be sweet.” The whole book of Psalms, which is David’s life -written out in poetic characters, proves that he was much given to meditation on heavenly subjects. Alone there on the mountains, down by the rippling brooks, wherever he had to conduct the flocks, there he set up an altar to his God, and made an oratory for himself. Much sweet intercourse was carried on between David and his God which Eliab knew nothing of, and into which Abinadab could not enter. Head the one hundred and nineteenth Psalm, and you will see that he won for himself all the blessings which by inspiration he sang of in the first Psalm. He meditated upon the law of his God both day and night. Dear friend, is that your case? When your thoughts get free, do they fly away as the dove does to its dovecote — right away to God? Can you say with David, that his words are sweet to your taste? Is the very name of God dear to you? Do you delight yourself in him? Do you meditate much upon the person of Jesus Christ? Remember that by your thoughts you may judge your state, and if your heart does not meditate in God’s statutes, you certainly miss one of the signs of divine election; for elect souls are brought out in due time to find a delight in the ways and words of God.

     Go on with the Psalm, and I think you will be struck with the humble heart which David had, for all the way through he does not praise himself. “He leadeth me beside the still waters, He restoreth my soul.” See, he has no crown for his own head; the crown is all for the mighty one who is his shepherd. His soul was in his pen when he wrote, “Not unto us, not unto us, but unto thy name be all the glory.” David was none of your strutting peacocks who cannot be content unless all eyes are upon them; he sang God’s praises as the nightingale will sing in the dark when no human ear is listening and no eye is admiring. He was content to bloom unseen, knowing that the sweetness of a renewed heart is never wasted on the desert air. He was satisfied with God alone as his auditor, and he coveted not the high opinion of man. Before his God how high he rose, and yet how low he bowed. How deeply did he feel his indebtedness to him who gave him all, and how zealously did he ascribe his salvation, and glory and strength, unto him who had been from the first to the last his helper. He would have enjoyed the verse in which Asaph alludes to his low estate, “He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds: from following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.” O for a heart free from all haughtiness.

     We should altogether fail in describing David if we were to omit other qualifications. His was a holy heart. Observe in the same Psalm, “He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.” David delighted not in iniquity; the men of Belial he put far from him. “A liar shall not tarry in my sight” said he. He loved the people of God, he styles them, “The excellent of the earth in whom is all my delight.” Holiness which becomes God’s house was very delightful to David’s soul. He loved the commandments of God because of their holiness. “Thy word is very pure, therefore thy servant loveth it.” Psalm cxix.140. I grant you that he did once fall into grievous sin, but that was an exception to a gracious rule. His rule was holiness. The best of men are men at the best, and therefore they may slip, but oh! how bitterly David. mourned to his dying day the evil into which he fell. “He was a man after God’s own heart, and his way was ordered according to holiness.”

     Note, what a brave heart beat in his breast. Where will you find a braver man than David? “Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them.” It is this David who, while the cringing host of Israel flies from combat, enters the lists with the boasting Philistine, and brings deliverance unto Israel. Hear ye the striplings valorous voice: “Thou comest against me with sword, and with a spear, and with a shield; but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.” How bold was David in most cases! There were times when he, like the children of Ephraim, turned his back in the day of battle; take for instance, when he played the fool before Achish; but in other cases, his soul was set against the Lord’s enemies, and though an host encamped against him, his heart did not fear; though war was waged against him, in this was he confident, for he wore the breastplate of dauntless courage. The Psalm right bravely puts it, “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.”

     Let me remind you, that he had a very contented and grateful heart. I do not know a better picture of David in his early days than that which Bunyan gives us of the shepherd, who was singing in the Valley of Humiliation: —

“He that is down needs fear no fall;
He that is low, no pride;
He that is humble ever shall
Have God to be his guide.
I am content with what I have,
Little be it or much;
And Lord, contentment still I crave,
Because thou savest such.”

Here is David’s version of the very same sentiment, “Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.” He had all his heart could wish. I do trust, dear friends, we can some of us humbly claim that we possess such a heart as this, and oh, that my tongue may be able to say without deceit, “Yes, Lord, my soul is satisfied with what thou dost ordain, whatever thy will is, it shall be my will.”

     You should further observe the constancy of David' s heart. He says, “Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.” He was not one of the Pliables, who set out and turn back again at the first slough into which they tumble; he was no Demas, ready to forsake his profession to win this present evil world; but all the days of his life he abode close to the way of the Lord, and remained as a servant in God’s house.

     By such marks may we know our election. I would God that those who are so positive of their election, would condescend sometimes to try themselves by scriptural marks and evidences. We are told, by certain divines, that we should never doubt our safety. Beloved, we should never doubt God, but I am inclined to think that no man who exercises a holy watchfulness over himself, and a holy earnestness to be found accepted at the last, can be at all times without doubts as to his own interest in Christ. I am persuaded that the hymn —

“’Tis a point I long to know,
Oft it causes anxious thought –

is the experience of every child of God, more or less, and that there are seasons when that is the best hymn which a man can sing. It is seldom that I doubt my interest in Christ Jesus, but it is very often that I ask myself, “Is this confidence well grounded?” And if I were afraid to question myself, if I were afraid to go back to the foundation and search myself thoroughly, if I always went on, blindly confident, and never examined myself whether I were in the faith, methinks that would be an omen of being given up to a strong delusion to believe a lie. I have laboured in your presence to preach up the privilege of strong faith; I have urged you to strive after full assurance of faith; but never let these lips say a word or a syllable against that holy carefulness which makes a broad distinction between presumption and assurance. Depend upon it, privilege preached always without precept will breed a surfeit and lethargy in God’s people: what we want at certain seasons is, not a promise, but a telling, burning word of self-examination, the flavour of which we may not like, but which shall work in our souls spiritual good of a more lasting sort than sweet comforts would bring to us. Examine yourselves, dear friends, then, by this. I do not ask you whether your hearts are perfect — they are not; I do not ask you whether your hearts never go astray, for they are prone to wander; but I do ask you: Is your heart resting upon Jesus Christ? Is it a believing heart? Does your heart meditate upon divine things? Does it find its best solace there? Is your heart a humble heart? Are you constrained to ascribe all to sovereign grace? Is your heart a holy heart? Do you desire holiness? Do you find your pleasure in it? Is your heart bold for God? Does your heart ascribe praises to God? Is it a grateful heart? and is it a heart that is wholly fixed upon God, desiring never to go astray? If it be, then you have marks of election. Search for these, and add to all your searching this prayer, “Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my ways; and see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.” Let me beseech you to pray God to pull your comforts into pieces if they are false comforts. I have conjured my God on bended knee full often to let me know the worst of my case, and if I be deluded, deceived, or deceiving, I do pray him to tear the bandage from my eyes and take away every balm from my wounded heart except the balm of Gilead, and never to let me rest till I am soundly grounded and bottomed on Christ Jesus, and nowhere else but there. Do make sure work in this case. If you must have “buts,” and “ifs,” and “peradventures,” have them about your estates and your property, but do not about your souls. May the Holy Spirit help you to be often using the crucible to see whether your profession is true gold or no.

     III. The third point is a very interesting one; it is MANIFESTATION, or the way in which the election of God is made apparent to ourselves and others.

     We cannot see the hearts of our fellow-men, and therefore the heart can never be to us the way of distinguishing the elect of God, except so far as it is seen in the acts and words. Now the first sign by which this election was made known to David himself and to a few others, who probably did not know much about it, was by his being anointed. Samuel took a horn of oil, and poured it on David. I do not think Jesse knew the full meaning of it. I feel sure that the seven brethren did not, for if they had, someone or other would have told Saul. Master Trapp says, seven can only keep a secret whet six of them know nothing about it. I am inclined to think that though they saw him anointed with oil, they could not bring themselves to think that such a despised one as David was really anointed for the kingdom. They saw the symbol, but probably did not understand the inward grace. But David did; David knew that he was now to be a king, and though he never stretched out a hand or lifted a finger to get that throne for himself, though he often spared his enemy, Saul, when killing him might have brought him suddenly to the crown, yet he knew that he should one day reign over Israel. Beloved, there is a season when God anoints his people. They have believed, but there may elapse a little time between the believing and the conscious anointing; but suddenly, when the Lord has illuminated their hearts to know and understand divine things clearly, the Spirit of God comes with a sealing power upon them, and from that day forward they rejoice to know that they have the indwelling of the Spirit, and that they are set apart for God. I pray that some of you who have been lately converted, may get your sealing from this day forward. If you shall receive it, you will be different men from what you were. Already saved by grace, you will then begin to feel that force, and power, and vigour, which renders the man of faith the master of the world. If you are anointed, you will feel the royal blood within your veins. As yet you do not know your kingship, but if the Spirit of God shall descend upon you in plenteous measure, you will know your dignity, and you will act like kings, reigning over inbred sins, and seeking, as much as lieth in you, to exercise the royal priesthood which the Master has conferred upon you. This inward sealing may be recognised among the saints; a few may be able to see in you the sealing, do not expect that many will, for it is only to yourself that it becomes the infallible witness that you are elected of God.

     The manifestation, however, went on in another way. After the anointing it appears that David became a man distinguished for the valour of his deeds. Saul’s servant in recommending him says of him, that he was “a mighty valiant man, and a man of war.” Your election will be discovered by this; you will do what others cannot do. An elect soul, when the Spirit of God is upon him, can answer that question, “What do ye more than others?” not proudly, but still calmly he can say, “There are many things which others do not and cannot do, which are easy to me through Christ who strengtheneth me.” You will be able now, dear friends, to break through the toils of custom; to wrestle with the lion of worldliness, to exhibit patience under suffering, to forgive your worst enemy without difficulty, to serve God in deeds of faith, to venture your good name content to see it trodden in the ditch if you may exalt Christ; in fine, through the Holy Spirit you will do and dare where others are sluggishly cowards; you will dash forward to the conflict expecting the victory because God is with you, or you will be willing to suffer because the Lord has strengthened you to bear all things for his sake. Your election will be best known to your fellow men by your deeds of valour.

     It appears, too, that he was very prudent. The same witness-bearer said he was “a man prudent in matters.” Such will you be, when as the elect of God the Spirit of wisdom rests upon you. You will not be in a hurry, you have nothing to gain; you will not be alarmed, you have nothing to lose; you have God and therefore you have all things; you cannot lose your God, and therefore you can lose nothing; and being in no hurry, you will have time to judge and weigh matters. “He that believeth shall not make haste.” Life will be with you no confused scramble. You will not be blundering out of one error, into another, because you will take your matters before God in prayer; you will consult the oracle, and your heart will be guided of the Lord. You will, if you live near to God, know when you come to a point of difficulty which way to turn; you will hear a voice which saith, “This is the way, walk ye in it.” You will know, when you come to a difficulty where human wisdom is utterly worthless, how to fall flat on your face and wait until the strong arm comes to deliver you. You will be taught in the things of God and bold to teach others also, and so, daily, your election will be made known to your fellow men.

     Mark well, that one of the ways by which your election will become clear and sure to all God’s people will be this: — if you are anointed king as David was before you, you will come into conflict with Saul. It cannot be possible that the chosen of God shall for ever live in peace with the heirs of hell. He who put an enmity between the seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, takes care that that old enmity shall never die. The two first men of woman born, were enemies of one another for this reason, and until Christ shall come that same enmity will exist. Saul may like thee for a little time if thou canst play well upon an instrument and drive away his melancholy, but when Saul finds thee out and discovers thee to be the anointed king, he will hurl his javelin at thee. The world is very satisfied with some ministers, and with some Christians, because they very much resemble itself; but as soon as the world finds out “this is a man separate from us, of a different nature and of a different country,” it cannot but hate the man — it must do so. Dost thou expect the world's good word? then go thy way and flatter it, and bow to it, and cringe, and be its servant, and thou shalt have thy reward in everlasting contempt; but art thou willing to take thy lot without the camp with Jesus, and to be recognised as being not of this world, because he hath chosen you out of the world, then expect to receive hard measures, to be misconstrued and misrepresented, and to be despised, for thy reward shall be when he cometh, and that reward shall outweigh all that thou endurest here below.

     I think David was never more clearly manifested to be God’s elect, except at the last of all, than when he was an outlaw. He never seems such a grand man as when he is among the tracks of the wild goats of Engedi; never so great as when he is passing through the wilderness while Saul is hunting him, or standing at midnight over the sleeping form of his enemy, and saying, “I will not touch him, for he is the Lord’s anointed.” We do not read of many faults, and slips, and errors then. The outlawed David is most certainly manifested to all Israel to be the chosen of God, because the chosen of man cannot abide him. The happiest and best days, I believe, with the people of God, are when they are most outlawed by men, when they are put out of the synagogue, and when he that should kill them would think that he did God service. The brightest days for Christian piety were the days of martyrdom and persecution. Scotland has many saints, but she never has had such rich saints as those who lived in covenanting times; England has had many rich divines who have taught the word, but the Puritanic age was the golden age of England’s Christian literature. Depend upon it you will find in your own life you may have many days of heaven upon earth, but the place of persecution and rejection will be the spot where Jesus Christ manifests himself the most to you. Are you resolved not to be conformed to this world? Are you willing to bear with Christ the brunt of the battle, and like the living fish to swim against the stream? Are you ready to stand out like the other holy children in the days of Nebuchadnezzar, and to say like the apostles in the days of the high priests, “Whether it be right to serve God or men, judge ye?” Have ye cast off the fear of man? Have ye taken up the cross to wear as your best and greatest ornament and treasure? If so, you are giving the very best evidence of having been chosen out of the world because you are not of the world. Remember, to conclude, that after all conflicts were over, David was crowned. All Israel and all Judah sent to fetch David, and they made him king; amidst the blast of the horns, and the homage, and songs and joy of the people, David, the elected one, was publicly recognised; the crown was put upon his head, the imperial mantle graces his person, he signed the decrees, and his word was law from Dan to Beersheba. The day cometh when the like shall be true of the meanest and the most despised of God’s chosen. Truly said the apostle, “it doth not yet appear;” we cannot see it, only faith can discern it, but it shall appear — it cometh — the appearing draweth nigh. Our head shall yet wear the crown, for we shall reign with Christ Jesus. Methinks even this earth, which has despised us, shall yet know us as kings when we shall reign with Him. We shall yet put on the imperial purple; from the river, even to the ends of the earth, the saints shall possess the kingdom; and when Jesus comes to judge the people, we shall judge angels, sitting as assessors with him, giving our verdict, and adding our “Amens” to all his sentences. Nay, even in heaven itself, angels shall be our servitors; they shall be ministering spirits to the heirs of salvation, and we shall sit upon thrones. Oh! Christian, thou knowest not the pomp which shall yet surround thee! Thou hast had some glimmering thought of the Saviour’s glory and the Saviour’s dignity, but hast thou not forgotten that all this is thine? – for we shall be like him when we shall see him as he is. “Father, I will that they whom thou has given me be with me where I am.” The same place for you as for the Saviour, and you shall behold his glory, and you shall be partakers of it. Why, then, should you fear? Why should you be downcast and dismayed by reason of the trials on the way? Come! Pluck up courage.. An hour with thy God will make up for it all. One glimpse of him, and what will persecution seem? You have been called ugly names, and ill words have been pelted at you, but what will they be when you shall hear him say, “Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from before the foundation of the world.” There! the world’s thunder is gone like a whisper amidst the more glorious roll of angelic acclamations, and the hiss of enmity is all forgotten amidst the kiss of love which the Saviour gives to all his faithful ones. Cheered by the reward, I pray you press forward! Greater riches than all the treasures of Egypt shall you have who can renounce all for Christ’s sake! “Be ye faithful unto death, and he will give you a crown of life.” God grant that we may all be found numbered among the election of grace, and none of us be cast away, and his shall be the praise for ever and ever. Amen.

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